Export (0) Print
Expand All
19 out of 23 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

Group Policy Management Console Scripting Samples

The following information describes the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) scripting samples. You can find the samples in the %programfiles%\Gpmc\Scripts directory after you install the GPMC. You can execute the scripts at the command prompt. The scripts send output to the Command Prompt window. Run the scripts using the CScript.exe application.

The following script samples address administrative tasks:

There are also script samples that perform the following queries:

Backing Up an Individual GPO

The BackupGPO.wsf sample backs up a Group Policy object (GPO) to a specified backup directory. You can specify the GPO either by its name or by its GPO ID. The backup directory and the GPO must already exist. You can use the Comment parameter to specify an optional comment for the backup.

Usage:  BackupGPO.wsf <GPO Name> <BackupLocation> [/Comment:<Comment>] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  BackupGPO.wsf TestPolicyGPO \\server\share\GPOBackups /Comment: "Weekly backup" /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Backing Up the GPOs in a Domain

The BackupAllGPOs.wsf sample backs up all the GPOs in a domain to the specified backup directory. The backup directory must exist. You can use the Comment parameter to specify an optional comment for the backup.

Usage:  BackupAllGPOs.wsf <BackupLocation> [/Comment:<Comment>] [/Domain:<DNSDomain>]

Example:  BackupAllGPOs.wsf \\server\share\GPOBackups /Comment:"Weekly backup" /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Creating a Copy of a GPO

The CopyGPO.wsf sample creates a new GPO and copies the settings from a source GPO into the new destination GPO. You specify the source GPO either by its name or its GPO ID. You specify the new destination GPO by name. Use the MigrationTable switch to map security principals and paths across domains. Use the CopyACL switch to copy the access control list (ACL) on the source GPO to the destination GPO. To create a migration table, see the Create Migration Table script sample.

Usage:  CopyGPO.wsf <SourceGPO> <TargetGPO> [/SourceDomain:<DNSDomainName>] [/TargetDomain:<DNSDomainName>] [/SourceDC:<DomainController>] [/TargetDC<DomainController>] [/MigrationTable<MigrationTable>] [/CopyACL]

Example:  CopyGPO.wsf TestPolicyGPO NewProductionGPO /SourceDomain:example.microsoft.com /TargetDomain:example.microsoft.com

Creating a New GPO

The CreateGPO.wsf sample creates a GPO with the specified name in the specified domain.

Usage:  CreateGPO.wsf <GPOName> [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  CreateGPO.wsf MyGPO /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Creating a Policy Environment Using an XML File

The CreateEnvironmentFromXML.wsf sample reads an XML file that specifies a policy environment, such as an organizational unit (OU) or a GPO.

The script can perform operations such as the following:

  • Create GPOs and OUs
  • Link GPOs
  • Import settings into GPOs
  • Set security on GPOs
  • Create security groups and users
Using the Undo switch deletes the environment. Specify the ExcludeSettings switch to ignore the GPO templates specified in the XML. Specify the ExcludePermissions switch to ignore the permissions on scopes of management (SOMs) and on GPOs. Default permissions will be used instead. To use a migration table when you import GPOs, specify the MigrationTable switch and the path of the migration table file. Use the MigrationTable switch to map security principals and paths across domains. For more information about how to create a migration table, see the CreateMigrationTable.wsf script sample. Specify the Q switch to enable quiet mode, which suppresses all the confirmation warnings.

Usage:  CreateEnvironmentFromXML.wsf /xml:<XmlFile> [/undo] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>] [/dc:<DomainControllerName>] [/ExcludeSettings] [/ExcludePermissions] [/MigrationTable:<FilePath>]

Example:  CreateEnvironmentFromXML.wsf /xml:TestDomain.xml /Domain:/example.microsoft.com /dc:testdomaindc-1 /MigrationTable:TestMigrationTable.xml

Creating an XML File that Represents a Policy Environment

The CreateXMLFromEnvironment.wsf sample reads an existing policy environment; for example, OUs, GPOs, and GPO links. The sample script creates an XML file that represents that environment. You can use this script in conjunction with the CreateEnvironmentFromXML.wsf script. If you do not specify a domain, the domain of the computer is the default.

Multiple switches are available for this script. Use the ExcludePermissions switch so that policy-related permissions are not recorded. Use the StartingOU switch to specify the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) path of an OU from which the XML should be built, rather than parsing the entire domain. Specify the IncludeUsers switch to include user accounts. Use the IncludeAllGroups switch to include groups from the Users container and from the domain root. If you do not specify the IncludeAllGroups switch, the script adds only the groups defined in the OUs to the XML file. If you specify a template path, the GPOs are exported to the specified location. Use the /TemplatePath switch to specify the location in which you want to store the backups of the GPO templates that contain the policy settings.

Usage:  CreateXMLFromEnvironment.wsf <OutputFile> [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>] [/dc:<DomainControllerName>] [/TemplatePath:<Path>] [/StartingOU:<LDAPPath>] [/ExcludePermissions] [/IncludeAllGroups] [/IncludeUsers]

Example:  CreateXMLFromEnvironment.wsf TestDomain.xml /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Example:  CreateXMLFromEnvironment.wsf TestDomain.xml /StartingOU:OU=marketing,DC=MyDomain,DC=COM

Example:  CreateXMLFromEnvironment.wsf TestDomain.xml /templatepath:\backups

Create Migration Table

The CreateMigrationTable.wsf sample creates a file that contains the XML representation of the paths and the security principals for the specified GPO source. .

You can specify one of the following GPO sources:

  • An individual GPO
  • A backup location
  • All the GPOs in a domain
Then, you can use the resulting XML when you perform GPO import and copy operations, which are typically performed across domains.

You can use the following switches:

  • Use the GPO switch to use a single GPO source when you build the XML migration table.
  • Use the BackupLocation switch to use GPO backups as a source when you build the XML migration table.
  • Use the AllGPOs switch to use all the GPOs in the domain as a source to build the XML migration table.
  • Use the Overwrite switch to overwrite an existing XML file instead of appending to it.
  • Use the MapByName switch to specify a corresponding account with the same name as the original in the destination domain.

Usage:  CreateMigrationTable.wsf <TableName> [/GPO:<GPO Name>] [/BackupLocation:<FilePath>] [/AllGPOs] [/Overwrite] [/MapByName] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  CreateMigrationTable.wsf SampleTable.xml /BackupLocation:c:\GPOBackups /OverWrite /MapByName

Example:  CreateMigrationTable.wsf SampleTable.xml /GPO:TestGPO

Example:  CreateMigrationTable.wsf SampleTable.xml /AllGPOs /Overwrite /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Deleting a GPO

The DeleteGPO.wsf sample deletes a GPO. You can specify the GPO by name or by its GPO ID. If you do not specify the KeepLinks parameter, all the links to the GPO in the specified domain and in any sites are deleted.

Usage:  DeleteGPO.wsf <GPOName> [/KeepLinks] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  DeleteGPO.wsf MyGPO

Grant Permissions for all GPOs in a Domain

The GrantPermissionOnAllGPOs.wsf sample takes a particular domain and then grants a user or a group the specified level of permission for all the GPOs in that domain. This sample grants the specified level of permission regardless of whether those GPOs are linked to an OU or not. Use the Permission switch to specify a permission level of Read, Apply, Edit, FullEdit, or None for the security principal specified in the GroupName parameter. Use the Replace switch to remove existing permissions for the group or user before you make the change. If a group or a user is already granted a permission level that is higher than the new permission level, and you do not specify the Replace switch, no change is made.

Consider the following example:

  • The new permission level is Edit
  • The user already has Full Edit permission
In this example, if you do not use the Replace switch, the user retains the Full Edit permission because the change is not applied

Usage:  GrantPermissionOnAllGPOs.wsf <Group Name> /Permission: <Permission Level> [/Replace] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  GrantPermissionOnAllGPOs.wsf "Marketing Group Administrators"/Permission:FullEdit /Replace

Example:  GrantPermissionOnAllGPOs.wsf TestUser /Permission:Read

Importing a GPO

The ImportGPO.wsf sample imports the settings from a backup GPO to another GPO that you specify. Use the BackupLocation parameter to specify the location of the backup. Then, use the BackupID parameter to specify the GPO name or backup ID (GUID) of the backup to use. If you do not specify a GPO, the name of the GPO that was backed up will be used.

