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Brushes and Filled Shapes

A closed shape, such as a rectangle or an ellipse, consists of an outline and an interior. The outline is drawn with a pen and the interior is filled with a brush. GDI+ provides several brush classes for filling the interiors of closed shapes: SolidBrush, HatchBrush, TextureBrush, and GradientBrush. All of these classes inherit from the Brush class. The following illustration shows a rectangle filled with a solid brush and an ellipse filled with a hatch brush.

Solid Brushes

To fill a closed shape, you need a Graphics object and a Brush object. The Graphics object provides methods, such as FillRectangle and FillEllipse, and the Brush object stores attributes of the fill, such as color and pattern. The Brush object is passed as one of the arguments to the fill method. The following example fills an ellipse with a solid red color:

Dim mySolidBrush As New SolidBrush(Color.Red)
myGraphics.FillEllipse(mySolidBrush, 0, 0, 60, 40)
[C#]
SolidBrush mySolidBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.Red);
myGraphics.FillEllipse(mySolidBrush, 0, 0, 60, 40);

Note that in the preceding example, the brush is of type SolidBrush, which inherits from Brush.

Hatch Brushes

When you fill a shape with a hatch brush, you specify a foreground color, a background color, and a hatch style. The foreground color is the color of the hatching.

Dim myHatchBrush As _
   New HatchBrush(HatchStyle.Vertical, Color.Blue, Color.Green)
[C#]
HatchBrush myHatchBrush = 
   new HatchBrush(HatchStyle.Vertical, Color.Blue, Color.Green);

GDI+ provides more than 50 hatch styles; the three styles shown in the following illustration are Horizontal, ForwardDiagonal, and Cross.

Texture Brushes

With a texture brush, you can fill a shape with a pattern stored in a bitmap. For example, suppose the following picture is stored in a disk file named MyTexture.bmp.

The following example fills an ellipse by repeating the picture stored in MyTexture.bmp:

Dim myImage As Image = Image.FromFile("MyTexture.bmp")
Dim myTextureBrush As New TextureBrush(myImage)
myGraphics.FillEllipse(myTextureBrush, 0, 0, 100, 50)
[C#]
Image myImage = Image.FromFile("MyTexture.bmp");
TextureBrush myTextureBrush = new TextureBrush(myImage);
myGraphics.FillEllipse(myTextureBrush, 0, 0, 100, 50);

The following illustration shows the filled ellipse.

Gradient Brushes

GDI+ provides two kinds of gradient brushes: linear and path. You can use a linear gradient brush to fill a shape with color that changes gradually as you move across the shape horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. The following example fills an ellipse with a horizontal gradient brush that changes from blue to green as you move from the left edge of the ellipse to the right edge:

Dim myLinearGradientBrush As New LinearGradientBrush( _
   myRectangle, _
   Color.Blue, _
   Color.Green, _
   LinearGradientMode.Horizontal)
myGraphics.FillEllipse(myLinearGradientBrush, myRectangle)
[C#]
LinearGradientBrush myLinearGradientBrush = new LinearGradientBrush(
   myRectangle,
   Color.Blue,
   Color.Green,
   LinearGradientMode.Horizontal);
myGraphics.FillEllipse(myLinearGradientBrush, myRectangle);

The following illustration shows the filled ellipse.

A path gradient brush can be configured to change color as you move from the center of a shape toward the edge.

Path gradient brushes are quite flexible. The gradient brush used to fill the triangle in the following illustration changes gradually from red at the center to each of three different colors at the vertices.

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