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zIndex property

Sets or retrieves the stacking order of positioned objects.


Integer value = object.put_zIndex(Variant v);Integer value = object.get_zIndex(Variant* vOrder);

Property values


auto (auto)

Default. String that specifies the stacking order of the positioned objects based on the order in which the objects appear in the HTML source.

order (order)

Integer that specifies the position of the object in the stacking order.

String format

auto | order

CSS information

Applies ToAll elements
Initial Value


Positive IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex values are positioned above a negative (or lesser value) IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex. Two objects with the same IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex are stacked according to source order. A positive value positions the element above text that has no defined IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex, and a negative value positions it below. Set this parameter to NULL to remove the attribute.

The IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property only applies to objects that have the IHTMLRuleStyle::position property set to relative or absolute.

The property does not apply to windowed controls, such as select objects.

Input from pointing devices, such as a mouse, does not penetrate through overlapping elements even if the elements are not visible. This is also true for positioned elements with a negative z-index unless:

As of Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.5, the iframe object is windowless and supports the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property. In earlier versions of Windows Internet Explorer, the iframe object is windowed and, like all windowed controls, ignores the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property. If you maintain Web pages that were designed for earlier versions of Internet Explorer that do not support the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property, you might want to redesign the pages, especially if the pages contain iframe objects that are stacked on top of windowed controls, such as select objects. You can use the IHTMLRuleStyle::visibility attribute to hide windowed controls that you want an iframe object to overlap.

As of Windows Internet Explorer 7, the select property is windowless and can make use of the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex attribute and the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property.

Windows Internet Explorer 8 and later. When you access a property that has not been explicitly set, Internet Explorer returns the default value of the property. The default value of the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property for the currentStyle object depends on the document compatibility mode used to display the Web page. When a page is displayed in IE8 Standards mode, the default value is auto. The default value is 0 in IE7 Standards mode and an empty string ("") in IE5 (Quirks) mode. Applications that rely on specific default values for the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property of the currentStyle object should be modified to take the document compatibility mode into account.

You can use the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property on Grid items. While the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property normally only applies to objects that have the IHTMLRuleStyle::position property not set to static, the IHTMLRuleStyle::zIndex property applies to Grid items even when the IHTMLRuleStyle::position property is set to static.


Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]









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