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IdnMapping.GetAscii Method (String, Int32, Int32)

Encodes the specified number of characters in a substring of domain name labels that include Unicode characters outside the US-ASCII character range. The substring is converted to a string of displayable Unicode characters in the US-ASCII character range and is formatted according to the IDNA standard.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public string GetAscii(
	string unicode,
	int index,
	int count
)

Parameters

unicode
Type: System.String

The string to convert, which consists of one or more domain name labels delimited with label separators.

index
Type: System.Int32

A zero-based offset into unicode that specifies the start of the substring.

count
Type: System.Int32

The number of characters to convert in the substring that starts at the position specified by index in the unicode string.

Return Value

Type: System.String
The equivalent of the substring specified by the unicode, index, and count parameters, consisting of displayable Unicode characters in the US-ASCII character range (U+0020 to U+007E) and formatted according to the IDNA standard.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

unicode is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index or count is less than zero.

-or-

index is greater than the length of unicode.

-or-

index is greater than the length of unicode minus count.

ArgumentException

unicode is invalid based on the AllowUnassigned and UseStd3AsciiRules properties, and the IDNA standard.

The Unicode, index, and count parameters define a substring with one or more labels that consist of valid Unicode characters. The labels are separated by label separators. The first character of the substring cannot begin with a label separator, but it can include and optionally end with a separator. The label separators are FULL STOP (period, U+002E), IDEOGRAPHIC FULL STOP (U+3002), FULLWIDTH FULL STOP (U+FF0E), and HALFWIDTH IDEOGRAPHIC FULL STOP (U+FF61). For example, the domain name "www.adatum.com" consists of the labels, "www", "adatum", and "com", separated by periods.

A label cannot contain any of the following characters:

The GetAscii method converts all label separators to FULL STOP (period, U+002E). If the substring contains no characters outside the US-ASCII character range, and no characters within the US-ASCII character range are prohibited, the method returns the substring unchanged.

Notes to Callers

In the .NET Framework 4.5, the IdnMapping class supports different versions of the IDNA standard, depending on the operating system in use:

See Unicode Technical Standard #46: IDNA Compatibility Processing for the differences in the way these standards handle particular sets of characters.

The following example uses the GetAscii(String, Int32, Int32) method to convert an internationalized domain name to a domain name that complies with the IDNA standard. The GetUnicode(String, Int32, Int32) method then converts the standardized domain name back into the original domain name, but replaces the original label separators with the standard label separator.

// This example demonstrates the GetAscii and GetUnicode methods. 
// For sake of illustration, this example uses the most complex 
// form of those methods, not the most convenient. 

using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
/* 
   Define a domain name consisting of the labels: GREEK SMALL LETTER 
   PI (U+03C0); IDEOGRAPHIC FULL STOP (U+3002); GREEK SMALL LETTER 
   THETA (U+03B8); FULLWIDTH FULL STOP (U+FF0E); and "com".
*/ 
    string name = "\u03C0\u3002\u03B8\uFF0Ecom";
    string international;
    string nonInternational;

    string msg1 = "the original non-internationalized \ndomain name:";
    string msg2 = "Allow unassigned characters?:     {0}";
    string msg3 = "Use non-internationalized rules?: {0}";
    string msg4 = "Convert the non-internationalized domain name to international format...";
    string msg5 = "Display the encoded domain name:\n\"{0}\"";
    string msg6 = "the encoded domain name:";
    string msg7 = "Convert the internationalized domain name to non-international format...";
    string msg8 = "the reconstituted non-internationalized \ndomain name:";
    string msg9 = "Visually compare the code points of the reconstituted string to the " +
                  "original.\n" +
                  "Note that the reconstituted string contains standard label " +
                  "separators (U+002e).";
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console.Clear();
    CodePoints(name, msg1);
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    IdnMapping idn = new IdnMapping();

    Console.WriteLine(msg2, idn.AllowUnassigned);
    Console.WriteLine(msg3, idn.UseStd3AsciiRules);
    Console.WriteLine();
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console.WriteLine(msg4);
    international = idn.GetAscii(name, 0, name.Length);
    Console.WriteLine(msg5, international);
    Console.WriteLine();
    CodePoints(international, msg6);
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Console.WriteLine(msg7);
    nonInternational = idn.GetUnicode(international, 0, international.Length);
    CodePoints(nonInternational, msg8);
    Console.WriteLine(msg9);
    }
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
    static void CodePoints(string value, string title)
    {
    Console.WriteLine("Display the Unicode code points of {0}", title);
    foreach (char c in value) 
        {
        Console.Write("{0:x4} ", Convert.ToInt32(c));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

Display the Unicode code points of the original non-internationalized
domain name:
03c0 3002 03b8 ff0e 0063 006f 006d

Allow unassigned characters?:     False
Use non-internationalized rules?: False

Convert the non-internationalized domain name to international format...
Display the encoded domain name:
"xn--1xa.xn--txa.com"

Display the Unicode code points of the encoded domain name:
0078 006e 002d 002d 0031 0078 0061 002e 0078 006e 002d 002d 0074 0078 0061 002e 0063 006f
006d

Convert the internationalized domain name to non-international format...
Display the Unicode code points of the reconstituted non-internationalized
domain name:
03c0 002e 03b8 002e 0063 006f 006d

Visually compare the code points of the reconstituted string to the original.
Note that the reconstituted string contains standard label separators (U+002e).

*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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