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Frame Styles and Templates

This topic describes the styles and templates for the Frame control. You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

The following table lists the named parts for the Frame control.

Part

Type

Description

PART_FrameCP

ContentPresenter

The content area.

The following table lists the visual states for the Frame control.

VisualState Name

VisualStateGroup Name

Description

Valid

ValidationStates

The control uses the Validation class and the Validation.HasError attached property is false.

InvalidFocused

ValidationStates

The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.

InvalidUnfocused

ValidationStates

The Validation.HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the Frame control.


<!-- Back/Forward Button Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameButtonStyle"
       TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Command"
          Value="NavigationCommands.BrowseBack" />
  <Setter Property="Focusable"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlPressedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledControlDarkColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Arrow"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                      (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Ellipse x:Name="Ellipse"
                   StrokeThickness="1"
                   Width="16"
                   Height="16">
            <Ellipse.Stroke>
              <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource NavButtonFrameColor}" />
            </Ellipse.Stroke>
            <Ellipse.Fill>
              <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                   EndPoint="0,1">
                <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                  <GradientStopCollection>
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                  Offset="1.0" />
                  </GradientStopCollection>
                </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
              </LinearGradientBrush>
            </Ellipse.Fill>
          </Ellipse>

          <Path x:Name="Arrow"
                Margin="0,0,2,0"
                HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                VerticalAlignment="Center"
                Data="M 4 0 L 0 4 L 4 8 Z" >
          	<Path.Fill>
          		<SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}"/>
          	</Path.Fill>
          </Path>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="Command"
                   Value="{x:Static NavigationCommands.BrowseForward}">
            <Setter TargetName="Arrow"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 0 8 z" />
            <Setter TargetName="Arrow"
                    Property="Margin"
                    Value="2,0,0,0" />
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Frame Menu Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameMenu"
       TargetType="{x:Type Menu}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="KeyboardNavigation.TabNavigation"
          Value="None" />
  <Setter Property="IsMainMenu"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Menu}">
        <DockPanel IsItemsHost="true" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Frame Menu Header Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameHeaderMenuItem"
       TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
        <Grid>
          <Popup x:Name="PART_Popup"
                 Placement="Bottom"
                 VerticalOffset="2"
                 IsOpen="{TemplateBinding IsSubmenuOpen}"
                 AllowsTransparency="True"
                 Focusable="False"
                 PopupAnimation="Fade">
            <Border x:Name="SubMenuBorder"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    Background="{DynamicResource MenuPopupBrush}">
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource BorderMediumColor}" />
              </Border.BorderBrush>
              <StackPanel IsItemsHost="true"
                          Margin="2"
                          KeyboardNavigation.TabNavigation="Cycle"
                          KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Cycle" />
            </Border>
          </Popup>

          <Grid x:Name="Panel"
                Width="24"
                Background="Transparent"
                HorizontalAlignment="Right">

            <Border Visibility="Hidden"
                    x:Name="HighlightBorder"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    CornerRadius="2">
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>

              </Border.BorderBrush>
              <Border.Background>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMouseOverColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>

              </Border.Background>
            </Border>
            <Path x:Name="Arrow"
                  SnapsToDevicePixels="false"
                  HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                  VerticalAlignment="Center"
                  Margin="0,2,4,0"
                  StrokeLineJoin="Round"
                  Data="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 8 0 Z">
              <Path.Stroke>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Path.Stroke>
            </Path>
          </Grid>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsHighlighted"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="HighlightBorder"
                    Property="Visibility"
                    Value="Visible" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsSubmenuOpen"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="HighlightBorder"
                    Property="BorderBrush">
              <Setter.Value>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <GradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </GradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
            <Setter Property="Background"
                    TargetName="HighlightBorder">
              <Setter.Value>

                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0,1"
                                     StartPoint="0,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlPressedColor}"
                                Offset="0.984" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="Arrow"
                    Property="Fill">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Frame Menu Item Style -->

<Style x:Key="FrameSubmenuItem"
       TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Header"
          Value="{Binding (JournalEntry.Name)}" />
  <Setter Property="Command"
          Value="NavigationCommands.NavigateJournal" />
  <Setter Property="CommandTarget"
          Value="{Binding TemplatedParent, 
    RelativeSource={RelativeSource AncestorType={x:Type Menu}}}" />
  <Setter Property="CommandParameter"
          Value="{Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource Self}}" />
  <Setter Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
          Value="{Binding (JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition)}" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type MenuItem}">
        <Border BorderThickness="1"
                Name="Border">
          <Grid x:Name="Panel"
                Background="Transparent"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="true"
                Height="35"
                Width="250">
            <Path x:Name="Glyph"
                  SnapsToDevicePixels="false"
                  Margin="7,5"
                  Width="10"
                  Height="10"
                  HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                  StrokeStartLineCap="Triangle"
                  StrokeEndLineCap="Triangle"
                  StrokeThickness="2">
              <Path.Stroke>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Path.Stroke>
            </Path>

