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Enumerable.Contains(Of TSource) Method (IEnumerable(Of TSource), TSource, IEqualityComparer(Of TSource))

Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer(Of T).

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

'Declaration
<ExtensionAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Contains(Of TSource) ( _
	source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), _
	value As TSource, _
	comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TSource) _
) As Boolean

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable(Of TSource)
A sequence in which to locate a value.
value
Type: TSource
The value to locate in the sequence.
comparer
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer(Of TSource)
An equality comparer to compare values.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the source sequence contains an element that has the specified value; otherwise, false.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable(Of TSource). When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source is Nothing.

Enumeration is terminated as soon as a matching element is found.

If comparer is Nothing, the default equality comparer, Default, is used to compare elements to the specified value.

The following example shows how to implement an equality comparer that can be used in the Contains method.


Public Class Product
    Public Property Name As String
    Public Property Code As Integer
End Class

' Custom comparer for the Product class
Public Class ProductComparer
    Implements IEqualityComparer(Of Product)

    Public Function Equals1(
        ByVal x As Product, 
        ByVal y As Product
        ) As Boolean Implements IEqualityComparer(Of Product).Equals

        ' Check whether the compared objects reference the same data.
        If x Is y Then Return True

        'Check whether any of the compared objects is null.
        If x Is Nothing OrElse y Is Nothing Then Return False

        ' Check whether the products' properties are equal.
        Return (x.Code = y.Code) AndAlso (x.Name = y.Name)
    End Function

    Public Function GetHashCode1(
        ByVal product As Product
        ) As Integer Implements IEqualityComparer(Of Product).GetHashCode

        ' Check whether the object is null.
        If product Is Nothing Then Return 0

        ' Get hash code for the Name field if it is not null.
        Dim hashProductName = 
            If(product.Name Is Nothing, 0, product.Name.GetHashCode())

        ' Get hash code for the Code field.
        Dim hashProductCode = product.Code.GetHashCode()

        ' Calculate the hash code for the product.
        Return hashProductName Xor hashProductCode
    End Function
End Class


After you implement this comparer, you can use a sequence of Product objects in the Contains method, as shown in the following example.



Dim fruits() As Product = 
   {New Product With {.Name = "apple", .Code = 9}, 
    New Product With {.Name = "orange", .Code = 4}, 
    New Product With {.Name = "lemon", .Code = 12}}

Dim apple = New Product With {.Name = "apple", .Code = 9}
Dim kiwi = New Product With {.Name = "kiwi", .Code = 8}

Dim prodc As New ProductComparer()

Dim hasApple = fruits.Contains(apple, prodc)
Dim hasKiwi = fruits.Contains(kiwi, prodc)

outputBlock.Text += "Apple? " & hasApple + vbCrLf
outputBlock.Text += "Kiwi? " & hasKiwi + vbCrLf


' This code produces the following output:
'
' Apple? True
' Kiwi? False


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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