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IEnlistmentNotification Interface

Describes an interface that a resource manager should implement to provide two phase commit notification callbacks for the transaction manager upon enlisting for participation.

Namespace: System.Transactions
Assembly: System.Transactions (in system.transactions.dll)

'Declaration
Public Interface IEnlistmentNotification
'Usage
Dim instance As IEnlistmentNotification

public interface IEnlistmentNotification
public interface IEnlistmentNotification
Not applicable.

In order for a resource manager to participate in a transaction, it must enlist in the transaction through the transaction manager. The Transaction class defines a set of methods whose names begin with Enlist that provide this functionality. The different Enlist methods correspond to the different types of enlistment that a resource maanger may have.

This class describes an interface that a resource manager should implement to provide two phase commit notification callbacks for the transaction manager upon enlisting for participation. For each resource manager's implementation of the IEnlistmentNotification interface, you should enlist it using the EnlistVolatile method or the EnlistDurable method of the Transaction class, depending on whether your resource is volatile or durable. For more information on enlistment and 2PC, see Participation in a Transaction and Single-Phase and Multi-Phase Transactions respectively.

The transaction manager notifies the enlisted object at different phases of the Two Phase Commit Protocol by the following methods.

Method

Description

Prepare

This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the first phase of a transaction, when the transaction manager asks participants whether they can commit the transaction.

Commit

This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the second phase of a transaction if the transaction is commited.

Rollback

This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the second phase of a transaction if the transaction is aborted (that is, rolled back).

InDoubt

This method of an enlisted object is used as a callback by the Transaction Manager during the second phase of a transaction if the transaction is in doubt.

NoteNote:

You should be aware that notifications might not be sent sequentially, or in a particular order.

The following example shows an implementation of this interface, as well as enlisting the object as a participant in a transaction using the EnlistVolatile method.

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Try
            Using scope As TransactionScope = New TransactionScope()

                'Create an enlistment object
                Dim myEnlistmentClass As New EnlistmentClass

                'Enlist on the current transaction with the enlistment object
                Transaction.Current.EnlistVolatile(myEnlistmentClass, EnlistmentOptions.None)

                'Perform transactional work here.

                'Call complete on the TransactionScope based on console input
                Dim c As ConsoleKeyInfo
                While (True)
                    Console.Write("Complete the transaction scope? [Y|N] ")
                    c = Console.ReadKey()
                    Console.WriteLine()
                    If (c.KeyChar = "Y") Or (c.KeyChar = "y") Then
                        scope.Complete()
                        Exit While
                    ElseIf ((c.KeyChar = "N") Or (c.KeyChar = "n")) Then
                        Exit While
                    End If
                End While
            End Using
        Catch ex As TransactionException
            Console.WriteLine(ex)
        Catch
            Console.WriteLine("Cannot complete transaction")
            Throw
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

Public Class EnlistmentClass
    Implements IEnlistmentNotification

    Public Sub Prepare(ByVal myPreparingEnlistment As PreparingEnlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.Prepare
        Console.WriteLine("Prepare notification received")

        'Perform transactional work

        'If work finished correctly, reply with prepared
        myPreparingEnlistment.Prepared()
    End Sub

    Public Sub Commit(ByVal myEnlistment As Enlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.Commit
        Console.WriteLine("Commit notification received")

        'Do any work necessary when commit notification is received

        'Declare done on the enlistment
        myEnlistment.Done()
    End Sub

    Public Sub Rollback(ByVal myEnlistment As Enlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.Rollback
        Console.WriteLine("Rollback notification received")

        'Do any work necessary when rollback notification is received

        'Declare done on the enlistment
        myEnlistment.Done()
    End Sub

    Public Sub InDoubt(ByVal myEnlistment As Enlistment) Implements System.Transactions.IEnlistmentNotification.InDoubt
        Console.WriteLine("In doubt notification received")

        'Do any work necessary when indout notification is received

        'Declare done on the enlistment
        myEnlistment.Done()
    End Sub
End Class


Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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