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Queryable.ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey) Method (IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), IComparer(Of TKey))

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey) ( _
	source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), _
	keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), _
	comparer As IComparer(Of TKey) _
) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TKey

The type of the key returned by the function represented by keySelector.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)
An IOrderedQueryable(Of T) that contains elements to sort.
keySelector
Type: System.Linq.Expressions.Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey))
A function to extract a key from each element.
comparer
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IComparer(Of TKey)
An IComparer(Of T) to compare keys.

Return Value

Type: System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)
An IOrderedQueryable(Of T) whose elements are sorted according to a key.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource). When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or keySelector or comparer is Nothing.

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression(Of TDelegate) whose type argument is one of the Func(Of T, TResult) types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression(Of TDelegate).

The ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey)(IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), IComparer(Of TKey)) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey)(IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), IComparer(Of TKey)) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery(Of TElement)(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter. The result of calling CreateQuery(Of TElement)(Expression) is cast to type IOrderedQueryable(Of T) and returned.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey)(IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), IComparer(Of TKey)) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it performs a secondary sort of the elements of source based on the key obtained by invoking keySelector on each element of source. All previously established sort orders are preserved. The comparer parameter is used to compare key values.

Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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