Export (0) Print
Expand All

CollectionBase.IList.Add Method

Adds an object to the end of the CollectionBase.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

int IList.Add(
	Object value
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.Object

The Object to be added to the end of the CollectionBase.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The CollectionBase index at which the value has been added.

Implements

IList.Add(Object)

ExceptionCondition
NotSupportedException

The CollectionBase is read-only.

-or-

The CollectionBase has a fixed size.

If Count already equals the capacity, the capacity of the list is doubled by automatically reallocating the internal array and copying the existing elements to the new array before the new element is added.

If Count is less than the capacity, this method is an O(1) operation. If the capacity needs to be increased to accommodate the new element, this method becomes an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Notes to Implementers:

This method calls OnValidate, OnInsert, and OnInsertComplete.

The following code example implements the CollectionBase class and uses that implementation to create a collection of Int16 objects.

using System;
using System.Collections;

public class Int16Collection : CollectionBase  {

   public Int16 this[ int index ]  {
      get  {
         return( (Int16) List[index] );
      }
      set  {
         List[index] = value;
      }
   }

   public int Add( Int16 value )  {
      return( List.Add( value ) );
   }

   public int IndexOf( Int16 value )  {
      return( List.IndexOf( value ) );
   }

   public void Insert( int index, Int16 value )  {
      List.Insert( index, value );
   }

   public void Remove( Int16 value )  {
      List.Remove( value );
   }

   public bool Contains( Int16 value )  {
      // If value is not of type Int16, this will return false. 
      return( List.Contains( value ) );
   }

   protected override void OnInsert( int index, Object value )  {
      // Insert additional code to be run only when inserting values.
   }

   protected override void OnRemove( int index, Object value )  {
      // Insert additional code to be run only when removing values.
   }

   protected override void OnSet( int index, Object oldValue, Object newValue )  {
      // Insert additional code to be run only when setting values.
   }

   protected override void OnValidate( Object value )  {
      if ( value.GetType() != typeof(System.Int16) )
         throw new ArgumentException( "value must be of type Int16.", "value" );
   }

}


public class SamplesCollectionBase  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create and initialize a new CollectionBase.
      Int16Collection myI16 = new Int16Collection();

      // Add elements to the collection.
      myI16.Add( (Int16) 1 );
      myI16.Add( (Int16) 2 );
      myI16.Add( (Int16) 3 );
      myI16.Add( (Int16) 5 );
      myI16.Add( (Int16) 7 );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection (using foreach):" );
      PrintValues1( myI16 );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection (using enumerator):" );
      PrintValues2( myI16 );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Count property and the Item property.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initial contents of the collection (using Count and Item):" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

      // Search the collection with Contains and IndexOf.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contains 3: {0}", myI16.Contains( 3 ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "2 is at index {0}.", myI16.IndexOf( 2 ) );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Insert an element into the collection at index 3.
      myI16.Insert( 3, (Int16) 13 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection after inserting at index 3:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

      // Get and set an element using the index.
      myI16[4] = 123;
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection after setting the element at index 4 to 123:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

      // Remove an element from the collection.
      myI16.Remove( (Int16) 2 );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Count property and the Item property.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection after removing the element 2:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

   }

   // Uses the Count property and the Item property. 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( Int16Collection myCol )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}]:   {1}", i, myCol[i] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator. 
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection. 
   public static void PrintValues1( Int16Collection myCol )  {
      foreach ( Int16 i16 in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", i16 );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator.  
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection. 
   public static void PrintValues2( Int16Collection myCol )  {
      System.Collections.IEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", myEnumerator.Current );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

Contents of the collection (using foreach):
   1
   2
   3
   5
   7

Contents of the collection (using enumerator):
   1
   2
   3
   5
   7

Initial contents of the collection (using Count and Item):
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   2
   [2]:   3
   [3]:   5
   [4]:   7

Contains 3: True
2 is at index 1.

Contents of the collection after inserting at index 3:
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   2
   [2]:   3
   [3]:   13
   [4]:   5
   [5]:   7

Contents of the collection after setting the element at index 4 to 123:
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   2
   [2]:   3
   [3]:   13
   [4]:   123
   [5]:   7

Contents of the collection after removing the element 2:
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   3
   [2]:   13
   [3]:   123
   [4]:   7

*/

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft