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Type::GetConstructor Method (BindingFlags, Binder, CallingConventions, array<Type>, array<ParameterModifier>)

Searches for a constructor whose parameters match the specified argument types and modifiers, using the specified binding constraints and the specified calling convention.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public:
virtual ConstructorInfo^ GetConstructor(
	BindingFlags bindingAttr, 
	Binder^ binder, 
	CallingConventions callConvention, 
	array<Type^>^ types, 
	array<ParameterModifier>^ modifiers
) sealed

Parameters

bindingAttr
Type: System.Reflection::BindingFlags
A bitmask comprised of one or more BindingFlags that specify how the search is conducted.
-or-
Zero, to return nullptr.
binder
Type: System.Reflection::Binder
An object that defines a set of properties and enables binding, which can involve selection of an overloaded method, coercion of argument types, and invocation of a member through reflection.
-or-
A null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic), to use the DefaultBinder.
callConvention
Type: System.Reflection::CallingConventions
The object that specifies the set of rules to use regarding the order and layout of arguments, how the return value is passed, what registers are used for arguments, and the stack is cleaned up.
types
Type: array<System::Type>
An array of Type objects representing the number, order, and type of the parameters for the constructor to get.
-or-
An empty array of the type Type (that is, Type[] types = new Type[0]) to get a constructor that takes no parameters.
modifiers
Type: array<System.Reflection::ParameterModifier>
An array of ParameterModifier objects representing the attributes associated with the corresponding element in the types array. The default binder does not process this parameter.

Return Value

Type: System.Reflection::ConstructorInfo
An object representing the constructor that matches the specified requirements, if found; otherwise, nullptr.

Implements

_Type::GetConstructor(BindingFlags, Binder, CallingConventions, array<Type>, array<ParameterModifier>)
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

types is nullptr.

-or-

One of the elements in types is nullptr.

ArgumentException

types is multidimensional.

-or-

modifiers is multidimensional.

-or-

types and modifiers do not have the same length.

Although the default binder does not process ParameterModifier (the modifiers parameter), you can use the abstract System.Reflection::Binder class to write a custom binder that does process modifiers. ParameterModifier is only used when calling through COM interop, and only parameters that are passed by reference are handled.

If an exact match does not exist, the binder will attempt to coerce the parameter types specified in the types array in order to select a match. If the binder is unable to select a match, then nullptr is returned.

The following BindingFlags filter flags can be used to define which constructors to include in the search:

  • You must specify either BindingFlags.Instance or BindingFlags.Static in order to get a return.

  • Specify BindingFlags.Public to include public constructors in the search.

  • Specify BindingFlags.NonPublic to include non-public constructors (that is, private, internal, and protected constructors) in the search.

See System.Reflection::BindingFlags for more information.

To get the class initializer (.cctor) using this method, you must specify BindingFlags::Static | BindingFlags::NonPublic (BindingFlags::Static Or BindingFlags::NonPublic in Visual Basic). You can also get the class initializer using the TypeInitializer property.

The following table shows what members of a base class are returned by the Get methods when reflecting on a type.

Member Type

Static

Non-Static

Constructor

No

No

Field

No

Yes. A field is always hide-by-name-and-signature.

Event

Not applicable

The common type system rule is that the inheritance is the same as that of the methods that implement the property. Reflection treats properties as hide-by-name-and-signature. See note 2 below.

Method

No

Yes. A method (both virtual and non-virtual) can be hide-by-name or hide-by-name-and-signature.

Nested Type

No

No

Property

Not applicable

The common type system rule is that the inheritance is the same as that of the methods that implement the property. Reflection treats properties as hide-by-name-and-signature. See note 2 below.

  1. Hide-by-name-and-signature considers all of the parts of the signature, including custom modifiers, return types, parameter types, sentinels, and unmanaged calling conventions. This is a binary comparison.

  2. For reflection, properties and events are hide-by-name-and-signature. If you have a property with both a get and a set accessor in the base class, but the derived class has only a get accessor, the derived class property hides the base class property, and you will not be able to access the setter on the base class.

  3. Custom attributes are not part of the common type system.

NoteNote

You cannot omit parameters when looking up constructors and methods. You can only omit parameters when invoking.

If the current Type represents a constructed generic type, this method returns the ConstructorInfo with the type parameters replaced by the appropriate type arguments. If the current Type represents a type parameter in the definition of a generic type or generic method, this method always returns nullptr.

The following example obtains the type of MyClass1, gets the ConstructorInfo object that matches the specified binding flags, and displays the constructor signature.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
public ref class MyClass1
{
public:
   MyClass1( int i ){}

};

int main()
{
   try
   {
      Type^ myType = MyClass1::typeid;
      array<Type^>^types = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      types[ 0 ] = int::typeid;

      // Get the public instance constructor that takes an integer parameter.
      ConstructorInfo^ constructorInfoObj = myType->GetConstructor( static_cast<BindingFlags>(BindingFlags::Instance | BindingFlags::Public), nullptr, CallingConventions::HasThis, types, nullptr );
      if ( constructorInfoObj != nullptr )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "The constructor of MyClass1 that is a public instance method and takes an integer as a parameter is: " );
         Console::WriteLine( constructorInfoObj );
      }
      else
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "The constructor of MyClass1 that is a public instance method and takes an integer as a parameter is not available." );
      }
   }
   catch ( ArgumentNullException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "ArgumentNullException: {0}", e->Message );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "ArgumentException: {0}", e->Message );
   }
   catch ( SecurityException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "SecurityException: {0}", e->Message );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception: {0}", e->Message );
   }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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