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sqlsrv_fetch_object

SQL Server 2008 R2

Retrieves the next row of data as a PHP object.


sqlsrv_fetch_object( resource $stmt [, string $className [, array $ctorParams[, row[, ]offset]]])

$stmt: A statement resource corresponding to an executed statement.

$className [OPTIONAL]: A string specifying the name of the class to instantiate. If a value for the $className parameter is not specified, an instance of the PHP stdClass is instantiated.

$ctorParams [OPTIONAL]: An array that contains values passed to the constructor of the class specified with the $className parameter. If the constructor of the specified class accepts parameter values, the $ctorParams parameter must be used when calling sqlsrv_fetch_object.

row [OPTIONAL]: One of the following values, specifying the row to access in a result set that uses a scrollable cursor. (If row is specified, $className and $ctorParams must be explicitly specified, even if you must specify null for $className and $ctorParams.)

  • SQLSRV_SCROLL_NEXT

  • SQLSRV_SCROLL_PRIOR

  • SQLSRV_SCROLL_FIRST

  • SQLSRV_SCROLL_LAST

  • SQLSRV_SCROLL_ABSOLUTE

  • SQLSRV_SCROLL_RELATIVE

For more information about these values, see Specifying a Cursor Type and Selecting Rows.

offset [OPTIONAL]: Used with SQLSRV_SCROLL_ABSOLUTE and SQLSRV_SCROLL_RELATIVE to specify the row to retrieve. The first record in the result set is 0.

A PHP object with properties that correspond to result set field names. Property values are populated with the corresponding result set field values. If the class specified with the optional $className parameter does not exist or if there is no active result set associated with the specified statement, false is returned. If there are no more rows to retrieve, null is returned.

The data type of a value in the returned object will be the default PHP data type. For information on default PHP data types, see Default PHP Data Types.

If a class name is specified with the optional $className parameter, an object of this class type is instantiated. If the class has properties whose names match the result set field names, the corresponding result set values are applied to the properties. If a result set field name does not match a class property, a property with the result set field name is added to the object and the result set value is applied to the property.

The following rules apply when specifying a class with the $className parameter:

  • Matching is case-sensitive. For example, the property name CustomerId does not match the field name CustomerID. In this case, a CustomerID property would be added to the object and the value of the CustomerID field would be given to the CustomerID property.

  • Matching occurs regardless of access modifiers. For example, if the specified class has a private property whose name matches a result set field name, the value from the result set field is applied to the property.

  • Class property data types are ignored. If the "CustomerID" field in the result set is a string but the "CustomerID" property of the class is an integer, the string value from the result set is written to the "CustomerID" property.

  • If the specified class does not exist, the function returns false and adds an error to the error collection. For information about retrieving error information, see sqlsrv_errors.

If a field with no name is returned, sqlsrv_fetch_object will discard the field value and issue a warning. For example, consider this Transact-SQL statement that inserts a value into a database table and retrieves the server-generated primary key:

INSERT INTO Production.ProductPhoto (LargePhoto) VALUES (?);

SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY()

If the results returned by this query are retrieved with sqlsrv_fetch_object, the value returned by SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY() will be discarded and a warning will be issued. To avoid this, you can specify a name for the returned field in the Transact-SQL statement. The following is one way to specify a column name in Transact-SQL:

SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY() AS PictureID

The following example retrieves each row of a result set as a PHP object. The example assumes that the SQL Server and the AdventureWorks database are installed on the local computer. All output is written to the console when the example is run from the command line.

<?php
/* Connect to the local server using Windows Authentication and
specify the AdventureWorks database as the database in use. */
$serverName = "(local)";
$connectionInfo = array( "Database"=>"AdventureWorks");
$conn = sqlsrv_connect( $serverName, $connectionInfo);
if( $conn === false )
{
     echo "Could not connect.\n";
     die( print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

/* Set up and execute the query. */
$tsql = "SELECT FirstName, LastName
         FROM Person.Contact
         WHERE LastName='Alan'";
$stmt = sqlsrv_query( $conn, $tsql);
if( $stmt === false )
{
     echo "Error in query preparation/execution.\n";
     die( print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

/* Retrieve each row as a PHP object and display the results.*/
while( $obj = sqlsrv_fetch_object( $stmt))
{
      echo $obj->LastName.", ".$obj->FirstName."\n";
}

/* Free statement and connection resources. */
sqlsrv_free_stmt( $stmt);
sqlsrv_close( $conn);
?>

The following example retrieves each row of a result set as an instance of the Product class defined in the script. The example retrieves product information from the Purchasing.PurchaseOrderDetail and Production.Product tables of the AdventureWorks database for products that have a specified due date (DueDate), and a stocked quantity (StockQty) less than a specified value. The example highlights some of the rules that apply when specifying a class in a call to sqlsrv_fetch_object:

  • The $product variable is an instance of the Product class, because "Product" was specified with the $className parameter and the Product class exists.

