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Transport-Neutral Encapsulation Format (TNEF)

Last modified: March 12, 2013

Applies to: Outlook

TNEF is a format for converting a set of MAPI properties—a MAPI message—into a serial data stream. The TNEF functions are primarily used by transport providers that need to encode MAPI message properties for transmission through a messaging system that does not support those properties directly. For example, an SMTP-based transport uses TNEF to encode properties like PR_SENT_REPRESENTING_NAME (PidTagSentRepresentingName), which do not have direct representations in the structure of an SMTP message.

The TNEF implementation defines several TNEF-specific attributes, each of which corresponds to a particular MAPI property. These attributes are used to encode their respective MAPI properties into the TNEF stream. In addition, a special attribute is defined that can be used to encapsulate any MAPI property that does not have a specific attribute corresponding to it. The reason these attributes are defined — instead of simply using a uniform encoding method for all MAPI properties — is to enable backward compatibility with non-MAPI-compliant software that is using TNEF.

The remainder of this section describes the structure and syntax of a TNEF stream, the mapping between MAPI properties and TNEF attributes, and important considerations for certain TNEF attributes.

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