Export (0) Print
Expand All
2 out of 2 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

ConvertVirtualHardDisk method of the Msvm_ImageManagementService class

Hyper-V

Converts the type of an existing virtual hard disk.

Syntax


uint32 ConvertVirtualHardDisk(
  [in]   string SourcePath,
  [in]   string DestinationPath,
  [in]   uint16 Type,
  [out]  CIM_ConcreteJob REF Job
);

Parameters

SourcePath [in]

Type: string

A fully qualified path that specifies the location of the virtual hard disk file. This file will not be modified as a result of this operation.

DestinationPath [in]

Type: string

A fully qualified path that specifies the location of the destination virtual hard disk file.

Type [in]

Type: uint16

The type of the new virtual hard disk file.

Fixed (2)
Dynamic (3)
PhysicalDrive (5)
Job [out]

Type: CIM_ConcreteJob

A reference to the job (can be null if the task is completed).

Return value

Type: uint32

This method can return one of the following values.

Completed with No Error (0)
Method Parameters Checked - JobStarted (4096)
Failed (32768)
Access Denied (32769)
Not Supported (32770)
Status is unknown (32771)
Timeout (32772)
Invalid parameter (32773)
System is in use (32774)
Invalid state for this operation (32775)
Incorrect data type (32776)
System is not available (32777)
Out of memory (32778)
File Not Found (32779)

Remarks

Access to the Msvm_ImageManagementService class might be restricted by UAC Filtering. For more information, see User Account Control and WMI.

Examples

The following C# example converts a virtual hard disk. The referenced utilities can be found in Common Utilities for the Virtualization Samples.



using System;
using System.Management;

namespace HyperVSamples
{
    class ConvertVHD
    {
        enum DiskType
        {
            Fixed = 2,
            Dynamic = 3,
            PhysicalDrive = 5
        }
            
        static void ConvertVirtualHardDisk(string sourcePath, string destinationPath, string diskTypeName)
        {
            ManagementScope scope = new ManagementScope(@"root\virtualization", null);
            ManagementObject imageService = Utility.GetServiceObject(scope, "Msvm_ImageManagementService");
            DiskType diskType = (DiskType)Enum.Parse(typeof(DiskType), diskTypeName, true);

            ManagementBaseObject inParams = imageService.GetMethodParameters("ConvertVirtualHardDisk");
            inParams["SourcePath"] = sourcePath;
            inParams["DestinationPath"] = destinationPath;
            inParams["Type"] = diskType;
            ManagementBaseObject outParams = imageService.InvokeMethod("ConvertVirtualHardDisk", inParams, null);
            if ((UInt32)outParams["ReturnValue"] == ReturnCode.Started)
            {
                if (Utility.JobCompleted(outParams, scope))
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} was converted successfully.", inParams["SourcePath"]);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert {0}", inParams["SourcePath"]);
                }
            }

            inParams.Dispose();
            outParams.Dispose();
            imageService.Dispose();
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            if (args != null && args.Length != 3)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Usage: ConvertVHD SourcePath, DestinationPath, Type");
                Console.WriteLine("Type:Fixed|Dynamic|PhysicalDrive");
                return;
            }
            ConvertVirtualHardDisk(args[0], args[1], args[2]);
        }
    }
}


The following VBScript example converts a virtual hard disk.


option explicit
 
dim objWMIService
dim vhdPath
dim managementService
dim fileSystem


const JobStarting = 3
const JobRunning = 4
const JobCompleted = 7
const wmiStarted = 4096

'targetVHD type
const Fixed = 2
const Dynamic = 3
const PhysicalDrive = 5

Main()

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Main
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub Main()

    dim computer, objArgs, sourcePath, destinationPath, vhdTypeName

    set fileSystem = Wscript.CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

    computer = "."
    set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & computer & "\root\virtualization")
    set managementService = objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Msvm_ImageManagementService").ItemIndex(0)    

    set objArgs = WScript.Arguments
    if WScript.Arguments.Count = 3 then
       sourcePath = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(0)
       destinationPath = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(1)
       vhdTypeName = objArgs.Unnamed.Item(2)
    else
       Usage
    end if

    if ExecuteConvertVHD(sourcePath, destinationPath, vhdTypeName) then
        WriteLog "Done"
        WScript.Quit(0)
    else
        WriteLog "ConvertVHD failed"
        WScript.Quit(1)
    end if
End Sub


