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Directory.GetAccessControl Method (String)

Gets a DirectorySecurity object that encapsulates the access control list (ACL) entries for a specified directory.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static DirectorySecurity GetAccessControl(
	string path
)

Parameters

path
Type: System.String

The path to a directory containing a DirectorySecurity object that describes the file's access control list (ACL) information.

Return Value

Type: System.Security.AccessControl.DirectorySecurity
An object that encapsulates the access control rules for the file described by the path parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

The path parameter is null.

IOException

An I/O error occurred while opening the directory.

PlatformNotSupportedException

The current operating system is not Windows 2000 or later.

SystemException

A system-level error occurred, such as the directory could not be found. The specific exception may be a subclass of SystemException.

UnauthorizedAccessException

The path parameter specified a directory that is read-only.

-or-

This operation is not supported on the current platform.

-or-

The caller does not have the required permission.

Use the GetAccessControl method to retrieve the access control list (ACL) entries for a directory.

An ACL describes individuals and/or groups who have, or do not have, rights to specific actions on the given file or directory. For more information, see ACL Technology Overview and How to: Add or Remove Access Control List Entries.

In NTFS environments, ReadAttributes and ReadExtendedAttributes are granted to the user if the user has ListDirectory rights on the parent folder. To deny ReadAttributes and ReadExtendedAttributes, deny ListDirectory on the parent directory.

The following example uses the GetAccessControl and the SetAccessControl methods to add an access control list (ACL) entry and then remove an ACL entry from a directory. You must supply a valid user or group account to run this example.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

namespace FileSystemExample
{
    class DirectoryExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                string DirectoryName = "TestDirectory";

                Console.WriteLine("Adding access control entry for " + DirectoryName);

                // Add the access control entry to the directory.
                AddDirectorySecurity(DirectoryName, @"MYDOMAIN\MyAccount", FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow);

                Console.WriteLine("Removing access control entry from " + DirectoryName);

                // Remove the access control entry from the directory.
                RemoveDirectorySecurity(DirectoryName, @"MYDOMAIN\MyAccount", FileSystemRights.ReadData, AccessControlType.Allow);

                Console.WriteLine("Done.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e);
            }

            Console.ReadLine();
        }

        // Adds an ACL entry on the specified directory for the specified account. 
        public static void AddDirectorySecurity(string FileName, string Account, FileSystemRights Rights, AccessControlType ControlType)
        {
            // Create a new DirectoryInfo object.
            DirectoryInfo dInfo = new DirectoryInfo(FileName);

            // Get a DirectorySecurity object that represents the  
            // current security settings.
            DirectorySecurity dSecurity = dInfo.GetAccessControl();

            // Add the FileSystemAccessRule to the security settings. 
            dSecurity.AddAccessRule(new FileSystemAccessRule(Account,
                                                            Rights,
                                                            ControlType));

            // Set the new access settings.
            dInfo.SetAccessControl(dSecurity);

        }

        // Removes an ACL entry on the specified directory for the specified account. 
        public static void RemoveDirectorySecurity(string FileName, string Account, FileSystemRights Rights, AccessControlType ControlType)
        {
            // Create a new DirectoryInfo object.
            DirectoryInfo dInfo = new DirectoryInfo(FileName);

            // Get a DirectorySecurity object that represents the  
            // current security settings.
            DirectorySecurity dSecurity = dInfo.GetAccessControl();

            // Add the FileSystemAccessRule to the security settings. 
            dSecurity.RemoveAccessRule(new FileSystemAccessRule(Account,
                                                            Rights,
                                                            ControlType));

            // Set the new access settings.
            dInfo.SetAccessControl(dSecurity);

        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

  • FileIOPermission 

    for permission to enumerate access control list (ACL) for a directory. Associated enumerations: NoAccess , View

    Security action: Demand.

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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