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UInt32.Parse Method (String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider)

Updated: May 2010

Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its 32-bit unsigned integer equivalent.

This API is not CLS-compliant. The CLS-compliant alternative is Parse(String).

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[CLSCompliantAttribute(false)]
public static uint Parse(
	string s,
	NumberStyles style,
	IFormatProvider provider
)

Parameters

s
Type: System.String

A string that represents the number to convert. The string is interpreted by using the style specified by the style parameter.

style
Type: System.Globalization.NumberStyles

A bitwise combination of enumeration values that indicates the style elements that can be present in s. A typical value to specify is NumberStyles.Integer.

provider
Type: System.IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information about s.

Return Value

Type: System.UInt32
A 32-bit unsigned integer equivalent to the number specified in s.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

s is null.

ArgumentException

style is not a NumberStyles value.

-or-

style is not a combination of NumberStyles.AllowHexSpecifier and NumberStyles.HexNumber values.

FormatException

s is not in a format compliant with style.

OverflowException

s represents a number less than UInt32.MinValue or greater than UInt32.MaxValue.

-or-

s includes non-zero, fractional digits.

The style parameter defines the style elements (such as white space or the positive or negative sign symbol) that are allowed in the s parameter for the parse operation to succeed. It must be a combination of bit flags from the NumberStyles enumeration.

Depending on the value of style, the s parameter may include the following elements:

[ws][$][sign]digits[.fractional_digits][E[sign]exponential_digits][ws]

Elements in square brackets ([ and ]) are optional. If style includes NumberStyles.AllowHexSpecifier, the s parameter may include the following elements:

[ws]hexdigits[ws]

The following table describes each element.

Element

Description

ws

Optional white space. White space can appear at the beginning of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowLeadingWhite flag, and it can appear at the end of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowTrailingWhite flag.

$

A culture-specific currency symbol. Its position in the string is defined by the CurrencyPositivePattern property of the NumberFormatInfo object that is returned by the GetFormat method of the provider parameter. The currency symbol can appear in s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowCurrencySymbol flag.

sign

An optional sign. (The method throws an OverflowException if s includes a negative sign and represents a non-zero number.) The sign can appear at the beginning of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowLeadingSign flag, and it can appear the end of s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowTrailingSign flag. Parentheses can be used in s to indicate a negative value if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowParentheses flag.

digits

A sequence of digits from 0 through 9.

.

A culture-specific decimal point symbol. The current culture's decimal point symbol can appear in s if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint flag.

fractional_digits

One or more occurrences of the digit 0-9 if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowExponent flag, or one or more occurrences of the digit 0 if it does not. Fractional digits can appear in s only if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint flag.

E

The "e" or "E" character, which indicates that the value is represented in exponential (scientific) notation. The s parameter can represent a number in exponential notation if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowExponent flag.

exponential_digits

A sequence of digits from 0 through 9. The s parameter can represent a number in exponential notation if style includes the NumberStyles.AllowExponent flag.

hexdigits

A sequence of hexadecimal digits from 0 through f, or 0 through F.

A string with decimal digits only (which corresponds to the NumberStyles.None style) always parses successfully. Most of the remaining NumberStyles members control elements that may be present, but are not required to be present, in this input string. The following table indicates how individual NumberStyles members affect the elements that may be present in s.

Non-composite NumberStyles values

Elements permitted in s in addition to digits

NumberStyles.None

Decimal digits only.

NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint

The decimal point (.) and fractional_digits elements. However, if style does not include the NumberStyles.AllowExponent flag, fractional_digits must consist of only one or more 0 digits; otherwise, an OverflowException is thrown.

NumberStyles.AllowExponent

The "e" or "E" character, which indicates exponential notation, along with exponential_digits.

NumberStyles.AllowLeadingWhite

The ws element at the beginning of s.

NumberStyles.AllowTrailingWhite

The ws element at the end of s.

NumberStyles.AllowLeadingSign

A sign before digits.

NumberStyles.AllowTrailingSign

A sign after digits.

NumberStyles.AllowParentheses

Parentheses before and after digits to indicate a negative value.

NumberStyles.AllowThousands

The group separator (,) element.

