C Function Definitions
A function definition specifies the name of the function, the types and number of parameters it expects to receive, and its return type. A function definition also includes a function body with the declarations of its local variables, and the statements that determine what the function does.
Prototype parameters are:
The parameter list in a definition uses this syntax:
The parameter list in an old-style function definition uses this syntax:
The syntax for the function body is:
The only storage-class specifiers that can modify a function declaration are extern and static. The extern specifier signifies that the function can be referenced from other files; that is, the function name is exported to the linker. The static specifier signifies that the function cannot be referenced from other files; that is, the name is not exported by the linker. If no storage class appears in a function definition, extern is assumed. In any case, the function is always visible from the definition point to the end of the file.
The optional declaration-specifiers and mandatory declarator together specify the function's return type and name. The declarator is a combination of the identifier that names the function and the parentheses following the function name. The optional attribute-seq nonterminal is a Microsoft-specific feature defined in Function Attributes.
The direct-declarator (in the declarator syntax) specifies the name of the function being defined and the identifiers of its parameters. If the direct-declarator includes a parameter-type-list, the list specifies the types of all the parameters. Such a declarator also serves as a function prototype for later calls to the function.
A declaration in the declaration-list in function definitions cannot contain a storage-class-specifier other than register. The type-specifier in the declaration-specifiers syntax can be omitted only if the register storage class is specified for a value of int type.
The compound-statement is the function body containing local variable declarations, references to externally declared items, and statements.