Calculator Sample: Windows Forms Pocket Calculator
The Calculator sample implements a simple pocket calculator using C++ and the .NET Framework Windows Forms classes. It demonstrates using .NET Framework classes to write a user-interface without the support of the resource editors, and illustrates the following concepts:
Working with forms, menus, edit fields, buttons, and icons for forms
Manipulating managed arrays
Using delegates/event handlers
Conversions between the .NET Framework String, Double, and Char classes
This sample code is provided to illustrate a concept and should not be used in applications or Web sites, as it may not illustrate the safest coding practices. Microsoft assumes no liability for incidental or consequential damages should the sample code be used for purposes other than as intended.
Building and Running the Sample
To build and run Calculator using Visual Studio
In the Visual Studio IDE, load the solution file calc.sln.
In Solution Explorer, right-click the Calc solution.
On the shortcut menu, click Build.
Since this program does not compile the icon file (calc.ico) into a XML-based resource file (*.resx), you must copy the icon file into the same directory as the .exe (built from the sample) before continuing.
Run the resulting application and try out various operations with the calculator.
Classes and Keywords
This sample demonstrates the following classes:
Form; TextBox; Button; Icon; MainMenu; MenuItem; MessageBox; Exception; FileNotFoundException; Size structure; Font
This sample demonstrates the following keywords:
__gc; __value; enum; add_KeyPress; KeyPressEventHandler; EventHandler; __try_cast; EventArgs; KeyPressEventArgs; FormStartPosition; FormBorderStyle; SizeGripStyle; BorderStyle; SystemColors; HorizontalAlignment; FlatStyle; add_Click