'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Display Script Usage
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub Usage()
    WScript.Echo "usage: cscript ConvertVHD.vbs SourcePath DestinationPath Type"
    WScript.Echo "Type:Fixed|Dynamic|PhysicalDrive"
    WScript.Quit(1)
End Sub

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' set target disk type
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function DiskTypeValue(TypeName)
    if LCase(TypeName) = "fixed" then
        DiskTypeValue = Fixed
    elseif LCase(TypeName) = "dynamic" then
        DiskTypeValue = Dynamic
    elseif LCase(TypeName) = "physicaldrive" then
        DiskTypeValue = PhysicalDrive
    else
        Usage
    end if
End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Execute ConvertVirtualHardDisk
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function ExecuteConvertVHD(sourcePath, destination, vhdTypeName)
    WriteLog Format3("Sub ExecuteConvertVHD({0}, {1}, {2})",  sourcePath, destination, vhdTypeName)

    dim objInParam, objOutParams
    
    ExecuteConvertVHD = false
    set objInParam = managementService.Methods_("ConvertVirtualHardDisk").InParameters.SpawnInstance_()
    objInParam.Type = DiskTypeValue(vhdTypeName)
    objInParam.SourcePath = sourcePath
    objInParam.DestinationPath = destination

    set objOutParams = managementService.ExecMethod_("ConvertVirtualHardDisk", objInParam)

    if (WMIMethodStarted(objOutParams)) then
        if (WMIJobCompleted(objOutParams)) then
            WriteLog Format3("VHD {0} was converted to {1} as a {2} VHD successfully.", sourcePath, destination, vhdTypeName)
            ExecuteConvertVHD = true
        end if
    end if
End Function


'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Handle wmi return values
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function WMIMethodStarted(outParam)
    WriteLog "Function WMIMethodStarted"
    
    dim wmiStatus
    
    WMIMethodStarted = false

    if Not IsNull(outParam) then
        wmiStatus = outParam.ReturnValue

        if  wmiStatus = wmiStarted then
            WMIMethodStarted = true
        else
            WriteLog Format1("Convert VHD with error {0}", wmiStatus)
        end if
   end if
End Function



'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Handle wmi Job object
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Function WMIJobCompleted(outParam)
    WriteLog "Function WMIJobCompleted"
    dim WMIJob, jobState

    set WMIJob = objWMIService.Get(outParam.Job)

    WMIJobCompleted = true

    jobState = WMIJob.JobState

    while jobState = JobRunning or jobState = JobStarting
        WriteLog Format1("In progress... {0}% completed.",WMIJob.PercentComplete)
        WScript.Sleep(1000)
        set WMIJob = objWMIService.Get(outParam.Job)
        jobState = WMIJob.JobState
    wend

    if (jobState <> JobCompleted) then
        WriteLog Format1("ErrorCode:{0}", WMIJob.ErrorCode)
        WriteLog Format1("ErrorDescription:{0}", WMIJob.ErrorDescription)
        WMIJobCompleted = false
    end if

End Function

'-----------------------------------------------------------------
' Create the console log files.
'-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sub WriteLog(line)
    dim fileStream
    set fileStream = fileSystem.OpenTextFile(".\ConvertVHD.log", 8, true)
    WScript.Echo line
    fileStream.WriteLine line
    fileStream.Close

End Sub

'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format3(myString, arg0, arg1, arg2)

    Format3 = Format2(myString, arg0, arg1)
    Format3 = Replace(Format3, "{2}", arg2)

End Function

'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format2(myString, arg0, arg1)
    Format2 = Format1(myString, arg0)
    Format2 = Replace(Format2, "{1}", arg1)
End Function

'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
' The string formatting functions to avoid string concatenation.
'------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Function Format1(myString, arg0)
    Format1 = Replace(myString, "{0}", arg0)
End Function

Requirements

Minimum supported client

None supported

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2008

End of client support

None supported

End of server support

Windows Server 2012

Namespace

\\.\Root\Virtualization

MOF

WindowsVirtualization.mof

See also

ConvertVirtualHardDisk (V2)
CIM_ConcreteJob
Msvm_ImageManagementService

 

 

Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.