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random_device Class

Generates a random sequence from an external device.

class random_device {
public:
    typedef unsigned int result_type;
    // cosntructor
    explicit random_device(const std::string& token = "");
    // properties
    static result_type min();
    static result_type max();
    double entropy() const;
    // generate
    result_type operator()();
    // no-copy functions
    random_device(const random_device&) = delete;
    void operator=(const random_device&) = delete;
};

The class describes a source of random numbers, and is allowed but not required to be non-deterministic or cryptographically secure by the ISO C++ Standard. In the Visual Studio implementation the values produced are non-deterministic and cryptographically secure, but runs more slowly than generators created from engines and engine adaptors (such as mersenne_twister_engine, the high quality and fast engine of choice for most applications).

random_device results are uniformly distributed in the closed range [0, 232).

random_device is not guaranteed to result in a non-blocking call.

Generally, random_device is used to seed other generators created with engines or engine adaptors. For more information, see <random>.

The following code demonstrates basic functionality of this class and example results. Because of the non-deterministic nature of random_device, the random values shown in the Output section will not match your results. This is normal and expected.

// random_device_engine.cpp 
// cl.exe /W4 /nologo /EHsc /MTd 
#include <random> 
#include <iostream> 
using namespace std;

int main() 
{ 
    random_device gen; 
 
    cout << "entropy == " << gen.entropy() << endl; 
    cout << "min == " << gen.min() << endl; 
    cout << "max == " << gen.max() << endl; 
 
    cout << "a random value == " << gen() << endl; 
    cout << "a random value == " << gen() << endl; 
    cout << "a random value == " << gen() << endl; 
}

Output:

entropy == 32
min == 0
max == 4294967295
10 random values:
4183829181
1454391608
1176278697
2468830096
3959347222
1803123400
1339590545
1304896877
604088490
2293276253

This example is simplistic and not representative of the general use-case for this generator. For a more representative code example, see <random>.

Header: <random>

Namespace: std

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