            <ContentPresenter ContentSource="Header"
                              Margin="24,5,50,5" />
          </Grid>
        </Border>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
                   Value="Current">
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 0,5 L 2.5,8 L 7,3 " />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsHighlighted"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="Background"
                    TargetName="Border">
              <Setter.Value>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="Transparent"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMouseOverColor}"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
            <Setter Property="BorderBrush"
                    TargetName="Border">
              <Setter.Value>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="Transparent"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
          <MultiTrigger>
            <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
              <Condition Property="IsHighlighted"
                         Value="true" />
              <Condition Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
                         Value="Forward" />
            </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 3 1 L 7 5 L 3 9 z" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Stroke"
                    Value="{x:Null}" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Fill">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </MultiTrigger>
          <MultiTrigger>
            <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
              <Condition Property="IsHighlighted"
                         Value="true" />
              <Condition Property="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter.JournalEntryPosition"
                         Value="Back" />
            </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Data"
                    Value="M 7 1 L 3 5 L 7 9 z" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Stroke"
                    Value="{x:Null}" />
            <Setter TargetName="Glyph"
                    Property="Fill">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource GlyphColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </MultiTrigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!-- Merges Back and Forward Navigation Stacks -->

<JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter x:Key="JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter" />

<!-- SimpleStyles: Frame -->

<Style x:Key="{x:Type Frame}"
       TargetType="{x:Type Frame}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Frame}">
        <DockPanel>
          <Border DockPanel.Dock="Top"
                  Height="22"
                  BorderThickness="1">
            <Border.BorderBrush>
              <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                   StartPoint="0.5,0">
                <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                              Offset="0" />
                <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                              Offset="1" />
              </LinearGradientBrush>
            </Border.BorderBrush>
            <Grid>
              <Grid.Background>

                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>

              </Grid.Background>
              <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="16" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
              </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>

              <Menu x:Name="NavMenu"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="3"
                    Height="16"
                    Margin="1,0,0,0"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center"
                    Style="{StaticResource FrameMenu}">
                <MenuItem Style="{StaticResource FrameHeaderMenuItem}"
                          ItemContainerStyle="{StaticResource FrameSubmenuItem}"
                          IsSubmenuOpen="{Binding (MenuItem.IsSubmenuOpen), 
                  Mode=TwoWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}">
                  <MenuItem.ItemsSource>
                    <MultiBinding Converter="{StaticResource JournalEntryUnifiedViewConverter}">
                      <Binding RelativeSource="{RelativeSource TemplatedParent}"
                               Path="BackStack" />
                      <Binding RelativeSource="{RelativeSource TemplatedParent}"
                               Path="ForwardStack" />
                    </MultiBinding>
                  </MenuItem.ItemsSource>
                </MenuItem>
              </Menu>

              <Path Grid.Column="0"
                    SnapsToDevicePixels="false"
                    IsHitTestVisible="false"
                    Margin="2,1.5,0,1.5"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="3"
                    StrokeThickness="1"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center"
                    Data="M15,14 Q18,12.9 20.9,14 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,35.7,8.7 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,
                    25.2,0.6 Q18, 3.3 10.8,0.6 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,0.3,8.7 A8.3,8.3,0,0,0,15,14 z"
                    Stroke="{x:Null}">
                <Path.Fill>
                  <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                       StartPoint="0.5,0">
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                  Offset="0" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlDarkColor}"
                                  Offset="1" />
                  </LinearGradientBrush>
                </Path.Fill>
              </Path>
              <Button Style="{StaticResource FrameButtonStyle}"
                      Command="NavigationCommands.BrowseBack"
                      Content="M 4 0 L 0 4 L 4 8 Z"
                      Margin="2.7,1.5,1.3,1.5"
                      Grid.Column="0" />
              <Button Style="{StaticResource FrameButtonStyle}"
                      Command="NavigationCommands.BrowseForward"
                      Content="M 4 0 L 0 4 L 4 8 Z"
                      Margin="1.3,1.5,0,1.5"
                      Grid.Column="1" />
            </Grid>
          </Border>
          <Border BorderThickness="1">
            <Border.BorderBrush>
              <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}" />
            </Border.BorderBrush>
            <ContentPresenter x:Name="PART_FrameCP"
                              Height="458"
                              Width="640" />
          </Border>
        </DockPanel>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <MultiTrigger>
            <MultiTrigger.Conditions>
              <Condition Property="CanGoForward"
                         Value="false" />
              <Condition Property="CanGoBack"
                         Value="false" />
            </MultiTrigger.Conditions>
            <Setter TargetName="NavMenu"
                    Property="IsEnabled"
                    Value="false" />
          </MultiTrigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

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