Export (0) Print
Expand All

CollectionBase::IList::Add Method

Adds an object to the end of the CollectionBase.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

private:
virtual int Add(
	Object^ value
) sealed = IList::Add

Parameters

value
Type: System::Object

The Object to be added to the end of the CollectionBase.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32
The CollectionBase index at which the value has been added.

Implements

IList::Add(Object)

ExceptionCondition
NotSupportedException

The CollectionBase is read-only.

-or-

The CollectionBase has a fixed size.

If Count already equals the capacity, the capacity of the list is doubled by automatically reallocating the internal array and copying the existing elements to the new array before the new element is added.

If Count is less than the capacity, this method is an O(1) operation. If the capacity needs to be increased to accommodate the new element, this method becomes an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Notes to Implementers

This method calls OnValidate, OnInsert, and OnInsertComplete.

The following code example implements the CollectionBase class and uses that implementation to create a collection of Int16 objects.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

public ref class Int16Collection: public CollectionBase
{
public:

   property Int16 Item [int]
   {
      Int16 get( int index )
      {
         return ( (Int16)(List[ index ]));
      }

      void set( int index, Int16 value )
      {
         List[ index ] = value;
      }
   }
   int Add( Int16 value )
   {
      return (List->Add( value ));
   }

   int IndexOf( Int16 value )
   {
      return (List->IndexOf( value ));
   }

   void Insert( int index, Int16 value )
   {
      List->Insert( index, value );
   }

   void Remove( Int16 value )
   {
      List->Remove( value );
   }

   bool Contains( Int16 value )
   {
      // If value is not of type Int16, this will return false. 
      return (List->Contains( value ));
   }

protected:
   virtual void OnInsert( int /*index*/, Object^ /*value*/ ) override
   {
      // Insert additional code to be run only when inserting values.
   }

   virtual void OnRemove( int /*index*/, Object^ /*value*/ ) override
   {
      // Insert additional code to be run only when removing values.
   }

   virtual void OnSet( int /*index*/, Object^ /*oldValue*/, Object^ /*newValue*/ ) override
   {
      // Insert additional code to be run only when setting values.
   }

   virtual void OnValidate( Object^ value ) override
   {
      if ( value->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.Int16" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "value must be of type Int16.","value" );
   }

};

void PrintIndexAndValues( Int16Collection^ myCol );
void PrintValues2( Int16Collection^ myCol );
int main()
{
   // Create and initialize a new CollectionBase.
   Int16Collection^ myI16 = gcnew Int16Collection;

   // Add elements to the collection.
   myI16->Add( (Int16)1 );
   myI16->Add( (Int16)2 );
   myI16->Add( (Int16)3 );
   myI16->Add( (Int16)5 );
   myI16->Add( (Int16)7 );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Contents of the collection (using enumerator):" );
   PrintValues2( myI16 );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Count property and the Item property.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initial contents of the collection (using Count and Item):" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

   // Search the collection with Contains and IndexOf.
   Console::WriteLine( "Contains 3: {0}", myI16->Contains( 3 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "2 is at index {0}.", myI16->IndexOf( 2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();

   // Insert an element into the collection at index 3.
   myI16->Insert( 3, (Int16)13 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Contents of the collection after inserting at index 3:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

   // Get and set an element using the index.
   myI16->Item[ 4 ] = 123;
   Console::WriteLine( "Contents of the collection after setting the element at index 4 to 123:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );

   // Remove an element from the collection.
   myI16->Remove( (Int16)2 );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Count property and the Item property.
   Console::WriteLine( "Contents of the collection after removing the element 2:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myI16 );
}

// Uses the Count property and the Item property. 
void PrintIndexAndValues( Int16Collection^ myCol )
{
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   [{0}]:   {1}", i, myCol->Item[ i ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the enumerator.  
void PrintValues2( Int16Collection^ myCol )
{
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", myEnumerator->Current );

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

Contents of the collection (using enumerator):
   1
   2
   3
   5
   7

Initial contents of the collection (using Count and Item):
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   2
   [2]:   3
   [3]:   5
   [4]:   7

Contains 3: True
2 is at index 1.

Contents of the collection after inserting at index 3:
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   2
   [2]:   3
   [3]:   13
   [4]:   5
   [5]:   7

Contents of the collection after setting the element at index 4 to 123:
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   2
   [2]:   3
   [3]:   13
   [4]:   123
   [5]:   7

Contents of the collection after removing the element 2:
   [0]:   1
   [1]:   3
   [2]:   13
   [3]:   123
   [4]:   7

*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft