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Method-Based Query Syntax Examples: Projection

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Select and SelectMany methodsto query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using method-based query syntax. The AdventureWorks Sales Model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:


using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
    

Select

Example

The following example uses the Select method to project the Product.Name and Product.ProductID properties into a sequence of anonymous types.


using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
var query = context.Products
.Select(product => new
{
ProductId = product.ProductID,
ProductName = product.Name
});

Console.WriteLine("Product Info:");
foreach (var productInfo in query)
{
Console.WriteLine("Product Id: {0} Product name: {1} ",
productInfo.ProductId, productInfo.ProductName);
}
}
    

Example

The following example uses the Select method to return a sequence of only product names.


using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
IQueryable<string> productNames = context.Products
.Select(p => p.Name);

Console.WriteLine("Product Names:");
foreach (String productName in productNames)
{
Console.WriteLine(productName);
}
}
    

SelectMany

Example

The following example uses the SelectMany method to select all orders where TotalDue is less than 500.00.


decimal totalDue = 500.00M;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

var query =
contacts.SelectMany(
contact => orders.Where(order =>
(contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID)
&& order.TotalDue < totalDue)
.Select(order => new
{
ContactID = contact.ContactID,
LastName = contact.LastName,
FirstName = contact.FirstName,
OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
Total = order.TotalDue
}));

foreach (var smallOrder in query)
{
Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Total Due: ${4} ",
smallOrder.ContactID, smallOrder.LastName, smallOrder.FirstName,
smallOrder.OrderID, smallOrder.Total);
}
}
    

Example

The following example uses the SelectMany method to select all orders where the order was made on October 1, 2002 or later.


using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;
ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

var query =
contacts.SelectMany(
contact => orders.Where(order =>
(contact.ContactID == order.Contact.ContactID)
&& order.OrderDate >= new DateTime(2002, 10, 1))
.Select(order => new
{
ContactID = contact.ContactID,
LastName = contact.LastName,
FirstName = contact.FirstName,
OrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
OrderDate = order.OrderDate
}));

foreach (var order in query)
{
Console.WriteLine("Contact ID: {0} Name: {1}, {2} Order ID: {3} Order date: {4:d} ",
order.ContactID, order.LastName, order.FirstName,
order.OrderID, order.OrderDate);
}
}
    

See Also




Build Date:

2012-10-01
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft