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_aligned_offset_malloc_dbg

Allocates memory on a specified alignment boundary (debug version only).

void * _aligned_offset_malloc_dbg(
   size_t size, 
   size_t alignment, 
   size_t offset,
   const char *filename,
   int linenumber 
);

[in] size

The size of the requested memory allocation.

[in] alignment

The alignment value, which must be an integer power of 2.

[in] offset

The offset into the memory allocation to force the alignment.

[in] filename

Pointer to the name of the source file that requested the allocation operation or NULL.

[in] linenumber

Line number in the source file where the allocation operation was requested or NULL.

A pointer to the memory block that was allocated or NULL if the operation failed.

_aligned_offset_malloc_dbg is a debug version of the _aligned_offset_malloc function. When _DEBUG is not defined, each call to _aligned_offset_malloc_dbg is reduced to a call to _aligned_offset_malloc. Both _aligned_offset_malloc and _aligned_offset_malloc_dbg allocate a block of memory in the base heap, but _aligned_offset_malloc_dbg offers several debugging features: buffers on either side of the user portion of the block to test for leaks, a block type parameter to track specific allocation types, and filename/linenumber information to determine the origin of allocation requests.

_aligned_offset_malloc_dbg allocates the memory block with slightly more space than the requested size. The additional space is used by the debug heap manager to link the debug memory blocks and to provide the application with debug header information and overwrite buffers. When the block is allocated, the user portion of the block is filled with the value 0xCD and each of the overwrite buffers are filled with 0xFD.

_aligned_offset_malloc_dbg is useful in situations where alignment is needed on a nested element; for example, if alignment was needed on a nested class.

_aligned_offset_malloc_dbg is based on malloc; for more information, see malloc.

This function sets errno to ENOMEM if the memory allocation failed or if the requested size was greater than _HEAP_MAXREQ. For more information about errno, see errno, _doserrno, _sys_errlist, and _sys_nerr. Also, _aligned_offset_malloc validates its parameters. If alignment is not a power of 2 or if offset is greater than or equal to size and nonzero, this function invokes the invalid parameter handler, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, this function returns NULL and sets errno to EINVAL.

For information about how memory blocks are allocated, initialized, and managed in the debug version of the base heap, see CRT Debug Heap Details.

For information about the allocation block types and how they are used, see Types of blocks on the debug heap.

Routine

Required header

_aligned_offset_malloc_dbg

<crtdbg.h>

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

Debug versions of C run-time libraries only.

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

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