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IMAPIStatus::ValidateState

Last modified: July 23, 2011

Applies to: Outlook

Confirms the external status information available for the MAPI resource or the service provider. This method is supported in all status objects.

HRESULT ValidateState(
  ULONG_PTR ulUIParam,
  ULONG ulFlags
);

ulUIParam

[in] A handle to the parent window of any dialog boxes or windows that this method displays.

ulFlags

[in] A bitmask of flags that controls the validation. The following flags can be set:

ABORT_XP_HEADER_OPERATION

The user canceled the operation, typically by clicking the Cancel button in the corresponding dialog box. The status object has two options:

  • Continue working on the operation.

  • Stop the operation and return MAPI_E_USER_CANCELED.

CONFIG_CHANGED

One or more of the status object's configuration properties changed. Clients can set this flag to allow the MAPI spooler to dynamically correct critical transport provider failures.

FORCE_XP_CONNECT

The status object should perform a connection. When this flag is used with the REFRESH_XP_HEADER_CACHE or PROCESS_XP_HEADER_CACHE flag, the connection occurs without caching.

FORCE_XP_DISCONNECT

The status object should perform a disconnect operation. When this flag is used with the REFRESH_XP_HEADER_CACHE or PROCESS_XP_HEADER_CACHE flag, the disconnection occurs without caching.

PROCESS_XP_HEADER_CACHE

Entries in the header cache table should be processed, all messages marked with the MSGSTATUS_REMOTE_DOWNLOAD flag should be downloaded, and all messages marked with the MSGSTATUS_REMOTE_DELETE flag should be deleted. Messages that have both MSGSTATUS_REMOTE_DOWNLOAD and MSGSTATUS_REMOTE_DELETE set should be moved.

REFRESH_XP_HEADER_CACHE

For a remote transport provider, a new list of message headers should be downloaded and all flags that mark message status should be cleared.

SUPPRESS_UI

Prevents the status object from displaying a user interface as part of the operation.

S_OK

The validation was successful.

MAPI_E_BUSY

Another operation is in progress; it should be allowed to complete, or it should be stopped, before this operation is initiated.

MAPI_E_NO_SUPPORT

The status object does not support the validation method, as indicated by the absence of the STATUS_VALIDATE_STATE flag in the PR_RESOURCE_METHODS (PidTagResourceMethods) property.

MAPI_E_USER_CANCEL

The user canceled the validation operation, typically by clicking the Cancel button in a dialog box. This value is returned only by remote transport providers.

The IMAPIStatus::ValidateState method checks the state of a resource that is associated with a status object. ValidateState is the only method in the IMAPIStatus interface that is required for all status objects. The exact behavior of this method depends on the implementation. The following table describes the implementation of each of the different types of status objects.

Status object

ValidateState implementation

MAPI subsystem

Validates the state of all the resources that the currently active service providers and the subsystem itself own.

MAPI spooler

Performs a logon of all transport providers, regardless of whether they are already logged on.

MAPI address book

Checks the entries in its profile section.

Service provider

Implementation depends on the type of provider and the flags set in the ulFlags parameter.

Remote client applications call the ValidateState method to start remote processing for various actions. This method exists primarily to set status bits to communicate with the MAPI spooler, instead of to actually do any work. Typically, the transport provider sets flags in its status row that indicate to the MAPI spooler what actions need to be initiated to complete the client's request. In this model of client-transport-spooler interaction, the actions requested by the client are asynchronous, in that ValidateState returns before the requested actions are complete. However, actions that do not necessarily involve the underlying messaging system, or that involve a transport-specific interface, can be synchronous. The client application passes in a bitmask of the following flags to specify which actions the remote transport provider should take.

ABORT_XP_HEADER_OPERATION

If possible, the remote transport provider should cancel any operations that involve downloading headers. To do this, the transport provider must set the following property values in the logon object's status row:

  • Clear the STATUS_INBOUND_ENABLED and STATUS_INBOUND_ACTIVE bits in the PR_STATUS_CODE (PidTagStatusCode) property to tell the MAPI spooler to halt the incoming flush process for this transport provider.

  • Set the STATUS_OFFLINE bit in the PR_STATUS_CODE property.

  • Set the PR_REMOTE_VALIDATE_OK (PidTagRemoteValidateOk) property to TRUE.

  • Set the PR_STATUS_STRING (PidTagStatusString) property to a string that indicates the transport provider's status to the user.

  • Return S_OK. However, if the operation in progress cannot be canceled, ValidateState should return MAPI_E_BUSY.

