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SvcConfig.cpp

The following is a sample service configuration program.

When building the sample, be sure to link with Kernel32.lib and Advapi32.lib.


#include <windows.h>
#include <tchar.h>
#include <strsafe.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#pragma comment(lib, "advapi32.lib")

TCHAR szCommand[10];
TCHAR szSvcName[80];

VOID __stdcall DisplayUsage(void);

VOID __stdcall DoQuerySvc(void);
VOID __stdcall DoUpdateSvcDesc(void);
VOID __stdcall DoDisableSvc(void);
VOID __stdcall DoEnableSvc(void);
VOID __stdcall DoDeleteSvc(void);

//
// Purpose: 
//   Entry point function. Executes specified command from user.
//
// Parameters:
//   Command-line syntax is: svcconfig [command] [service_path]
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
void __cdecl _tmain(int argc, TCHAR *argv[])
{
    printf("\n");
    if( argc != 3 )
    {
        printf("ERROR:\tIncorrect number of arguments\n\n");
        DisplayUsage();
        return;
    }

    StringCchCopy(szCommand, 10, argv[1]);
    StringCchCopy(szSvcName, 80, argv[2]);

    if (lstrcmpi( szCommand, TEXT("query")) == 0 )
        DoQuerySvc();
    else if (lstrcmpi( szCommand, TEXT("describe")) == 0 )
        DoUpdateSvcDesc();
    else if (lstrcmpi( szCommand, TEXT("disable")) == 0 )
        DoDisableSvc();
    else if (lstrcmpi( szCommand, TEXT("enable")) == 0 )
        DoEnableSvc();
    else if (lstrcmpi( szCommand, TEXT("delete")) == 0 )
        DoDeleteSvc();
    else 
    {
        _tprintf(TEXT("Unknown command (%s)\n\n"), szCommand);
        DisplayUsage();
    }
}

VOID __stdcall DisplayUsage()
{
    printf("Description:\n");
    printf("\tCommand-line tool that configures a service.\n\n");
    printf("Usage:\n");
    printf("\tsvcconfig [command] [service_name]\n\n");
    printf("\t[command]\n");
    printf("\t  query\n");
    printf("\t  describe\n");
    printf("\t  disable\n");
    printf("\t  enable\n");
    printf("\t  delete\n");
}

//
// Purpose: 
//   Retrieves and displays the current service configuration.
//
// Parameters:
//   None
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
VOID __stdcall DoQuerySvc()
{
    SC_HANDLE schSCManager;
    SC_HANDLE schService;
    LPQUERY_SERVICE_CONFIG lpsc; 
    LPSERVICE_DESCRIPTION lpsd;
    DWORD dwBytesNeeded, cbBufSize, dwError; 

    // Get a handle to the SCM database. 
 
    schSCManager = OpenSCManager( 
        NULL,                    // local computer
        NULL,                    // ServicesActive database 
        SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);  // full access rights 
 
    if (NULL == schSCManager) 
    {
        printf("OpenSCManager failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Get a handle to the service.

    schService = OpenService( 
        schSCManager,          // SCM database 
        szSvcName,             // name of service 
        SERVICE_QUERY_CONFIG); // need query config access 
 
    if (schService == NULL)
    { 
        printf("OpenService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
        CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
        return;
    }

    // Get the configuration information.
 
    if( !QueryServiceConfig( 
        schService, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &dwBytesNeeded))
    {
        dwError = GetLastError();
        if( ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER == dwError )
        {
            cbBufSize = dwBytesNeeded;
            lpsc = (LPQUERY_SERVICE_CONFIG) LocalAlloc(LMEM_FIXED, cbBufSize);
        }
        else
        {
            printf("QueryServiceConfig failed (%d)", dwError);
            goto cleanup; 
        }
    }
  
    if( !QueryServiceConfig( 
        schService, 
        lpsc, 
        cbBufSize, 
        &dwBytesNeeded) ) 
    {
        printf("QueryServiceConfig failed (%d)", GetLastError());
        goto cleanup;
    }