If you specify a GPO name or a GPO ID for the BackupID parameter, the script imports the most recent backup. To import an earlier version of a GPO backup, specify the unique backup ID for the backup. The unique backup ID is the string that uniquely identifies the backup within its backup directory. To retrieve the unique backup IDs for all the GPOs in a specific backup location, run the QueryBackupLocation.wsf script.

Specify the GPO to which you are importing the setting by using the TargetGPO parameter. Use the optional MigrationTable switch when you import a GPO to map security principals and paths across domains. If the specified GPO does not exist, use the CreateIfNeeded switch to create a new GPO.

Usage:  ImportGPO.wsf <BackupLocation> <BackupID> [TargetGPO] [/MigrationTable:<FilePath>] [/CreateIfNeeded] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  ImportGPO.wsf f:\backup TestGPO NewGPO /CreateIfNeeded

Example:  ImportGPO.wsf f:\backup {73624CC9-E8F2-4F05-88D2-193FAE8773CE} NewGPO /CreateIfNeeded

Importing Multiple GPOs into a Domain

The ImportAllGPOs.wsf sample creates new GPOs in a specified domain and imports settings into these new GPOs from a specified backup location. The script creates a new GPO and imports settings for the latest version of each backed-up GPO in the backup location. The names of the GPOs that were backed up are used for the new GPOs. The new GPOs are derived from a previous GPO backup. Therefore, if the previous GPOs still exist in the domain, they will be overwritten by the new GPOs. Any GPO settings that have been changed since the backup will be lost.

Usage:  ImportAllGPOs.wsf <BackupLocation> [/MigrationTable:<FilePath>] [Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  ImportAllGPOs.wsf f:\backup /MigrationTable:f:\Table1.xml

Restoring a GPO

The RestoreGPO.wsf sample restores a backup GPO to the original domain from which it was saved. If the original domain is unavailable, the RestoreGPO.wsf sample fails. Use the BackupLocation parameter to specify the location of the backup. Then, use the BackupID parameter to specify the GPO name or the backup ID (GUID) of the backup to use.

If you specify a GPO name or a GPO ID for the Backup parameter, the script restores the most recent backup. To restore an earlier version of a GPO backup, specify the unique backup ID for the backup. The unique backup ID is the string that uniquely identifies the backup in its backup directory. To retrieve the unique backup IDs for all the GPOs in a backup location, run the QueryBackupLocation.wsf script.

Usage:  RestoreGPO.wsf <BackupLocation> <BackupID> [/Domain:<Domain>] [/DC:<DomainController>]

Examples:  RestoreGPO.wsf f:\backup BackUpGPO

RestoreGPO.wsf f:\backup {73624CC9-E8F2-4F05-88D2-193FAE8773CE}

Restoring all GPOs in a Domain

The RestoreAllGPOs.wsf sample restores the most recent backup of each GPO that is backed up to Active Directory in a specified backup location.

Usage:  RestoreAllGPOs.wsf <BackupLocation> [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Examples:  RestoreAllGPOs.wsf f:\backup /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Setting GPO Permissions

The SetGPOPermissions.wsf sample takes a GPO name or GPO ID, group or user name, and permission level and grants that level of permission on the GPO. Use the Permission switch to specify a permission level of Read, Apply, Edit, FullEdit, or None for the security principal that is specified in the GroupName parameter. Use the Replace switch to remove the existing permissions for the group or user before you make the change. Otherwise, the script ensures that the group or user has at least the specified permission level.

Usage:  SetGPOPermissions.wsf:<GPOName><GroupName> /Permission:<PermissionLevel> [/Replace] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  SetGPOPermissions.wsf TestGPO TestGroup /Permission:Edit

Example:  SetGPOPermissions.wsf TestGPO TestGroup /Permission:Edit

Example:  SetGPOPermission.wsf {73624CC9-E8F2-4F05-88D2-193FAE8773CE}TestUser /Permission:FullEdit /Replace /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Setting Permissions for All GPOs Linked to a Scope of Management

The SetGPOPermissionsBySOM.wsf sample grants a user or group a specified permission level for all the GPOs that are linked to a specified SOM (a site, a domain, or an OU). Use the Permission switch to specify a permission level of Read, Apply, Edit, FullEdit, or None for the security principal that is specified in the GroupName parameter. Use the Replace switch to remove existing permissions for the group or user before you make the change. If a group or a user has a permission level that is higher than the new permission level, and you do not specify the Replace switch, no change is made.

