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Enumerable.Where<TSource> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Int32, Boolean>)

Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IEnumerable<TSource> Where<TSource>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, int, bool> predicate
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> to filter.
predicate
Type: System.Func<TSource, Int32, Boolean>
A function to test each source element for a condition; the second parameter of the function represents the index of the source element.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> that contains elements from the input sequence that satisfy the condition.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or predicate is null.

This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

The first argument of predicate represents the element to test. The second argument represents the zero-based index of the element within source.

The following code example demonstrates how to use Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Int32, Boolean>) to filter a sequence based on a predicate that involves the index of each element.


      int[] numbers = { 0, 30, 20, 15, 90, 85, 40, 75 };

      IEnumerable<int> query =
          numbers.Where((number, index) => number <= index * 10);

      foreach (int number in query)
      {
         outputBlock.Text += number + "\n";
      }
      /*
       This code produces the following output:

       0
       20
       15
       40
      */



Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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