    if( !QueryServiceConfig2( 
        schService, 
        SERVICE_CONFIG_DESCRIPTION,
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &dwBytesNeeded))
    {
        dwError = GetLastError();
        if( ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER == dwError )
        {
            cbBufSize = dwBytesNeeded;
            lpsd = (LPSERVICE_DESCRIPTION) LocalAlloc(LMEM_FIXED, cbBufSize);
        }
        else
        {
            printf("QueryServiceConfig2 failed (%d)", dwError);
            goto cleanup; 
        }
    }
 
    if (! QueryServiceConfig2( 
        schService, 
        SERVICE_CONFIG_DESCRIPTION,
        (LPBYTE) lpsd, 
        cbBufSize, 
        &dwBytesNeeded) ) 
    {
        printf("QueryServiceConfig2 failed (%d)", GetLastError());
        goto cleanup;
    }
 
    // Print the configuration information.
 
    _tprintf(TEXT("%s configuration: \n"), szSvcName);
    _tprintf(TEXT("  Type: 0x%x\n"), lpsc->dwServiceType);
    _tprintf(TEXT("  Start Type: 0x%x\n"), lpsc->dwStartType);
    _tprintf(TEXT("  Error Control: 0x%x\n"), lpsc->dwErrorControl);
    _tprintf(TEXT("  Binary path: %s\n"), lpsc->lpBinaryPathName);
    _tprintf(TEXT("  Account: %s\n"), lpsc->lpServiceStartName);

    if (lpsd->lpDescription != NULL && lstrcmp(lpsd->lpDescription, TEXT("")) != 0)
        _tprintf(TEXT("  Description: %s\n"), lpsd->lpDescription);
    if (lpsc->lpLoadOrderGroup != NULL && lstrcmp(lpsc->lpLoadOrderGroup, TEXT("")) != 0)
        _tprintf(TEXT("  Load order group: %s\n"), lpsc->lpLoadOrderGroup);
    if (lpsc->dwTagId != 0)
        _tprintf(TEXT("  Tag ID: %d\n"), lpsc->dwTagId);
    if (lpsc->lpDependencies != NULL && lstrcmp(lpsc->lpDependencies, TEXT("")) != 0)
        _tprintf(TEXT("  Dependencies: %s\n"), lpsc->lpDependencies);
 
    LocalFree(lpsc); 
    LocalFree(lpsd);

cleanup:
    CloseServiceHandle(schService); 
    CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
}

//
// Purpose: 
//   Disables the service.
//
// Parameters:
//   None
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
VOID __stdcall DoDisableSvc()
{
    SC_HANDLE schSCManager;
    SC_HANDLE schService;

    // Get a handle to the SCM database. 
 
    schSCManager = OpenSCManager( 
        NULL,                    // local computer
        NULL,                    // ServicesActive database 
        SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);  // full access rights 
 
    if (NULL == schSCManager) 
    {
        printf("OpenSCManager failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Get a handle to the service.

    schService = OpenService( 
        schSCManager,            // SCM database 
        szSvcName,               // name of service 
        SERVICE_CHANGE_CONFIG);  // need change config access 
 
    if (schService == NULL)
    { 
        printf("OpenService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
        CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
        return;
    }    

    // Change the service start type.

    if (! ChangeServiceConfig( 
        schService,        // handle of service 
        SERVICE_NO_CHANGE, // service type: no change 
        SERVICE_DISABLED,  // service start type 
        SERVICE_NO_CHANGE, // error control: no change 
        NULL,              // binary path: no change 
        NULL,              // load order group: no change 
        NULL,              // tag ID: no change 
        NULL,              // dependencies: no change 
        NULL,              // account name: no change 
        NULL,              // password: no change 
        NULL) )            // display name: no change
    {
        printf("ChangeServiceConfig failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
    }
    else printf("Service disabled successfully.\n"); 

    CloseServiceHandle(schService); 
    CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
}