NumberStyles.AllowCurrencySymbol

The currency ($) element.

If the NumberStyles.AllowHexSpecifier flag is used, s must be a hexadecimal value. The only other flags that can be combined with it are NumberStyles.AllowLeadingWhite and NumberStyles.AllowTrailingWhite. (The NumberStyles enumeration includes a composite number style, NumberStyles.HexNumber, that includes both white-space flags.)

NoteNote:

If the s parameter is the string representation of a hexadecimal number, it cannot be preceded by any decoration (such as 0x or &h) that differentiates it as a hexadecimal number. This causes the parse operation to throw an exception.

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation whose GetFormat method returns a NumberFormatInfo object that provides culture-specific information about the format of s. There are three ways to use the provider parameter to supply custom formatting information to the parse operation:

  • You can pass the actual NumberFormatInfo object that provides formatting information. (Its implementation of GetFormat simply returns itself.)

  • You can pass a CultureInfo object that specifies the culture whose formatting is to be used. Its NumberFormat property provides formatting information.

  • You can pass a custom IFormatProvider implementation. Its GetFormat method must instantiate and return the NumberFormatInfo object that provides formatting information.

If provider is null, the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture is used.

The following example uses the Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider) method to convert various string representations of numbers to 32-bit unsigned integer values.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] cultureNames= { "en-US", "fr-FR" };
      NumberStyles[] styles= { NumberStyles.Integer,
                               NumberStyles.Integer | NumberStyles.AllowDecimalPoint };
      string[] values = { "170209", "+170209.0", "+170209,0", "-103214.00",
                                 "-103214,00", "104561.1", "104561,1" };

      // Parse strings using each culture 
      foreach (string cultureName in cultureNames)
      {
         CultureInfo ci = new CultureInfo(cultureName);
         Console.WriteLine("Parsing strings using the {0} culture", 
                           ci.DisplayName);
         // Use each style. 
         foreach (NumberStyles style in styles)
         {
            Console.WriteLine("   Style: {0}", style.ToString());
            // Parse each numeric string. 
            foreach (string value in values)
            {
               try {
                  Console.WriteLine("      Converted '{0}' to {1}.", value,
                                    UInt32.Parse(value, style, ci));
               }
               catch (FormatException) {
                  Console.WriteLine("      Unable to parse '{0}'.", value);
               }      
               catch (OverflowException) {
                  Console.WriteLine("      '{0}' is out of range of the UInt32 type.",
                                    value);
               }
            }
         }
      }                                    
   }
}
// The example displays the following output: 
//       Parsing strings using the English (United States) culture 
//          Style: Integer 
//             Converted '170209' to 170209. 
//             Unable to parse '+170209.0'. 
//             Unable to parse '+170209,0'. 
//             Unable to parse '-103214.00'. 
//             Unable to parse '-103214,00'. 
//             Unable to parse '104561.1'. 
//             Unable to parse '104561,1'. 
//          Style: Integer, AllowDecimalPoint 
//             Converted '170209' to 170209. 
//             Converted '+170209.0' to 170209. 
//             Unable to parse '+170209,0'. 
//             '-103214.00' is out of range of the UInt32 type. 
//             Unable to parse '-103214,00'. 
//             '104561.1' is out of range of the UInt32 type. 
//             Unable to parse '104561,1'. 
//       Parsing strings using the French (France) culture 
//          Style: Integer 
//             Converted '170209' to 170209. 
//             Unable to parse '+170209.0'. 
//             Unable to parse '+170209,0'. 
//             Unable to parse '-103214.00'. 
//             Unable to parse '-103214,00'. 
//             Unable to parse '104561.1'. 
//             Unable to parse '104561,1'. 
//          Style: Integer, AllowDecimalPoint 
//             Converted '170209' to 170209. 
//             Unable to parse '+170209.0'. 
//             Converted '+170209,0' to 170209. 
//             Unable to parse '-103214.00'. 
//             '-103214,00' is out of range of the UInt32 type. 
//             Unable to parse '104561.1'. 
//             '104561,1' is out of range of the UInt32 type.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

May 2010

Revised extensively.

Information enhancement.

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