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Byte.Parse Method (String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider)

Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its Byte equivalent.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Function Parse ( _
	s As String, _
	style As NumberStyles, _
	provider As IFormatProvider _
) As Byte

Parameters

s
Type: System.String

A string that contains a number to convert. The string is interpreted using the style specified by style.

style
Type: System.Globalization.NumberStyles

A bitwise combination of enumeration values that indicates the style elements that can be present in s. A typical value to specify is NumberStyles.Integer.

provider
Type: System.IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific information about the format of s. If provider is Nothing, the thread current culture is used.

Return Value

Type: System.Byte
A byte value that is equivalent to the number contained in s.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

s is Nothing.

FormatException

s is not of the correct format.

OverflowException

s represents a number less than Byte.MinValue or greater than Byte.MaxValue.

-or-

s includes non-zero, fractional digits.

ArgumentException

style is not a NumberStyles value.

-or-

style is not a combination of NumberStyles.AllowHexSpecifier and NumberStyles.HexNumber values.

The style parameter defines the style elements (such as white space or the positive sign) that are allowed in the s parameter for the parse operation to succeed. It must be a combination of bit flags from the NumberStyles enumeration. Depending on the value of style, the s parameter may include the following elements:

[ws][$][sign]digits[.fractional_digits][e[sign]digits][ws]

Or, if the style parameter includes AllowHexSpecifier:

[ws]hexdigits[ws]

Elements in square brackets ([ and ]) are optional. The following table describes each element.

Element

Description

ws

Optional white space. White space can appear at the beginning of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowLeadingWhite flag, or at the end of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowTrailingWhite flag.

$

A culture-specific currency symbol. Its position in the string is defined by the NumberFormatInfo.CurrencyPositivePattern property of the NumberFormatInfo object returned by the GetFormat method of the provider parameter. The currency symbol can appear in s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowCurrencySymbol flag.

sign

An optional positive sign. (The method throws an OverflowException if a negative sign is present in s.) The sign can appear at the beginning of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowLeadingSign flag, or at the end of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowTrailingSign flag.

digits

A sequence of digits from 0 through 9.

.

A culture-specific decimal point symbol. The decimal point symbol of the culture specified by provider can appear in s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint flag.

fractional_digits

One or more occurrences of the digit 0. Fractional digits can appear in s only if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint flag.

e

The e or E character, which indicates that the value is represented in exponential notation. The s parameter can represent a number in exponential notation if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowExponent flag.

hexdigits

A sequence of hexadecimal digits from 0 through f, or 0 through F.

A string with decimal digits only (which corresponds to the NumberStyles.None style) always parses successfully. Most of the remaining NumberStyles members control elements that may be but are not required to be present in this input string. The following table indicates how individual NumberStyles members affect the elements that may be present in s.

Non-composite NumberStyles values

Elements permitted in s in addition to digits

NumberStyles.None

Decimal digits only.

NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint

The . and fractional_digits elements. However, fractional_digits must consist of only one or more 0 digits or an OverflowException is thrown.

NumberStyles.AllowExponent

The s parameter can also use exponential notation.

NumberStyles.AllowLeadingWhite

The ws element at the beginning of s.

NumberStyles.AllowTrailingWhite

The ws element at the end of s.

NumberStyles.AllowLeadingSign

A positive sign can appear before digits.

NumberStyles.AllowTrailingSign

A positive sign can appear after digits.

NumberStyles.AllowParentheses

Although this flag is supported, the use of parentheses in s results in an OverflowException.

NumberStyles.AllowThousands

Although the group separator symbol can appear in s, it can be preceded by only one or more 0 digits.

NumberStyles.AllowCurrencySymbol

The $ element.

If the NumberStyles.AllowHexSpecifier flag is used, s must be a hexadecimal value. The only other flags that can be present in style are NumberStyles.AllowLeadingWhite and NumberStyles.AllowTrailingWhite. (The NumberStyles enumeration has a composite number style, NumberStyles.HexNumber, that includes both white space flags.)

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation, such as a NumberFormatInfo or CultureInfo object. The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information used in parsing. If provider is Nothing, the thread current culture is used.

The following code example parses string representations of Byte values with this overload of the Byte.Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider) method.

Dim style As NumberStyles
Dim culture As CultureInfo
Dim value As String 
Dim number As Byte 

' Parse number with decimals. 
' NumberStyles.Float includes NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint.
style = NumberStyles.Float       
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-FR")
value = "12,000"

number = Byte.Parse(value, style, culture)
Console.WriteLine("Converted '{0}' to {1}.", value, number)

culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")
Try
   number = Byte.Parse(value, style, culture)
   Console.WriteLine("Converted '{0}' to {1}.", value, number)
Catch e As FormatException
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to parse '{0}'.", value)   
End Try      

value = "12.000"
number = Byte.Parse(value, style, culture)
Console.WriteLine("Converted '{0}' to {1}.", value, number)
' The example displays the following output to the console: 
'       Converted '12,000' to 12. 
'       Unable to parse '12,000'. 
'       Converted '12.000' to 12.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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