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unordered_multimap::difference_type

The type of a signed distance between two elements.

typedef T3 difference_type;

The signed integer type describes an object that can represent the difference between the addresses of any two elements in the controlled sequence. It is described here as a synonym for the implementation-defined type T3.

 

// std_tr1__unordered_map__unordered_multimap_difference_type.cpp 
// compile with: /EHsc 
#include <unordered_map> 
#include <iostream> 
 
typedef std::unordered_multimap<char, int> Mymap; 
int main() 
    { 
    Mymap c1; 
 
    c1.insert(Mymap::value_type('a', 1)); 
    c1.insert(Mymap::value_type('b', 2)); 
    c1.insert(Mymap::value_type('c', 3)); 
 
// display contents " [c 3] [b 2] [a 1]" 
    for (Mymap::const_iterator it = c1.begin(); 
        it != c1.end(); ++it) 
        std::cout << " [" << it->first << ", " << it->second << "]"; 
    std::cout << std::endl; 
 
// compute positive difference 
    Mymap::difference_type diff = 0; 
    for (Mymap::const_iterator it = c1.begin(); 
        it != c1.end(); ++it) 
        ++diff; 
    std::cout << "end()-begin() == " << diff << std::endl; 
 
// compute negative difference 
    diff = 0; 
    for (Mymap::const_iterator it = c1.end(); 
        it != c1.begin(); --it) 
        --diff; 
    std::cout << "begin()-end() == " << diff << std::endl; 
 
    return (0); 
    } 
 
 [c, 3] [b, 2] [a, 1]
end()-begin() == 3
begin()-end() == -3

Header: <unordered_map>

Namespace: std

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