Consider the following example:

  • The new permission level is Edit
  • The user already has Full Edit permission
In this example, if you do not use the Replace switch, the user retains the Full Edit permission because the change is not applied. Use the Recursive switch to apply the change to all the child OUs of the specified SOM.

Usage:  SetGPOPermissionsBySOM.wsf <SOM Name> <Group Name> /Permission: <PermissionLevel> [/Recursive] [/Replace] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  SetGPOPermissionsBySOM.wsf "Marketing Group Administrators" "Marketing Group" /Permission:FullEdit /Recursive

Example:  SetGPOPermissionsBySOM.wsf MarketingOU TestUser /Permission:Read /Replace

Setting Permissions to Create GPOs

The SetGPOCreationPermissions.wsf sample grants or removes the permissions that let a user or security group create GPOs in a domain.

Usage:  SetGPOCreationPermissions.wsf <GroupName> [Remove] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  SetGPOCreationPermissions.wsf "Policy Administrators"

Example:  SetGPOCreationPermissions.wsf TestUser /remove

Setting Policy-related Permissions on a SOM

The SetSOMPermissions.wsf sample grants a user or group the specified level of permission on a specified SOM (a site, a domain, or an OU). Use the Permission switch to specify a permission level of LinkGPOs, RSoPLogging, RSoPPlanning, All, or None for the SOM. You can specify either the display name or the full LDAP path of the SOM for the SOM Name parameter. The Inherit switch causes all child containers to inherit the setting. RSoP planning mode requires, at least, a Windows Server 2003-based domain controller to perform the query, and is not applicable to sites.

Usage:  SetSOMPermissions.wsf <SOM Name> <Group Name> /Permission:<PermissionLevel> [/Inherit] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  SetSOMPermissions.wsf "Test Marketing OU" "Marketing Admin Group" /Permission:All /Inherit

Example:  SetSOMPermission.wsf MarketingOU TestUser /Permission:LinkGPOs

Listing All GPOs in a Domain

The ListAllGPOs.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs in the specified domain.

Note  Using the /v switch creates detailed or verbose output for each GPO.

Usage:  ListAllGPOs.wsf [/v] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  ListAllGPOs.wsf /v /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing Disabled GPOs

The FindDisabledGPOs.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs that are disabled or partially disabled in the specified domain. This script enumerates both fully and partially disabled GPOs. The results are grouped accordingly.

Usage:  FindDisabledGPOs.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindDisabledGPOs.wsf /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing GPO Information

The DumpGPOInfo.wsf sample prints information for a specified GPO. You can specify the GPO by its name or its GPO ID.

Usage:  DumpGPOInfo.wsf GPOName [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  DumpGPOInfo.wsf MyGPO /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing GPOs at a Backup Location

The QueryBackupLocation.wsf sample prints a list of the GPOs that have been backed up to a specified file system location. For each backed-up GPO, the Verbose switch displays detailed information, such as the ID, the backup time, and any comments.

Usage:  QueryBackupLocation.wsf <path> [/Verbose]

Example:  QueryBackupLocation.wsf \\server\share\GPOBackups /Verbose

Listing GPOs by Policy Extension

The FindGPOsByPolicyExtension.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs in the specified domain for which a specific policy extension is configured. For example, the script prints all the GPOs in the domain for which the Software Installation or Folder Redirection policy extensions are configured. You can specify either the GUID or the display name of the client-side extension. To determine which client-side extensions are registered locally, use the PrintCSE switch.

Usage:  FindGPOsByPolicyExtension.wsf <ExtensionID> [/PrintCSE] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindGPOsByPolicyExtension.wsf "Software Installation"

This example lists all the GPOs that define policy settings for the 'Software Installation' policy extension.

Example:  FindGPOsByPolicyExtension.wsf /PrintCSE

This example lists all CSEs that are installed locally.

Listing GPOs by Security Group

The FindGPOsBySecurityGroup.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs on which a security principal has the specified permission level. Use the Permission switch to specify the permission level (Read, Apply, Edit, or Full Edit) for the security principal that you want to find. If no permission is specified, the script queries for all the GPOs that have the Apply permission level. Use the Effective switch to display the GPOs with a specific set of permissions, whether the permissions are explicitly set or derived as a result of group membership. Use the None switch to display the GPOs that do not have the specified permission for the specified group or user.

