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SetWindowLong

Windows Mobile 6.5
A version of this page is also available for
4/8/2010

This function changes an attribute of the specified window. SetWindowLong also sets a 32-bit (LONG) value at the specified offset into the extra window memory of a window.


LONG SetWindowLong( 
  HWND hWnd, 
  int nIndex, 
  LONG dwNewLong
); 

hWnd

Handle to the window and, indirectly, the class to which the window belongs.

nIndex

Specifies the zero-based offset to the value to be set. Valid values are in the range zero through the number of bytes of extra window memory, minus 4; for example, if you specified 12 or more bytes of extra memory, a value of 8 would be an index to the third 32-bit integer. For Windows Embedded CE, the byte offset but must be a multiple of 4 bytes.

To set any other value, specify one of the following values.

Value Description

GWL_EXSTYLE

Sets a new extended window style.

GWL_STYLE

Sets a new window style.

GWL_WNDPROC

Sets a new address for the window procedure. You cannot change this attribute if the window does not belong to the same process as the calling thread.

GWL_ID

Sets a new identifier of the window.

GWL_USERDATA

Sets the 32-bit value associated with the window. Each window has a corresponding 32-bit value intended for use by the application that created the window. Windows CE 2.0 and later support this value, but Windows CE 1.0 and 1.01 do not.

The following values are also available when the hWnd parameter identifies a dialog box.

Value Description

DWL_DLGPROC

Sets the new address of the dialog box procedure. Windows CE 2.0 and later support this value, but Windows CE 1.0 and 1.01 do not.

DWL_MSGRESULT

Sets the return value of a message processed in the dialog box procedure.

DWL_USER

Sets new extra information that is private to the application, such as handles or pointers.

dwNewLong

Specifies the replacement value.

The previous value of the specified 32-bit integer indicates success. Zero indicates failure. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

If the previous value of the specified 32-bit integer is zero, and the function succeeds, the return value is zero, but the function does not clear the last error information. This makes it difficult to determine success or failure. To deal with this, you should clear the last error information by calling SetLastError (0) before calling SetWindowLong. Then, function failure is indicated by a return value of zero and a GetLastError result that is nonzero.

The SetWindowLong function fails if the window specified by the hWnd parameter does not belong to the same process as the calling thread.

Unaligned access is not supported.

Certain window data is cached, so changes you make using SetWindowLong will not take effect until you call the SetWindowPos function.

If you use SetWindowLong with the GWL_WNDPROC index to replace the window procedure, the window procedure must conform to the guidelines specified in the description of the WindowProc callback function.

If you use SetWindowLong with the DWL_MSGRESULT index to set the return value for a message processed by a dialog procedure, you should return TRUE directly afterwards. Otherwise, if you call any function that results in your dialog procedure receiving a window message, the nested window message could overwrite the return value you set using DWL_MSGRESULT.

Calling SetWindowLong with the GWL_WNDPROC index creates a subclass of the window class used to create the window. An application can subclass a system class, but should not subclass a window class created by another process. The SetWindowLong function creates the window subclass by changing the window procedure associated with a particular window class, causing the system to call the new window procedure instead of the previous one. An application must pass any messages not processed by the new window procedure to the previous window procedure by calling CallWindowProc. This allows the application to create a chain of window procedures.

You must not call SetWindowLong with the GWL_HWNDPARENT index to change the parent of a child window. Instead, use the SetParent function.

Headerwinuser.h
Windows Embedded CEWindows CE 1.0 and later
Windows MobileWindows Mobile Version 5.0 and later

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