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Task.WaitAll Method (Task[])

Waits for all of the provided Task objects to complete execution.

Namespace:  System.Threading.Tasks
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static void WaitAll(
	params Task[] tasks
)

Parameters

tasks
Type: System.Threading.Tasks.Task[]

An array of Task instances on which to wait.

ExceptionCondition
ObjectDisposedException

One or more of the Task objects in tasks has been disposed.

ArgumentNullException

The tasks argument is null.

-or-

The tasks argument contains a null element.

AggregateException

At least one of the Task instances was canceled -or- an exception was thrown during the execution of at least one of the Task instances. If a task was canceled, the AggregateException contains an OperationCanceledException in its InnerExceptions collection.

The following example demonstrates using WaitAll to wait for a set of tasks to complete.

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

class WaitAllDemo
{
    // Demonstrated features: 
    // 		Task.Factory 
    //		Task.Result 
    //		Exception handling 
    // Expected results: 
    // 		10 tasks are started, each passed an index as a state object. 
    //		The tasks that receive an argument between 2 and 5 throw exceptions. 
    //		Task.WaitAll() wraps all exceptions in an AggregateException and propagates it to the main thread. 
    // Documentation: 
    //		http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.threading.tasks.taskfactory_members(VS.100).aspx 
    static void Main()
    {
        // Define a delegate that prints and returns the system tick count
        Func<object, int> action = (object obj) =>
        {
            int i = (int)obj;

            // Make each thread sleep a different time in order to return a different tick count
            Thread.Sleep(i * 100);

            // The tasks that receive an argument between 2 and 5 throw exceptions 
            if (2 <= i && i <= 5)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException("SIMULATED EXCEPTION");
            }

            int tickCount = Environment.TickCount;
            Console.WriteLine("Task={0}, i={1}, TickCount={2}, Thread={3}", Task.CurrentId, i, tickCount, Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId);

            return tickCount;
        };

        const int n = 10;

        // Construct started tasks
        Task<int>[] tasks = new Task<int>[n];
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            tasks[i] = Task<int>.Factory.StartNew(action, i);
        }

        // Exceptions thrown by tasks will be propagated to the main thread 
        // while it waits for the tasks. The actual exceptions will be wrapped in AggregateException. 
        try
        {
            // Wait for all the tasks to finish.
            Task.WaitAll(tasks);

            // We should never get to this point
            Console.WriteLine("WaitAll() has not thrown exceptions. THIS WAS NOT EXPECTED.");
        }
        catch (AggregateException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("\nThe following exceptions have been thrown by WaitAll(): (THIS WAS EXPECTED)");
            for (int j = 0; j < e.InnerExceptions.Count; j++)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("\n-------------------------------------------------\n{0}", e.InnerExceptions[j].ToString());
            }
        }
    }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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