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WOWShellExecute function

[This function is available through Windows XP with Service Pack 2 (SP2) and Windows Server 2003. It might be altered or unavailable in subsequent versions of Windows.]

Performs an operation on a specified file. WOWShellExecute exists only for use with the Microsoft Windows NT Virtual DOS Machine (Ntvdm.exe), which allows disk operating system (DOS) and 16-bit software to run on a Windows system, and should not be used by anyone else. Use ShellExecute instead.

Syntax


HINSTANCE WOWShellExecute(
  _In_  HWND hwnd,
  _In_  LPCTSTR lpOperation,
  _In_  LPCTSTR lpFile,
  _In_  LPCTSTR lpParameters,
  _In_  LPCTSTR lpDirectory,
  _In_  INT nShowCmd,
  void *lpfnCBWinExec
);

Parameters

hwnd [in]

Type: HWND

A handle to the owner window used for displaying a UI or error messages. This value can be NULL if the operation is not associated with a window.

lpOperation [in]

Type: LPCTSTR

A pointer to a null-terminated string, referred to in this case as a verb, that specifies the action to be performed. The set of available verbs depends on the particular file or folder. Generally, the actions available from an object's shortcut menu are available verbs. For more information about verbs and their availability, see the Object Verbs section of Launching Applications. See Extending Shortcut Menus for further discussion of shortcut menus. The following verbs are commonly used.

edit

Launches an editor and opens the document for editing. If lpFile is not a document file, the function will fail.

explore

Explores the folder specified by lpFile.

find

Initiates a search starting from the specified directory.

open

Opens the file specified by the lpFile parameter. The file can be an executable file, a document file, or a folder.

print

Prints the document file specified by lpFile. If lpFile is not a document file, the function will fail.

NULL

For systems prior to Windows 2000, the default verb is used if it is valid and available in the registry. If not, the "open" verb is used.

For Windows 2000 and later systems, the default verb is used if available. If not, the "open" verb is used. If neither verb is available, the system uses the first verb listed in the registry.

lpFile [in]

Type: LPCTSTR

A pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the file or object on which to execute the specified verb. To specify a Shell namespace object, pass the fully qualified parse name. Note that not all verbs are supported on all objects. For example, not all document types support the "print" verb.

lpParameters [in]

Type: LPCTSTR

If the lpFile parameter specifies an executable file, lpParameters is a pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the parameters to be passed to the application. The format of this string is determined by the verb that is to be invoked. If lpFile specifies a document file, lpParameters should be NULL.

lpDirectory [in]

Type: LPCTSTR

A pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the default directory.

nShowCmd [in]

Type: INT

The flags that specify how an application is to be displayed when it is opened. If lpFile specifies a document file, the flag is simply passed to the associated application. It is up to the application to decide how to handle it.

SW_HIDE

Hides the window and activates another window.

SW_MAXIMIZE

Maximizes the specified window.

SW_MINIMIZE

Minimizes the specified window and activates the next top-level window in the z-order.

SW_RESTORE

Activates and displays the window. If the window is minimized or maximized, Windows restores it to its original size and position. An application should specify this flag when restoring a minimized window.

SW_SHOW

Activates the window and displays it in its current size and position.

SW_SHOWDEFAULT

Sets the show state based on the SW_ flag specified in the STARTUPINFO structure passed to the CreateProcess function by the program that started the application. An application should call ShowWindow with this flag to set the initial show state of its main window.

SW_SHOWMAXIMIZED

Activates the window and displays it as a maximized window.

SW_SHOWMINIMIZED

Activates the window and displays it as a minimized window.

SW_SHOWMINNOACTIVE

Displays the window as a minimized window. The active window remains active.

SW_SHOWNA

Displays the window in its current state. The active window remains active.

SW_SHOWNOACTIVATE

Displays a window in its most recent size and position. The active window remains active.

SW_SHOWNORMAL

Activates and displays a window. If the window is minimized or maximized, Windows restores it to its original size and position. An application should specify this flag when displaying the window for the first time.

lpfnCBWinExec

Type: void*

Callback function used to call CreateProcess in the 16-bit kernel.

Return value

Type: HINSTANCE

Returns a value greater than 32 if successful, or an error value that is less than or equal to 32 otherwise. The following table lists the error values. The return value is cast as an HINSTANCE for backward compatibility with 16-bit Windows applications. It is not a true HINSTANCE, however. The only thing that can be done with the returned HINSTANCE is to cast it to an int and compare it with the value 32 or one of the error codes below.

Return codeDescription
0

The operating system is out of memory or resources.

ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND

The specified file was not found.

ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND

The specified path was not found.

ERROR_BAD_FORMAT

The .exe file is invalid (non-Win32 .exe or error in .exe image).

SE_ERR_ACCESSDENIED

The operating system denied access to the specified file.

SE_ERR_ASSOCINCOMPLETE

The file name association is incomplete or invalid.

SE_ERR_DDEBUSY

The DDE transaction could not be completed because other DDE transactions were being processed.

SE_ERR_DDEFAIL

The DDE transaction failed.

SE_ERR_DDETIMEOUT

The DDE transaction could not be completed because the request timed out.

SE_ERR_DLLNOTFOUND

The specified DLL was not found.

SE_ERR_FNF

The specified file was not found.

SE_ERR_NOASSOC

There is no application associated with the given file name extension. This error will also be returned if you attempt to print a file that is not printable.

SE_ERR_OOM

There was not enough memory to complete the operation.

SE_ERR_PNF

The specified path was not found.

SE_ERR_SHARE

A sharing violation occurred.

 

Remarks

WOWShellExecute is not included in a header or .lib file. It is exported from Shell32.dll by name.

This method allows you to execute any commands in a folder's shortcut menu or stored in the registry.

If lpOperation is NULL, the function opens the file specified by lpFile. If lpOperation is "open" or "explore", the function attempts to open or explore the folder.

To obtain information about the application that is launched as a result of calling WOWShellExecute, use ShellExecuteEx.

Note  The Launch folder windows in a separate process setting in Folder Options affects WOWShellExecute. If that option is disabled (the default setting), WOWShellExecute uses an open Explorer window rather than launch a new one. If no Explorer window is open, WOWShellExecute launches a new one.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

DLL

Shell32.dll

See also

ShellExecute

 

 

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