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Phoneme Table for English (United States)

Speech Server 2007

The following tables show the phonemes and prosodic symbols used by the speech recognition engine for English (United States). These are a subset of the Universal Phone Set (UPS).

Phoneme and prosodic symbol labels are case-sensitive. When used in transcriptions, phonemes must be space-delimited.

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Character groups and plus signs (+) that comprise multi-symbol UPS Label forms also must be space-delimited.

UPS Label Example Word UPS Transcription of Example Word

AA

pot

P AA T

AE

fat

F AE T

AH

bug

B AH G

AI

hive

H AI V

AU

out

AU T

AO

caught

K AO T

AX

driver

D RA AI V AX RA

AX RA

runner

RA AH N AX RA

EH

egg

EH G

EH RA

hair

H EH RA

EI

lake

L EI K

ER

her

H ER RA

I

meal

M I L

IH

ink

IH NG K

O + UH

rose

RA O + UH Z

OI

toy

T OI

U

food

F U D

UH

look

L UH K

UPS Label Example Word UPS Transcription of Example Word

AX L

whistle

W IH S AX L

AX M

album

AE L B AX M

AX N

button

B AH T AX N

B

bin

B IH N

CH

chin

CH IH N

D

date

D EI T

DH

this

DH IH S

F

fax

F AE K S

G

gap

G AE P

H

help

H EH L P

J

yacht

J AA T

JH

gin

JH IH N

K

king

K IH NG

L

leg

L EH G

M

mail

M EI L

N

nose

N O + UH Z

NG

long

L AO NG

P

pin

P IH N

RA

ring

RA IH NG

S

sing

S IH NG

SH

shop

SH AA P

T

tip

T IH P

TH

thing

TH IH NG

V

very

V EH RA I

W

will

W IH L

Z

zip

Z IH P

ZH

vision

V IH ZH AX N

UPS Label Description Example Word UPS Transcription of Example Word

S1

primary stress

stress

S1 S T RA EH S

S2

secondary stress

secondary

S1 S EH . K AX N . S2 D EH . RA I

.

syllable break

vision

S1 V IH . ZH AX N

_^

linking (absence of a break)

_!

intonation - exclamation

_&

intonation - continue

_,

intonation - incompletion rise

_.

intonation ??? fall

_?

intonation - question rise

_s

silence

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