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TVITEM structure

Specifies or receives attributes of a tree-view item. This structure is identical to the TV_ITEM structure, but it has been renamed to follow current naming conventions. New applications should use this structure.

Syntax


typedef struct tagTVITEM {
  UINT      mask;
  HTREEITEM hItem;
  UINT      state;
  UINT      stateMask;
  LPTSTR    pszText;
  int       cchTextMax;
  int       iImage;
  int       iSelectedImage;
  int       cChildren;
  LPARAM    lParam;
} TVITEM, *LPTVITEM;

Members

mask

Type: UINT

Array of flags that indicate which of the other structure members contain valid data. When this structure is used with the TVM_GETITEM message, the mask member indicates the item attributes to retrieve. If used with the TVM_SETITEM message, the mask indicates the attributes to set. This member can be one or more of the following values:

ValueMeaning
TVIF_CHILDREN

The cChildren member is valid.

TVIF_DI_SETITEM

The tree-view control will retain the supplied information and will not request it again. This flag is valid only when processing the TVN_GETDISPINFO notification.

TVIF_HANDLE

The hItem member is valid.

TVIF_IMAGE

The iImage member is valid.

TVIF_PARAM

The lParam member is valid.

TVIF_SELECTEDIMAGE

The iSelectedImage member is valid.

TVIF_STATE

The state and stateMask members are valid.

TVIF_TEXT

The pszText and cchTextMax members are valid.

 

hItem

Type: HTREEITEM

Handle to the item.

state

Type: UINT

Set of bit flags and image list indexes that indicate the item's state. When setting the state of an item, the stateMask member indicates the valid bits of this member. When retrieving the state of an item, this member returns the current state for the bits indicated in the stateMask member.

Bits 0 through 7 of this member contain the item state flags. For a list of possible item state flags, see Tree-View Control Item States.

 

The overlay image is superimposed over the item's icon image. Bits 8 through 11 of this member specify the one-based overlay image index. If these bits are zero, the item has no overlay image. To isolate these bits, use the TVIS_OVERLAYMASK mask. To set the overlay image index in this member, use the INDEXTOOVERLAYMASK macro. The image list's overlay images are set with the ImageList_SetOverlayImage function.

 

A state image is displayed next to an item's icon to indicate an application-defined state. Specify the state image list by sending a TVM_SETIMAGELIST message. To set an item's state image, include the TVIS_STATEIMAGEMASK value in the stateMask member of the TVITEM structure. Bits 12 through 15 of the structure's state member specify the index in the state image list of the image to be drawn.

 

To set the state image index, use INDEXTOSTATEIMAGEMASK. This macro takes an index and sets bits 12 through 15 appropriately. To indicate that the item has no state image, set the index to zero. This convention means that image zero in the state image list cannot be used as a state image. To isolate bits 12 through 15 of the state member, use the TVIS_STATEIMAGEMASK mask.

stateMask

Type: UINT

Bits of the state member that are valid. If you are retrieving an item's state, set the bits of the stateMask member to indicate the bits to be returned in the state member. If you are setting an item's state, set the bits of the stateMask member to indicate the bits of the state member that you want to set. To set or retrieve an item's overlay image index, set the TVIS_OVERLAYMASK bits. To set or retrieve an item's state image index, set the TVIS_STATEIMAGEMASK bits.

pszText

Type: LPTSTR

Pointer to a null-terminated string that contains the item text if the structure specifies item attributes. If this member is the LPSTR_TEXTCALLBACK value, the parent window is responsible for storing the name. In this case, the tree-view control sends the parent window a TVN_GETDISPINFO notification code when it needs the item text for displaying, sorting, or editing and a TVN_SETDISPINFO notification code when the item text changes. If the structure is receiving item attributes, this member is the address of the buffer that receives the item text. Note that although the tree-view control allows any length string to be stored as item text, only the first 260 characters are displayed.

cchTextMax

Type: int

Size of the buffer pointed to by the pszText member, in characters. If this structure is being used to set item attributes, this member is ignored.

iImage

Type: int

Index in the tree-view control's image list of the icon image to use when the item is in the nonselected state. If this member is the I_IMAGECALLBACK value, the parent window is responsible for storing the index. In this case, the tree-view control sends the parent a TVN_GETDISPINFO notification code to retrieve the index when it needs to display the image.

iSelectedImage

Type: int

Index in the tree-view control's image list of the icon image to use when the item is in the selected state. If this member is the I_IMAGECALLBACK value, the parent window is responsible for storing the index. In this case, the tree-view control sends the parent a TVN_GETDISPINFO notification code to retrieve the index when it needs to display the image.

cChildren

Type: int

Flag that indicates whether the item has associated child items. This member can be one of the following values.

ValueMeaning
zero

The item has no child items.

one

The item has one or more child items.

I_CHILDRENCALLBACK

The parent window keeps track of whether the item has child items. In this case, when the tree-view control needs to display the item, the control sends the parent a TVN_GETDISPINFO notification code to determine whether the item has child items.

If the tree-view control has the TVS_HASBUTTONS style, it uses this member to determine whether to display the button indicating the presence of child items. You can use this member to force the control to display the button even though the item does not have any child items inserted. This allows you to display the button while minimizing the control's memory usage by inserting child items only when the item is visible or expanded.

I_CHILDRENAUTO

Version 6.0 Intended for internal use; not recommended for use in applications. The tree-view control automatically determines whether the item has child items.

Note  This flag may not be supported in future versions of Comctl32.dll. Also, this flag is not defined in commctrl.h. Add the following definition to the source files of your application to use the flag:


#define I_CHILDRENAUTO (-2)

 

lParam

Type: LPARAM

A value to associate with the item.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Commctrl.h

Unicode and ANSI names

TVITEMW (Unicode) and TVITEMA (ANSI)

 

 

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