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Enumerable.ToDictionary<TSource, TKey, TElement> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, TKey>, Func<TSource, TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static Dictionary<TKey, TElement> ToDictionary<TSource, TKey, TElement>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, TKey> keySelector,
	Func<TSource, TElement> elementSelector,
	IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TKey

The type of the key returned by keySelector.

TElement

The type of the value returned by elementSelector.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> to create a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from.
keySelector
Type: System.Func<TSource, TKey>
A function to extract a key from each element.
elementSelector
Type: System.Func<TSource, TElement>
A transform function to produce a result element value from each element.
comparer
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey>
An IEqualityComparer<T> to compare keys.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<TKey, TElement>
A Dictionary<TKey, TValue> that contains values of type TElement selected from the input sequence.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or keySelector or elementSelector is null.

-or-

keySelector produces a key that is null.

ArgumentException

keySelector produces duplicate keys for two elements.

If comparer is null, the default equality comparer Default is used to compare keys.

Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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