  • The Name property is added to the $product instance because the existing name property does not match.

  • The Color property is added to the $product instance because there is no matching property.

  • The private property UnitPrice is populated with the value of the UnitPrice field.

The example assumes that SQL Server and the AdventureWorks database are installed on the local computer. All output is written to the console when the example is run from the command line.

<?php
/* Define the Product class. */
class Product
{
     /* Constructor */
     public function Product($ID)
     {
          $this->objID = $ID;
     }
     public $objID;
     public $name;
     public $StockedQty;
     public $SafetyStockLevel;
     private $UnitPrice;
     function getPrice()
     {
          return $this->UnitPrice;
     }
}

/* Connect to the local server using Windows Authentication, and
specify the AdventureWorks database as the database in use. */
$serverName = "(local)";
$connectionInfo = array( "Database"=>"AdventureWorks");
$conn = sqlsrv_connect( $serverName, $connectionInfo);
if( $conn === false )
{
     echo "Could not connect.\n";
     die( print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

/* Define the query. */
$tsql = "SELECT Name,
                SafetyStockLevel,
                StockedQty,
                UnitPrice,
                Color
         FROM Purchasing.PurchaseOrderDetail AS pdo
         JOIN Production.Product AS p
         ON pdo.ProductID = p.ProductID
         WHERE pdo.StockedQty < ?
         AND pdo.DueDate= ?";

/* Set the parameter values. */
$params = array(3, '2002-01-29');

/* Execute the query. */
$stmt = sqlsrv_query( $conn, $tsql, $params);
if ( $stmt )
{
     echo "Statement executed.\n";
} 
else 
{
     echo "Error in statement execution.\n";
     die( print_r( sqlsrv_errors(), true));
}

/* Iterate through the result set, printing a row of data upon each
 iteration. Note the following:
     1) $product is an instance of the Product class.
     2) The $ctorParams parameter is required in the call to
        sqlsrv_fetch_object, because the Product class constructor is
        explicity defined and requires parameter values.
     3) The "Name" property is added to the $product instance because
        the existing "name" property does not match.
     4) The "Color" property is added to the $product instance
        because there is no matching property.
     5) The private property "UnitPrice" is populated with the value
        of the "UnitPrice" field.*/
$i=0; //Used as the $objID in the Product class constructor.
while( $product = sqlsrv_fetch_object( $stmt, "Product", array($i)))
{
     echo "Object ID: ".$product->objID."\n";
     echo "Product Name: ".$product->Name."\n";
     echo "Stocked Qty: ".$product->StockedQty."\n";
     echo "Safety Stock Level: ".$product->SafetyStockLevel."\n";
     echo "Product Color: ".$product->Color."\n";
     echo "Unit Price: ".$product->getPrice()."\n";
     echo "-----------------\n";
     $i++;
}

/* Free statement and connection resources. */
sqlsrv_free_stmt( $stmt);
sqlsrv_close( $conn);
?>

The sqlsrv_fetch_object function always returns data according to the Default PHP Data Types. For information about how to specify the PHP data type, see How to: Specify PHP Data Types.

If a field with no name is returned, sqlsrv_fetch_object will discard the field value and issue a warning. For example, consider this Transact-SQL statement that inserts a value into a database table and retrieves the server-generated primary key:

INSERT INTO Production.ProductPhoto (LargePhoto) VALUES (?);

SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY()

If the results returned by this query are retrieved with sqlsrv_fetch_object, the value returned by SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY() will be discarded and a warning will be issued. To avoid this, you can specify a name for the returned field in the Transact-SQL statement. The following is one way to specify a column name in Transact-SQL:

SELECT SCOPE_IDENTITY() AS PictureID

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