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bool (C# Reference)

The bool keyword is an alias of System.Boolean. It is used to declare variables to store the Boolean values, true and false.

Note Note

If you require a Boolean variable that can also have a value of null, use bool?. For more information, see Nullable Types (C# Programming Guide).

You can assign a Boolean value to a bool variable. You can also assign an expression that evaluates to bool to a bool variable.

public class BoolTest
{
    static void Main()
    {
        bool b = true;

        // WriteLine automatically converts the value of b to text.
        Console.WriteLine(b);

        int days = DateTime.Now.DayOfYear;


        // Assign the result of a boolean expression to b.
        b = (days % 2 == 0);

        // Branch depending on whether b is true or false. 
        if (b)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("days is an even number");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("days is an odd number");
        }   
    }
}
/* Output:
  True
  days is an <even/odd> number
*/

The default value of a bool variable is false. The default value of a bool? variable is null.

In C++, a value of type bool can be converted to a value of type int; in other words, false is equivalent to zero and true is equivalent to nonzero values. In C#, there is no conversion between the bool type and other types. For example, the following if statement is invalid in C#:

int x = 123;

// if (x)   // Error: "Cannot implicitly convert type 'int' to 'bool'"
{
    Console.Write("The value of x is nonzero.");
}

To test a variable of the type int, you have to explicitly compare it to a value, such as zero, as follows:


if (x != 0)   // The C# way
{
    Console.Write("The value of x is nonzero.");
}

In this example, you enter a character from the keyboard and the program checks if the input character is a letter. If it is a letter, it checks if it is lowercase or uppercase. These checks are performed with the IsLetter, and IsLower, both of which return the bool type:

public class BoolKeyTest
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Console.Write("Enter a character: ");
        char c = (char)Console.Read();
        if (Char.IsLetter(c))
        {
            if (Char.IsLower(c))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The character is lowercase.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The character is uppercase.");
            }
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Not an alphabetic character.");
        }
    }
}
/* Sample Output:
    Enter a character: X
    The character is uppercase.

    Enter a character: x
    The character is lowercase.

    Enter a character: 2
    The character is not an alphabetic character.
 */

For more information, see the C# Language Specification. The language specification is the definitive source for C# syntax and usage.

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