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Method-Based Query Syntax Examples: Aggregate Operators (LINQ to DataSet)

The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Aggregate, Average, Count, LongCount, Max, Min, and Sum operators to query a DataSet and aggregate data using method query syntax.

The FillDataSet method used in these examples is specified in Loading Data Into a DataSet.

The examples in this topic use the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Globalization;

For more information, see How to: Create a LINQ to DataSet Project In Visual Studio.

This example uses the Aggregate method to get the first 5 contacts from the Contact table and build a comma-delimited list of the last names.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

IEnumerable<DataRow> contacts = ds.Tables["Contact"].AsEnumerable();

string nameList =
    contacts.Take(5).Select(contact => contact.Field<string>("LastName")).Aggregate((workingList, next) => workingList + "," + next);

Console.WriteLine(nameList);

This example uses the Average method to find the average list price of the products.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

var products = ds.Tables["Product"].AsEnumerable();

Decimal averageListPrice =
    products.Average(product => product.Field<Decimal>("ListPrice"));

Console.WriteLine("The average list price of all the products is ${0}",
    averageListPrice);

This example uses the Average method to find the average list price of the products of each style.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

var products = ds.Tables["Product"].AsEnumerable();

var query = from product in products
            group product by product.Field<string>("Style") into g
            select new
            {
                Style = g.Key,
                AverageListPrice =
                    g.Average(product => product.Field<Decimal>("ListPrice"))
            };

foreach (var product in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Product style: {0} Average list price: {1}",
        product.Style, product.AverageListPrice);
}

This example uses the Average method to find the average total due.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

Decimal averageTotalDue = orders.AsEnumerable().
    Average(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"));
Console.WriteLine("The average TotalDue is {0}.",
    averageTotalDue);

This example uses the Average method to get the average total due for each contact ID.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        averageTotalDue =
            g.Average(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"))
    };

foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Average TotalDue = {1}",
        order.Category,
        order.averageTotalDue);
}

This example uses the Average method to get the orders with the average TotalDue for each contact.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    let averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"))
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        CheapestProducts =
            g.Where(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue") ==
                        averageTotalDue)
    };


foreach (var orderGroup in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
    foreach (var order in orderGroup.CheapestProducts)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Average total due for SalesOrderID {1} is: {0}",
            order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"),
            order.Field<Int32>("SalesOrderID"));
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}

This example uses the Count method to return the number of products in the Product table.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

var products = ds.Tables["Product"].AsEnumerable();

int numProducts = products.Count();

Console.WriteLine("There are {0} products.", numProducts);

This example uses the Count method to return a list of contact IDs and how many orders each has.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable contacts = ds.Tables["Contact"];

var query = from contact in contacts.AsEnumerable()
            select new
            {
                CustomerID = contact.Field<int>("ContactID"),
                OrderCount =
                    contact.GetChildRows("SalesOrderContact").Count()
            };

foreach (var contact in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("CustomerID = {0} \t OrderCount = {1}",
        contact.CustomerID,
        contact.OrderCount);
}

This example groups products by color and uses the Count method to return the number of products in each color group.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable products = ds.Tables["Product"];

var query =
    from product in products.AsEnumerable()
    group product by product.Field<string>("Color") into g
    select new { Color = g.Key, ProductCount = g.Count() };

foreach (var product in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Color = {0} \t ProductCount = {1}",
        product.Color,
        product.ProductCount);
}

This example gets the contact count as a long integer.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);


DataTable contacts = ds.Tables["Contact"];

long numberOfContacts = contacts.AsEnumerable().LongCount();
Console.WriteLine("There are {0} Contacts", numberOfContacts);

This example uses the Max method to get the largest total due.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

Decimal maxTotalDue = orders.AsEnumerable().
    Max(w => w.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"));
Console.WriteLine("The maximum TotalDue is {0}.",
    maxTotalDue);

This example uses the Max method to get the largest total due for each contact ID.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        maxTotalDue =
            g.Max(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"))
    };

foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Maximum TotalDue = {1}",
        order.Category, order.maxTotalDue);
}

This example uses the Max method to get the orders with the largest TotalDue for each contact ID.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    let maxTotalDue = g.Max(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"))
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        CheapestProducts =
            g.Where(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue") ==
                        maxTotalDue)
    };


foreach (var orderGroup in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
    foreach (var order in orderGroup.CheapestProducts)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("MaxTotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ",
            order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"),
            order.Field<Int32>("SalesOrderID"));
    }
}

This example uses the Min method to get the smallest total due.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

Decimal smallestTotalDue = orders.AsEnumerable().
    Min(totalDue => totalDue.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"));
Console.WriteLine("The smallest TotalDue is {0}.",
    smallestTotalDue);

This example uses the Min method to get the smallest total due for each contact ID.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        smallestTotalDue =
            g.Min(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"))
    };

foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Minimum TotalDue = {1}",
        order.Category, order.smallestTotalDue);
}

This example uses the Min method to get the orders with the smallest total due for each contact.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    let minTotalDue = g.Min(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"))
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        smallestTotalDue =
            g.Where(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue") ==
                        minTotalDue)
    };


foreach (var orderGroup in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
    foreach (var order in orderGroup.smallestTotalDue)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Mininum TotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ",
            order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue"),
            order.Field<Int32>("SalesOrderID"));
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}

This example uses the Sum method to get the total number of order quantities in the SalesOrderDetail table.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);


DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderDetail"];

double totalOrderQty = orders.AsEnumerable().
    Sum(o => o.Field<Int16>("OrderQty"));
Console.WriteLine("There are a total of {0} OrderQty.",
    totalOrderQty);

This example uses the Sum method to get the total due for each contact ID.

// Fill the DataSet.
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
FillDataSet(ds);

DataTable orders = ds.Tables["SalesOrderHeader"];

var query =
    from order in orders.AsEnumerable()
    group order by order.Field<Int32>("ContactID") into g
    select new
    {
        Category = g.Key,
        TotalDue = g.Sum(order => order.Field<decimal>("TotalDue")),
    };
foreach (var order in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t TotalDue sum = {1}",
        order.Category, order.TotalDue);
}
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