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Plan for Report Design and Report Deployment (SSRS 2012)

SQL Server Reporting Services offers several approaches for authoring and deploying reports. This topic provides an overview of report definition support by Reporting Services components. A report definition is an XML file that is written in the Report Definition Language (RDL) or the Report Definition Language for Clients (RDLC). Each report definition conforms to a specific schema version that is listed at the beginning of the file.

RDL files are authored in Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) projects, and in Report Builder. RDLC files are authored by using the ReportViewer controls that are included in Visual Studio 2005 and Visual Studio 2008.

Use this topic to help plan for a report authoring environment and report server that work together. This topic provides the following information:

  • The list of the versions of report definition schemas that are supported.

  • Which report versions can run on a SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services (SSRS) report server.

  • Which versions of which authoring environments can create, deploy, and locally preview which report versions.

The following table lists each available schema version and the abbreviation that is used throughout the rest of this topic:

Abbreviation

Schema version

2010 RDL

http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/reporting/2010/01/reportdefinition

2008 RDL

http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/reporting/2008/01/reportdefinition

2005 RDL

2005 RDLC

http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/reporting/2005/01/reportdefinition

2000 RDL

http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/reporting/2003/10/reportdefinition

For more information about specific RDL schemas, see Microsoft SQL Server XML Schemas and Report Definition Language Specifications.

For more information about ReportViewer controls, see ReportViewer Controls (Visual Studio).

On a SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services (SSRS) report server, you can publish report definition files in the following ways:

  • Report Designer: Deploy a report from Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT).

  • Report Builder: Save a report to the report server from Report Builder.

  • Report Manager: Upload a report to a native mode report server from Report Manager.

  • SharePoint: Upload a report to a SharePoint site that is configured with a SharePoint mode report server.

  • Programmatically: Programmatically publish a report by using the SOAP API interfaces to a report server. For more information, see Report Server Web Service.

The following table lists support for report definition schemas by report server version.

Report server version

RDL schema version

SQL Server 2012

  • 2010 RDL

  • 2008 RDL

  • 2005 RDL

  • 2000 RDL

SQL Server 2008 R2

  • 2010 RDL

  • 2008 RDL

  • 2005 RDL

  • 2000 RDL

SQL Server 2008

  • 2008 RDL

  • 2005 RDL

  • 2000 RDL

When you upload a report definition to the report server by using Report Manager, the report server preserves the report definition in the original format. On first use, the report server upgrades the report in the report server database to a binary format that is preserved for subsequent views. The report definition itself is not upgraded. From Report Manager on the General Properties page for the report, you can extract a read-only copy of the report definition in the original format. For more information, see Extract, Update, or Edit the Source File of a Published Report Definition (Report Manager).

Note Note

To upgrade the report definition, you must open the report in a report authoring environment and then save it.

For more information about report upgrades and the schema versions that are supported, see Upgrade Reports.

Report authoring environments include Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) projects, Report Designer in Visual Studio and, and Report Builder. Report authoring environments provide a variety of support for report upgrade, report design, report preview in local mode, report preview on the report server, and report deployment. For more information about feature support, see Comparing Report Authoring Environments.

Note Note

In SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services (SSRS), SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) can author reports in both the 2010 and 2008 RDL schema. For more information, see Deployment and Version Support in SQL Server Data Tools (SSRS).

The following table summarizes support for authoring and deploying report definitions for different schema versions:

Product

Authoring environment

Author RDL version

Deploy RDL version

Deploy to report server versions

SQL Server 2012

Report Designer in a SQL Server Data Tools

2000 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2005 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2008 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2010 RDL

2008 RDL

2010 RDL

SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services

SQL Server 2008 R2 Reporting Services

SQL Server 2008 R2

Report Designer in a SQL Server Data Tools

2000 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2005 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2008 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2010 RDL

2008 RDL

2010 RDL

SQL Server 2008 R2 Reporting Services

SQL Server 2008 Reporting Services

SQL Server 2008

Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools

2000 RDL, upgrades to 2008 RDL

2005 RDL, upgrades to 2008 RDL

2008 RDL

2008 RDL

SQL Server 2008 Reporting Services

SQL Server 2005

Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools

2000 RDL, upgrades to 2005 RDL

2005 RDL

2005 RDL

SQL Server 2008 Reporting Services

SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services

Report Builder 3.0

Report Builder 3.0

2000 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2005 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2008 RDL, upgrades to 2010 RDL

2010 RDL

2010 RDL

SQL Server 2008 R2 Reporting Services

Visual Studio 2005 or Visual Studio 2008

Report Designer

2005 RDLC

N/A

N/A

A ReportViewer control in visual Studio can display a report in local preview or can display a report on a report server. The following table provides the list of report schema versions that a report viewer control can display:

Product

Local preview

Server version for server mode

Visual Studio 2010

2010 RDL

SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services:

2010 RDL

2008 RDL

2005 RDL

Visual Studio 2005 or Visual Studio 2008

2005 RDL

SQL Server 2008 R2 Reporting Services:

2010 RDL

2008 RDL

2005 RDL

2000 RDL

Visual Studio 2005 or Visual Studio 2008

2005 RDL

SQL Server 2008 Reporting Services:

2008 RDL

2005 RDL

2000 RDL

Visual Studio 2005 or Visual Studio 2008

2005 RDL

SQL Server 2005 Reporting Services:

2005 RDL

2000 RDL

For more information, see Reporting Services and ReportViewer Controls in Visual Studio.

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