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HashSet<T>.IsProperSubsetOf Method

Determines whether a HashSet<T> object is a proper subset of the specified collection.

Namespace:  System.Collections.Generic
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public bool IsProperSubsetOf(
	IEnumerable<T> other
)

Parameters

other
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>

The collection to compare to the current HashSet<T> object.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the HashSet<T> object is a proper subset of other; otherwise, false.

Implements

ISet<T>.IsProperSubsetOf(IEnumerable<T>)

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

other is null.

An empty set is a proper subset of any other collection. Therefore, this method returns true if the collection represented by the current HashSet<T> object is empty unless the other parameter is also an empty set.

This method always returns false if Count is greater than or equal to the number of elements in other.

If the collection represented by other is a HashSet<T> collection with the same equality comparer as the current HashSet<T> object, then this method is an O(n) operation. Otherwise, this method is an O(n + m) operation, where n is Count and m is the number of elements in other.

The following example creates two disparate HashSet<T> objects and compares them to each other. In this example, lowNumbers is both a subset and a proper subset of allNumbers until allNumbers is modified, using the IntersectWith method, to contain only values that are present in both sets. Once allNumbers and lowNumbers are identical, lowNumbers is still a subset of allNumbers but is no longer a proper subset.

static void Main()
{
    HashSet<int> lowNumbers = new HashSet<int>();
    HashSet<int> allNumbers = new HashSet<int>();

    for (int i = 1; i < 5; i++)
    {
        lowNumbers.Add(i);
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
    {
        allNumbers.Add(i);
    }

    Console.Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers.Count);
    DisplaySet(lowNumbers);

    Console.Write("allNumbers contains {0} elements: ", allNumbers.Count);
    DisplaySet(allNumbers);

    Console.WriteLine("lowNumbers overlaps allNumbers: {0}",
        lowNumbers.Overlaps(allNumbers));

    Console.WriteLine("allNumbers and lowNumbers are equal sets: {0}",
        allNumbers.SetEquals(lowNumbers));

    // Show the results of sub/superset testing
    Console.WriteLine("lowNumbers is a subset of allNumbers: {0}",
        lowNumbers.IsSubsetOf(allNumbers));
    Console.WriteLine("allNumbers is a superset of lowNumbers: {0}",
        allNumbers.IsSupersetOf(lowNumbers));
    Console.WriteLine("lowNumbers is a proper subset of allNumbers: {0}",
        lowNumbers.IsProperSubsetOf(allNumbers));
    Console.WriteLine("allNumbers is a proper superset of lowNumbers: {0}",
        allNumbers.IsProperSupersetOf(lowNumbers));

    // Modify allNumbers to remove numbers that are not in lowNumbers.
    allNumbers.IntersectWith(lowNumbers);
    Console.Write("allNumbers contains {0} elements: ", allNumbers.Count);
    DisplaySet(allNumbers);

    Console.WriteLine("allNumbers and lowNumbers are equal sets: {0}",
        allNumbers.SetEquals(lowNumbers));

    // Show the results of sub/superset testing with the modified set.
    Console.WriteLine("lowNumbers is a subset of allNumbers: {0}",
        lowNumbers.IsSubsetOf(allNumbers));
    Console.WriteLine("allNumbers is a superset of lowNumbers: {0}",
        allNumbers.IsSupersetOf(lowNumbers));
    Console.WriteLine("lowNumbers is a proper subset of allNumbers: {0}",
        lowNumbers.IsProperSubsetOf(allNumbers));
    Console.WriteLine("allNumbers is a proper superset of lowNumbers: {0}",
        allNumbers.IsProperSupersetOf(lowNumbers));
}
/* This code example produces output similar to the following:
 * lowNumbers contains 4 elements: { 1 2 3 4 }
 * allNumbers contains 10 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
 * lowNumbers overlaps allNumbers: True
 * allNumbers and lowNumbers are equal sets: False
 * lowNumbers is a subset of allNumbers: True
 * allNumbers is a superset of lowNumbers: True
 * lowNumbers is a proper subset of allNumbers: True
 * allNumbers is a proper superset of lowNumbers: True
 * allNumbers contains 4 elements: { 1 2 3 4 }
 * allNumbers and lowNumbers are equal sets: True
 * lowNumbers is a subset of allNumbers: True
 * allNumbers is a superset of lowNumbers: True
 * lowNumbers is a proper subset of allNumbers: False
 * allNumbers is a proper superset of lowNumbers: False
 */

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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