//
// Purpose: 
//   Enables the service.
//
// Parameters:
//   None
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
VOID __stdcall DoEnableSvc()
{
    SC_HANDLE schSCManager;
    SC_HANDLE schService;

    // Get a handle to the SCM database. 
 
    schSCManager = OpenSCManager( 
        NULL,                    // local computer
        NULL,                    // ServicesActive database 
        SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);  // full access rights 
 
    if (NULL == schSCManager) 
    {
        printf("OpenSCManager failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Get a handle to the service.

    schService = OpenService( 
        schSCManager,            // SCM database 
        szSvcName,               // name of service 
        SERVICE_CHANGE_CONFIG);  // need change config access 
 
    if (schService == NULL)
    { 
        printf("OpenService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
        CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
        return;
    }    

    // Change the service start type.

    if (! ChangeServiceConfig( 
        schService,            // handle of service 
        SERVICE_NO_CHANGE,     // service type: no change 
        SERVICE_DEMAND_START,  // service start type 
        SERVICE_NO_CHANGE,     // error control: no change 
        NULL,                  // binary path: no change 
        NULL,                  // load order group: no change 
        NULL,                  // tag ID: no change 
        NULL,                  // dependencies: no change 
        NULL,                  // account name: no change 
        NULL,                  // password: no change 
        NULL) )                // display name: no change
    {
        printf("ChangeServiceConfig failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
    }
    else printf("Service enabled successfully.\n"); 

    CloseServiceHandle(schService); 
    CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
}

//
// Purpose: 
//   Updates the service description to "This is a test description".
//
// Parameters:
//   None
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
VOID __stdcall DoUpdateSvcDesc()
{
    SC_HANDLE schSCManager;
    SC_HANDLE schService;
    SERVICE_DESCRIPTION sd;
    LPTSTR szDesc = TEXT("This is a test description");

    // Get a handle to the SCM database. 
 
    schSCManager = OpenSCManager( 
        NULL,                    // local computer
        NULL,                    // ServicesActive database 
        SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);  // full access rights 
 
    if (NULL == schSCManager) 
    {
        printf("OpenSCManager failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Get a handle to the service.

    schService = OpenService( 
        schSCManager,            // SCM database 
        szSvcName,               // name of service 
        SERVICE_CHANGE_CONFIG);  // need change config access 
 
    if (schService == NULL)
    { 
        printf("OpenService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
        CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
        return;
    }    

    // Change the service description.

    sd.lpDescription = szDesc;

    if( !ChangeServiceConfig2(
        schService,                 // handle to service
        SERVICE_CONFIG_DESCRIPTION, // change: description
        &sd) )                      // new description
    {
        printf("ChangeServiceConfig2 failed\n");
    }
    else printf("Service description updated successfully.\n");

    CloseServiceHandle(schService); 
    CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
}

//
// Purpose: 
//   Deletes a service from the SCM database
//
// Parameters:
//   None
// 
// Return value:
//   None
//
VOID __stdcall DoDeleteSvc()
{
    SC_HANDLE schSCManager;
    SC_HANDLE schService;
    SERVICE_STATUS ssStatus; 

    // Get a handle to the SCM database. 
 
    schSCManager = OpenSCManager( 
        NULL,                    // local computer
        NULL,                    // ServicesActive database 
        SC_MANAGER_ALL_ACCESS);  // full access rights 
 
    if (NULL == schSCManager) 
    {
        printf("OpenSCManager failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
        return;
    }

    // Get a handle to the service.

    schService = OpenService( 
        schSCManager,       // SCM database 
        szSvcName,          // name of service 
        DELETE);            // need delete access 
 
    if (schService == NULL)
    { 
        printf("OpenService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
        CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
        return;
    }

    // Delete the service.
 
    if (! DeleteService(schService) ) 
    {
        printf("DeleteService failed (%d)\n", GetLastError()); 
    }
    else printf("Service deleted successfully\n"); 
 
    CloseServiceHandle(schService); 
    CloseServiceHandle(schSCManager);
}


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