Usage:  FindGPOsBySecurityGroup.wsf <GroupName> /Permission:<PermissionLevel> [/Effective] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>] [/None]

Example:  FindGPOsBySecurityGroup.wsf "Domain Administrators" /Permission:Edit /Effective

Listing GPOs orphaned in SYSVOL

The FindOrphanGPOsInSYSVOL.wsf sample finds and then prints all the GPOs in SYSVOL that do not have a corresponding Active Directory source. These GPOs are usually referred to as orphaned GPOs.

Usually, a GPO becomes orphaned through one of the following ways:

  • The GPO was deleted directly through ADSI Edit.
  • The GPO was deleted by someone who had permissions to delete the GPO in Active Directory, but not in the SYSVOL directory.
In these cases, the Active Directory portion of the GPO is deleted, but the SYSVOL portion of the GPO remains. Use the Domain switch to specify a domain to search for orphaned GPOs.

Usage:  FindOrphanGPOsInSYSVOL.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindOrphanGPOsInSYSVOL.wsf /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing GPOs with Duplicate Names

The FindDuplicateNamedGPOs.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs in the specified domain that have duplicate names.

Usage:  FindDuplicateNamedGPOs.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindDuplicateNamedGPOs.wsf /domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing GPOs Without Security Filtering

The FindGPOsWithNoSecurityFiltering.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs for which apply permissions are not set. These GPOs exist, but they are not applied to any computers or users.

Usage:  FindGPOsWithNoSecurityFiltering.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindGPOsWithNoSecurityFiltering.wsf /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing SOM Information

The DumpSOMInfo.wsf sample prints policy information about a specified SOM (a site, a domain, or an OU). The information that is printed includes information about the GPOs that are linked to the SOM and information about the policy permission on that SOM. Use the ShowInheritedLinks switch to show the inherited GPO links for the SOM.

Usage:  DumpSOMInfo.wsf <SOM Name> [/ShowInherited] [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  DumpSOMInfo.wsf "Test OU" /ShowInherited /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing SOMs With Links to GPOs in External Domains

The FindSOMsWithExternalGPOLinks.wsf sample prints a list of all the SOMs in the specified domain that link to a GPO in a different domain.

Usage:  FindsSOMsWithExternalGPOLinks.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindsSOMsWithExternalGPOLinks.wsf /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Listing Unlinked GPOs in a Domain

The FindUnlinkedGPOs.wsf sample prints a list of all the GPOs in the specified domain that have no links. Links outside the domain, including site links, are not included in the list.

Usage:  FindUnlinkedGPOs.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  FindUnlinkedGPOs.wsf /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Printing the SOM Policy Tree

The ListSOMPolicyTree.wsf sample prints a list of all the SOMs (all of the sites, domains, and OUs) in the specified domain. For each SOM in the list, a list of the GPOs that are linked to it is printed.

Usage:  ListSOMPolicyTree.wsf [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  ListSOMPolicyTree.wsf /Domain:example.microsoft.com

Generate Reports for all GPOs

The GetReportsForAllGPOs.wsf sample generates two files for each GPO in the domain. The first file is an XML file that contains information such as details, links, security filtering, WMI filtering, delegation, computer, and user configurations for the GPO. The second file is an HTML representation of the GPO data. Use the ReportLocation parameter to specify the location in which you want to generate the files. Use the Domain switch to specify the domain that you want to run the report against.

Usage:  GetReportsForAllGPOs.wsf <ReportLocation> [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  GetReportsForAllGPOs.wsf c:\reports

Generate Reports for a GPO

The GetReportsForGPO.wsf sample generates two files for a specified GPO or GPO ID in the domain. The first file is an XML file that contains information such as details, links, security filtering, WMI filtering, delegation, computer and user configurations for the GPO. The second file is an HTML representation of the GPO data. Use the ReportLocation parameter to specify the location in which you want to generate the files. Use the Domain switch to specify the domain that you want to run the report against.

Usage:  GetReportsForGPO.wsf <GPOName> <ReportLocation> [/Domain:<DNSDomainName>]

Example:  GetReportsForGPO.wsf TestGPO c:\reports /Domain:test.microsoft.com

Example:  GetReportsForGPO.wsf {73624CC9-E8F2-4F05-88D2-193FAE8773CE} c:\reports

 

 

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.