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ITEM Element

Obsolete. Defines an item in a channel.


    HREF = "url"
    LASTMOD = "date"
    LEVEL = "n"
    PRECACHE = "sCache">
<!-- child elements -->


Required. URL that represents the ITEM. The browser navigates to this location when the user activates the channel. There must be exactly one HREF attribute with the ITEM element. To enable page-hit logging, the URL must contain no more than 255 characters. The HREF attribute should be omitted if the ITEM element contains an anchor (A) as a child element.
Note  Channel Definition Format (CDF) supports only HTTP, Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTPS), and File Transfer Protocol (FTP) protocols. If a different protocol is used, Windows Internet Explorer will fail to navigate to the page without notifying the user.
Optional. Last date/time in GMT that the page indexed by the HREF attribute was modified. GMT is Greenwich Mean Time, also known as Universal Time Coordinated (UTC). Note that the LASTMOD date/time is not necessarily your local time. This allows the channel client to determine whether the content has changed since the last time it was downloaded. The ITEM is downloaded only if the date associated with the cached ITEM is older than the LASTMOD value in the CDF file. Additional information on optimizing channels is available in the Creating Active Channels documentation. The date format used in the LASTMOD attribute is specified in the form yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm, where:
yyyySpecifies the year.
mmSpecifies the month (01-12).
ddSpecifies the day of the month (01-31).
hhSpecifies the hour of the day (00-23).
mmSpecifies the minutes (00-59).
Optional. Number of levels (or links) deep the client should "site crawl" and precache the HTML content from the URL specified in the HREF attribute. The default is zero, which specifies to precache only the URL of the ITEM and the images it references. If the URL contains frames, the client also retrieves all content inside the frames.
Optional. String that specifies whether content is donwloaded.
NoContent is not downloaded and the LEVEL attribute is ignored.
YesDefault. Content is downloaded only if the user has specified that channel content should be downloaded.

Element Information

Parent elements CHANNEL
Child elements
May occur at most once A, ABSTRACT, CHANNEL, LOG, LOGO, TITLE, USAGE
Minimum availability Internet Explorer 4.0
Minimum operating systems Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0


Internet Explorer 7. The CDF (Channel Definition Format) is obsolete and should not be used.

An ITEM is a unit of information that usually corresponds to a Web page. In a Microsoft Active Channel, ITEMs will appear in the hierarchy exposed in the Channels Explorer Bar. To prevent an ITEM from showing up in the Channels Explorer Bar, the USAGE element should be included as a child element of the ITEM with the VALUE attribute set to NONE.

ITEMs are not cached until the synchronization cycle after the user subscribes to the CHANNEL.


The following example defines an ITEM page within a CDF CHANNEL. Omission of the LEVEL attribute accepts the default value of 0.

<ITEM HREF="http://www.joyware.tld/promo.htm"
    <TITLE>Welcome to JoyWare!</TITLE>
    <ABSTRACT>JoyWare articles, news, and promotional offers</ABSTRACT>
    <LOGO HREF="http://www.joyware.tld/promoicon.gif" STYLE="ICON" />
    <LOGO HREF="http://www.joyware.tld/promoimage.gif" STYLE="IMAGE" />

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