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basic_string::find_first_of

Searches through a string for the first character that matches any element of a specified string.

size_type find_first_of(
    value_type _Ch, 
    size_type _Off = 0
) const;
size_type find_first_of(
    const value_type* _Ptr,
    size_type _Off = 0
) const;
size_type find_first_of(
    const value_type* _Ptr, 
    size_type _Off,
    size_type _Count
) const;
size_type find_first_of(
    const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str,
    size_type _Off = 0
) const;

_Ch

The character value for which the member function is to search.

_Off

Index of the position at which the search is to begin.

_Ptr

The C-string for which the member function is to search.

_Count

The number of characters, counting forward from the first character, in the C-string for which the member function is to search.

_Str

The string for which the member function is to search.

The index of the first character of the substring searched for when successful; otherwise npos.

// basic_string_find_first_of.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <string>
#include <iostream>

int main( ) 
{
   using namespace std;

   // The first member function
   // searches for a single character in a string
   string str1 ( "abcd-1234-abcd-1234" );
   cout << "The original string str1 is: " << str1 << endl;
   basic_string <char>::size_type indexCh1a, indexCh1b;
   static const basic_string <char>::size_type npos = -1;

   indexCh1a = str1.find_first_of ( "d" , 5 );
   if ( indexCh1a != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 1st 'd' found after the 5th"
           << " position in str1 is: " << indexCh1a << endl;
   else
      cout << "The character 'd' was not found in str1 ." << endl;

   indexCh1b = str1.find_first_of ( "x" );
   if ( indexCh1b != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 'x' found in str1 is: " 
           << indexCh1b << endl << endl;
   else
      cout << "The character 'x' was not found in str1."
           << endl << endl;

   // The second member function searches a string
   // for any element of a substring as specified by a C-string
   string str2 ( "ABCD-1234-ABCD-1234" );
   cout << "The original string str2 is: " << str2 << endl;
   basic_string <char>::size_type indexCh2a, indexCh2b;

   const char *cstr2 = "B1";
   indexCh2a = str2.find_first_of ( cstr2 , 6 );
   if ( indexCh2a != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 1st occurrence of an "
           << "element of 'B1' in str2 after\n the 6th "
           << "position is: " << indexCh2a << endl;
   else
      cout << "Elements of the substring 'B1' were not "
           << "found in str2 after the 10th position."
           << endl;

   const char *cstr2b = "D2";
   indexCh2b = str2.find_first_of ( cstr2b );
   if ( indexCh2b != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 1st element of 'D2' "
           << "after\n the 0th position in str2 is: "
           << indexCh2b << endl << endl;
   else
      cout << "The substring 'D2' was not found in str2 ." 
           << endl << endl << endl;

   // The third member function searches a string
   // for any element of a substring as specified by a C-string
   string str3 ( "123-abc-123-abc-456-EFG-456-EFG" );
   cout << "The original string str3 is: " << str3 << endl;
   basic_string <char>::size_type indexCh3a, indexCh3b;

   const char *cstr3a = "5G";
   indexCh3a = str3.find_first_of ( cstr3a );
   if ( indexCh3a != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 1st occurrence of an "
           << "element of '5G' in str3 after\n the 0th "
           << "position is: " << indexCh3a << endl;
   else
      cout << "Elements of the substring '5G' were not "
           << "found in str3\n after the 0th position."
           << endl;

   const char *cstr3b = "5GF";
   indexCh3b = str3.find_first_of  ( cstr3b , indexCh3a + 1 , 2 );
   if (indexCh3b != npos )
      cout << "The index of the second occurrence of an "
           << "element of '5G' in str3\n after the 0th "
           << "position is: " << indexCh3b << endl << endl;
   else
      cout << "Elements of the substring '5G' were not "
           << "found in str3\n after the first occurrrence."
           << endl << endl;

   // The fourth member function searches a string
   // for any element of a substring as specified by a string
   string str4 ( "12-ab-12-ab" );
   cout << "The original string str4 is: " << str4 << endl;
   basic_string <char>::size_type indexCh4a, indexCh4b;

   string str4a ( "ba3" );
   indexCh4a = str4.find_first_of ( str4a , 5 );
   if ( indexCh4a != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 1st occurrence of an "
           << "element of 'ba3' in str4 after\n the 5th "
           << "position is: " << indexCh4a << endl;
   else
      cout << "Elements of the substring 'ba3' were not "
           << "found in str4\n after the 0th position."
           << endl;

   string str4b ( "a2" );
   indexCh4b = str4.find_first_of ( str4b );
   if ( indexCh4b != npos )
      cout << "The index of the 1st occurrence of an "
           << "element of 'a2' in str4 after\n the 0th "
           << "position is: " << indexCh4b << endl;
   else
      cout << "Elements of the substring 'a2' were not "
           << "found in str4\n after the 0th position."
           << endl;
}
The original string str1 is: abcd-1234-abcd-1234
The index of the 1st 'd' found after the 5th position in str1 is: 13
The character 'x' was not found in str1.

The original string str2 is: ABCD-1234-ABCD-1234
The index of the 1st occurrence of an element of 'B1' in str2 after
 the 6th position is: 11
The index of the 1st element of 'D2' after
 the 0th position in str2 is: 3

The original string str3 is: 123-abc-123-abc-456-EFG-456-EFG
The index of the 1st occurrence of an element of '5G' in str3 after
 the 0th position is: 17
The index of the second occurrence of an element of '5G' in str3
 after the 0th position is: 22

The original string str4 is: 12-ab-12-ab
The index of the 1st occurrence of an element of 'ba3' in str4 after
 the 5th position is: 9
The index of the 1st occurrence of an element of 'a2' in str4 after
 the 0th position is: 1

Header: <string>

Namespace: std

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