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Compiler Error CS1651

Fields of static readonly field 'identifier' cannot be passed ref or out (except in a static constructor)

This error occurs if you pass a variable to a function that is a member of a static readonly field as a ref argument. Since ref parameters may be modified by the function, this is not allowed. To resolve this error, remove the readonly keyword on the field, or do not pass the members of the readonly field to the function. For example, you might try creating a temporary variable which can be modifed and passing the temporary as a ref argument, as shown in the following example.

The following sample generates CS1651:

// CS1651.cs
public struct Inner
  {
    public int i;
  }

class Outer
{  
  public static readonly Inner inner = new Inner();
}

class D
{
   static void f(ref int iref)
   {
   }

   static void Main()
   {
      f(ref Outer.inner.i);  // CS1651
      // Try this instead:
      // int tmp = Outer.inner.i;
      // f(ref tmp);
   }
}

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