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How to: Modify Data in a Database by Using LINQ (Visual Basic)

Updated: July 2008

Language-Integrated Query (LINQ) queries make it easy to access database information and modify values in the database.

The following example shows how to create a new application that retrieves and updates information in a SQL Server database.

The examples in this topic use the Northwind sample database. If you do not have the Northwind sample database on your development computer, you can download it from the Microsoft Download Center Web site. For instructions, see Downloading Sample Databases (LINQ to SQL).

To create a connection to a database

  1. In Visual Studio, open Server Explorer/Database Explorer by clicking the View menu, and then select Server Explorer/Database Explorer.

  2. Right-click Data Connections in Server Explorer/Database Explorer, and click Add Connection.

  3. Specify a valid connection to the Northwind sample database.

To add a Project with a LINQ to SQL file

  1. In Visual Studio, on the File menu, point to New and then click Project. Select Visual Basic Windows Forms Application as the project type.

  2. On the Project menu, click Add New Item. Select the LINQ to SQL Classes item template.

  3. Name the file northwind.dbml. Click Add. The Object Relational Designer (O/R Designer) is opened for the northwind.dbml file.

To add tables to query and modify to the designer

  1. In Server Explorer/Database Explorer, expand the connection to the Northwind database. Expand the Tables folder.

    If you have closed the O/R Designer, you can reopen it by double-clicking the northwind.dbml file that you added earlier.

  2. Click the Customers table and drag it to the left pane of the designer.

    The designer creates a new Customer object for your project.

  3. Save your changes and close the designer.

  4. Save your project.

To add code to modify the database and display the results

  1. From the Toolbox, drag a DataGridView control onto the default Windows Form for your project, Form1.

  2. When you added tables to the O/R Designer, the designer added a DataContext object to your project. This object contains code that you can use to access the Customers table. It also contains code that defines a local Customer object and a Customers collection for the table. The DataContext object for your project is named based on the name of your .dbml file. For this project, the DataContext object is named northwindDataContext.

    You can create an instance of the DataContext object in your code and query and modify the Customers collection specified by the O/R Designer. Changes that you make to the Customers collection are not reflected in the database until you submit them by calling the SubmitChanges method of the DataContext object.

    Double-click the Windows Form, Form1, to add code to the Load event to query the Customers table that is exposed as a property of your DataContext. Add the following code:

    Private db As northwindDataContext
    
    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                           ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
                           Handles MyBase.Load
      db = New northwindDataContext()
    
      RefreshData()
    End Sub
    
    Private Sub RefreshData()
      Dim customers = From cust In db.Customers _
                      Where cust.City(0) = "W" _
                      Select cust
    
      DataGridView1.DataSource = customers
    End Sub
    
  3. From the Toolbox, drag three Button controls onto the form. Select the first Button control. In the Properties window, set the Name of the Button control to AddButton and the Text to Add. Select the second button and set the Name property to UpdateButton and the Text property to Update. Select the third button and set the Name property to DeleteButton and the Text property to Delete.

  4. Double-click the Add button to add code to its Click event. Add the following code:

    Private Sub AddButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                                ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
                                Handles AddButton.Click
      Dim cust As New Customer With { _
        .City = "Wellington", _
        .CompanyName = "Blue Yonder Airlines", _
        .ContactName = "Jill Frank", _
        .Country = "New Zealand", _
        .CustomerID = "JILLF"}
    
      db.Customers.InsertOnSubmit(cust)
    
      Try
        db.SubmitChanges()
      Catch
        ' Handle exception.
      End Try
    
      RefreshData()
    End Sub
    
  5. Double-click the Update button to add code to its Click event. Add the following code:

    Private Sub UpdateButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                                   ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
                                   Handles UpdateButton.Click
      Dim updateCust = (From cust In db.Customers _
                        Where cust.CustomerID = "JILLF").ToList()(0)
    
      updateCust.ContactName = "Jill Shrader"
    
      Try
        db.SubmitChanges()
      Catch
        ' Handle exception.
      End Try
    
      RefreshData()
    End Sub
    
  6. Double-click the Delete button to add code to its Click event. Add the following code:

    Private Sub DeleteButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                                   ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
                                   Handles DeleteButton.Click
      Dim deleteCust = (From cust In db.Customers _
                        Where cust.CustomerID = "JILLF").ToList()(0)
    
      db.Customers.DeleteOnSubmit(deleteCust)
    
      Try
        db.SubmitChanges()
      Catch
        ' Handle exception.
      End Try
    
      RefreshData()
    End Sub
    
  7. Press F5 to run your project. Click Add to add a new record. Click Update to modify the new record. Click Delete to delete the new record.

Date

History

Reason

July 2008

Fixed errors in code examples in steps 4 and 6.

Customer feedback.

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