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Using the Cryptography Configuration Features of CNG

The CNG API provides functions to enumerate and obtain information about registered providers.

Enumerating Providers

You use the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function to enumerate the registered providers. The BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function can be called in one of two ways:

  1. The first is to have the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function allocate the memory. This is accomplished by passing the address of a NULL pointer for the ppBuffer parameter. This code will allocate the memory required for the CRYPT_PROVIDERS structure and the associated strings. When the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function is used in this manner, you must free the memory when it is no longer needed by passing ppBuffer to the BCryptFreeBuffer function.

    The following example shows how to use the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function to allocate the buffer for you.

    
    #include <windows.h>
    
    #ifndef NT_SUCCESS
    #define NT_SUCCESS(Status) ((NTSTATUS)(Status) >= 0)
    #endif
    
    void EnumProviders1()
    {
        NTSTATUS status;
        ULONG cbBuffer = 0;
        PCRYPT_PROVIDERS pBuffer = NULL;
    
        /*
        Get the providers, letting the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders 
        function allocate the memory.
        */
        status = BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders(&cbBuffer, &pBuffer);
    
        if (NT_SUCCESS(status))
        {
            if (pBuffer != NULL)
            {
                // Enumerate the providers.
                for (ULONG i = 0; i < pBuffer->cProviders; i++)
                {
                    printf("%S\n", pBuffer->rgpszProviders[i]);
                }
            }
        }
        else
        {
            printf("BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders failed with error " 
                "code 0x%08x\n", status);
        }
    
        if (NULL != pBuffer)
        {
            /*
            Free the memory allocated by the 
            BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function.
            */
            BCryptFreeBuffer(pBuffer);
        }
    }
    
    
    
    
  2. The second method is to allocate the required memory yourself. This is accomplished by calling the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function with NULL for the ppBuffer parameter. The BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function will place in the value pointed to by the pcbBuffer parameter, the required size, in bytes, of the CRYPT_PROVIDERS structure and all strings. You then allocate the required memory and pass the address of this buffer pointer for the ppBuffer parameter in a second call to the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function.

    The following example shows how to use the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function to allocate and use your own buffer.

    
    #include <windows.h>
    #include <stdio.h>
    
    #ifndef NT_SUCCESS
    #define NT_SUCCESS(Status) ((NTSTATUS)(Status) >= 0)
    #endif
    
    void EnumProviders2()
    {
        NTSTATUS status;
        ULONG cbBuffer = 0;
    
        // Get the required size of the buffer.
        status = BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders(&cbBuffer, NULL);
    
        if (STATUS_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL == status)
        {
            // Allocate the buffer.
            PCRYPT_PROVIDERS pBuffer = 
                (PCRYPT_PROVIDERS)LocalAlloc(LPTR, cbBuffer);
            if (NULL != pBuffer)
            {
                // Get the providers in the buffer that was allocated.
                status = BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders(
                    &cbBuffer, 
                    &pBuffer);
                if (NT_SUCCESS(status))
                {
                    for (ULONG i = 0; i < pBuffer->cProviders; i++)
                    {
                        // Enumerate the providers.
                        printf("%S\n", pBuffer->rgpszProviders[i]);
                    }
                }
    
                // Free the memory that was allocated.
                LocalFree(pBuffer);
            }
        }
    }
    
    
    
    

Getting Provider Registration Information

The BCryptQueryProviderRegistration function is used to obtain additional, registration-specific information about a provider. This function takes the name of the provider that you want to obtain information for, the desired provider mode (kernel mode, user mode, or both), and the identifier of the provider interface to retrieve the registration information for. For example, to obtain the user mode registration information for the cipher interface for the "Microsoft Primitive Provider" provider, you would make a call similar to the following.


BCryptQueryProviderRegistration(
    MS_PRIMITIVE_PROVIDER,
    CRYPT_UM,
    BCRYPT_CIPHER_INTERFACE,
    //...
    );



Like the BCryptEnumRegisteredProviders function, the BCryptQueryProviderRegistration function can either allocate memory for you or you can allocate the memory yourself. The process is the same for the two functions.

 

 

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