FORCE_XP_CONNECT

A remote transport provider should never establish a connection to a shared resource (for example, a modem or COM port) outside the context of the MAPI spooler-transport interaction involved in the IXPLogon::FlushQueues method. If ValidateState is called with this flag, your transport provider should do the following:

  • Set an internal status flag to indicate that the remote connection must be established when the IXPLogon::FlushQueues method is called.

  • Set the correct values in the status table to cause the MAPI spooler to initiate the queue flushing process.

  • When flushing of queues is complete, release the shared resource.

  • Clear the STATUS_OFFLINE bit in the PR_STATUS_CODE property.

  • Return S_OK.

FORCE_XP_DISCONNECT

The remote transport provider should release its connection to the messaging system resources. After doing this, it should set the STATUS_OFFLINE bit in the PR_STATUS_CODE property and return S_OK.

PROCESS_XP_HEADER_CACHE

The remote transport provider should process remote messages and upload any messages that have been deferred. To do this, the transport provider must set the following property values in the logon object's status row:

  • Set the PR_STATUS_STRING property to a string that indicates the transport provider's status to the user.

  • Set the STATUS_OUTBOUND_ENABLED and STATUS_OUTBOUND_ACTIVE bits in the PR_STATUS_CODE property.

  • Set the PR_REMOTE_VALIDATE_OK property in the transport provider's status row to FALSE.

  • If another operation is in progress (such as downloading headers) when ValidateState is called, ValidateState should return MAPI_E_BUSY.

  • Execute the code for processing the REFRESH_XP_HEADER_CACHE flag, as well, to satisfy requirements of the Microsoft Exchange client.

REFRESH_XP_HEADER_CACHE

The remote transport provider should retrieve any new message headers from the messaging system. To do this, the transport provider must do the following:

  • Set the PR_STATUS_STRING property to a string that indicates the transport provider's status to the user.

  • Set the STATUS_INBOUND_ENABLED and STATUS_INBOUND_ACTIVE bits in the PR_STATUS_CODE property.

  • Clear the STATUS_OFFLINE bit in the PR_STATUS_CODE property.

  • Set the STATUS_ONLINE bit in the PR_STATUS_CODE property.

  • Set the PR_REMOTE_VALIDATE_OK property in the transport provider's status row to FALSE.

SHOW_XP_SESSION_UI

If your transport provider has any pieces of user interface for processing the message headers (such as a dialog box that confirms the downloading of messages), that dialog box should be displayed. Otherwise, ValidateState can return MAPI_E_NO_SUPPORT.

If any flags other than these are passed in, ValidateState should return MAPI_E_UNKNOWN_FLAGS.

The client's call to the transport provider will often be to the IMAPIStatus::ValidateState method. During the processing of ValidateState, the transport provider should not perform any actions that allocate scarce system resources, such as a modem or COM port. This is because the MAPI spooler will sometimes need to flush queues on more than one transport provider. However, the client can call any transport provider's ValidateState method at any time. If your transport provider attempts to allocate a scarce resource during the processing of ValidateState, an error can result due to conflict with another transport provider that the MAPI spooler has instructed to flush its queues. If you allow all scarce resource allocations to occur under the direction of the MAPI spooler, you can avoid such conflicts. Your transport provider should support the PR_REMOTE_VALIDATE_OK property so client applications can detect when your transport provider is busy or waiting for the MAPI spooler to initiate an action.

Because this method can cause other potentially lengthy calls to be made, ValidateState can return MAPI_E_BUSY to inform you that this method is waiting for the completion of another operation. You should wait until the pending operation is complete before attempting another task.

You have the most control over your calls to transport provider status objects. You can pass one or more flags to ValidateState that affect the transport provider's operations. For example, the ABORT_XP_HEADER_OPERATION flag indicates that the user canceled the validation. Transport providers can decide to abort, returning MAPI_E_USER_CANCELED, or can continue.

You can set the CONFIG_CHANGED flag on a call to either the status object of a service provider or the MAPI spooler to indicate that a configuration option has been changed. You can use CONFIG_CHANGED to dynamically reconfigure a transport provider. When you set CONFIG_CHANGED on a call to a service provider's status object, the provider responds with a call to IMAPISupport::SpoolerNotify to alert the MAPI spooler of the change. When you set CONFIG_CHANGED on a call to the MAPI spooler's status object, the spooler calls IXPLogon::AddressTypes for each active transport provider. AddressTypes informs the MAPI spooler of a transport's supported address types. Some service providers also display a progress indicator if the validation is expected to take a long time. Displaying a progress indicator is helpful, but not required.

When the SUPPRESS_UI flag is set, none of the configuration property sheets or progress dialog boxes can be displayed.

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