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Enumerable.DefaultIfEmpty<TSource> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IEnumerable<TSource> DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
The sequence to return a default value for if it is empty.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> object that contains the default value for the TSource type if source is empty; otherwise, source.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source is null.

This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

The default value for reference and nullable types is null.

This method can be used to produce a left outer join when it is combined with the GroupJoin) method.

The following code examples demonstrate how to use DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>) to provide a default value in case the source sequence is empty.

This example uses a non-empty sequence.


      class Pet
      {
         public string Name { get; set; }
         public int Age { get; set; }
      }

      public static void DefaultIfEmptyEx1()
      {
         List<Pet> pets =
             new List<Pet>{ new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=8 },
                                new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=4 },
                                new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=1 } };

         foreach (Pet pet in pets.DefaultIfEmpty())
         {
            outputBlock.Text += pet.Name + "\n";
         }
      }

      /*
       This code produces the following output:

       Barley
       Boots
       Whiskers
      */



This example uses an empty sequence.


      List<int> numbers = new List<int>();

      foreach (int number in numbers.DefaultIfEmpty())
      {
         outputBlock.Text += number + "\n";
      }

      /*
       This code produces the following output:

       0
      */



Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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