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Queryable.GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement> Method (IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Groups the elements of a sequence and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function. Key values are compared by using a specified comparer.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assemblies:   System.Linq.Queryable (in System.Linq.Queryable.dll)
  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IQueryable<IGrouping<TKey, TElement>> GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement>(
	this IQueryable<TSource> source,
	Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>> keySelector,
	Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>> elementSelector,
	IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TKey

The type of the key returned by the function represented in keySelector.

TElement

The type of the elements in each IGrouping<TKey, TElement>.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource>

An IQueryable<T> whose elements to group.

keySelector
Type: System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>

A function to extract the key for each element.

elementSelector
Type: System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>>

A function to map each source element to an element in an IGrouping<TKey, TElement>.

comparer
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey>

An IEqualityComparer<T> to compare keys.

Return Value

Type: System.Linq.IQueryable<IGrouping<TKey, TElement>>
An IQueryable<IGrouping<TKey, TElement>> in C# or IQueryable(Of IGrouping(Of TKey, TElement)) in Visual Basic where each IGrouping<TKey, TElement> contains a sequence of objects of type TElement and a key.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IQueryable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or keySelector or elementSelector or comparer is null.

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T, TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling GroupBy<TSource, TKey, TElement>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, TKey>>, Expression<Func<TSource, TElement>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it groups the elements of source by a key value that is obtained by invoking keySelector on each element. Key values are compared by using comparer. The elementSelector parameter is invoked on each element to obtain a result element.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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