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How to: Aggregate Data (Entity Framework)

An aggregation operation computes a single value from a collection of values. An example of an aggregation operation is calculating the average daily temperature from a month's worth of daily temperature values. This topic shows how to group orders by contact ID and get the average total due for each contact ID.

The same example is shown using each of the following Entity Framework query technologies:

The examples in this topic are based on the Adventure Works Sales Model. To run the code in this example, you must have already added the AdventureWorks Sales Model to your project and configured your project to use the Entity Framework. To do this, complete the procedures in How to: Manually Configure an Entity Framework Project and How to: Manually Define an Entity Data Model (Entity Framework). You can also use the Entity Data Model Wizard to define the AdventureWorks Sales Model. For more information, see How to: Use the Entity Data Model Wizard (Entity Framework).

Example

The following is the LINQ to Entities example.

using (AdventureWorksEntities AWEntities = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectQuery<SalesOrderHeader> orders = AWEntities.SalesOrderHeader;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Average TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.averageTotalDue);
    }
}

The following is the Entity SQL example.

using (AdventureWorksEntities advWorksContext =
    new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    string esqlQuery = @"SELECT contactID, AVG(order.TotalDue) 
                            FROM AdventureWorksEntities.SalesOrderHeader 
                            AS order GROUP BY order.Contact.ContactID as contactID";

    try
    {
        foreach (DbDataRecord rec in
            new ObjectQuery<DbDataRecord>(esqlQuery, advWorksContext))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0}  Average TotalDue = {1} ",
                rec[0], rec[1]);
        }
    }
    catch (EntityException ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
    }
    catch (InvalidOperationException ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
    }
}

See Also

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