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Thread.Sleep Method (Int32)

Suspends the current thread for a specified time.

Namespace: System.Threading
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static void Sleep (
	int millisecondsTimeout
)
public static void Sleep (
	int millisecondsTimeout
)
public static function Sleep (
	millisecondsTimeout : int
)
Not applicable.

Parameters

millisecondsTimeout

The number of milliseconds for which the thread is blocked. Specify zero (0) to indicate that this thread should be suspended to allow other waiting threads to execute. Specify Infinite to block the thread indefinitely.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The time-out value is negative and is not equal to Infinite.

The thread will not be scheduled for execution by the operating system for the amount of time specified. This method changes the state of the thread to include WaitSleepJoin.

This method does not perform standard COM and SendMessage pumping.

NoteNote:

If you need to sleep on a thread that has STAThreadAttribute, but you want to perform standard COM and SendMessage pumping, consider using one of the overloads of the Join method that specifies a timeout interval.

The following code example demonstrates a sleeping thread.

using System;
using System.Threading;

class ApartmentTest
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Thread newThread = 
            new Thread(new ThreadStart(ThreadMethod));
        newThread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.MTA);

        // The following line is ignored since 
        // ApartmentState can only be set once.
        newThread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);

        Console.WriteLine("ThreadState: {0}, ApartmentState: {1}", 
            newThread.ThreadState, newThread.ApartmentState);

        newThread.Start();

        // Wait for newThread to start and go to sleep.
        Thread.Sleep(300);
        try
        {
            // This causes an exception since newThread is sleeping.
            newThread.SetApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
        }
        catch(ThreadStateException stateException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("\n{0} caught:\n" +
                "Thread is not in the Unstarted or Running state.", 
                stateException.GetType().Name);
            Console.WriteLine("ThreadState: {0}, ApartmentState: {1}",
                newThread.ThreadState, newThread.GetApartmentState());
        }
    }

    static void ThreadMethod()
    {
        Thread.Sleep(1000);
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.Threading.*;
import System.Threading.Thread;    

class ApartmentTest
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Thread newThread = new Thread(new ThreadStart(ThreadMethod));

        newThread.set_ApartmentState(ApartmentState.MTA);

        // The following line is ignored since 
        // ApartmentState can only be set once.
        newThread.set_ApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
        Console.WriteLine("ThreadState: {0}, ApartmentState: {1}",
                        newThread.get_ThreadState(),
                        newThread.get_ApartmentState());
        newThread.Start();

        // Wait for newThread to start and go to sleep.
        Thread.Sleep(300);
        try {
            // This causes an exception since newThread is sleeping.
            newThread.set_ApartmentState(ApartmentState.STA);
        }
        catch (ThreadStateException stateException) {
            Console.WriteLine("\n{0} caught:\n" + 
                "Thread is not in the Unstarted or Running state.", 
                stateException.GetType().get_Name());
            Console.WriteLine("ThreadState: {0}, ApartmentState: {1}",
                newThread.get_ThreadState(),newThread.get_ApartmentState());
        }
    } //main

    static void ThreadMethod()
    {
        Thread.Sleep(1000);
    } //ThreadMethod
} //ApartmentTest

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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