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Enumeration Helper Functions

There are three enumerator helper functions that can be used from C/C++ to aid in the navigation of Active Directory objects. They are ADsBuildEnumerator, ADsEnumerateNext, and ADsFreeEnumerator.

ADsBuildEnumerator

The ADsBuildEnumerator helper function encapsulates the code required to create an enumerator object. It calls the IADsContainer::get__NewEnum method to create an enumerator object and then calls the QueryInterface method of IUnknown to get a pointer to the IEnumVARIANT interface for that object. The enumeration object is the Automation mechanism to enumerate over containers. Use the ADsFreeEnumerator function to release this enumerator object.

ADsEnumerateNext

The ADsEnumerateNext helper function populates a VARIANT array with elements fetched from an enumerator object. The number of elements retrieved can be smaller than the number requested.

ADsFreeEnumerator

Frees an enumerator object previously created through the ADsBuildEnumerator function.

The following code example shows a function that uses enumerator helper functions in C++.


/*****************************************************************************
  Function:    TestEnumObject
  Arguments:   pszADsPath - ADsPath of the container to be enumerated (WCHAR*).
  Return:      S_OK if successful, an error code otherwise.
  Purpose:     Example using ADsBuildEnumerator, ADsEnumerateNext and
               ADsFreeEnumerator.
******************************************************************************/
#define MAX_ENUM      100  
 
HRESULT
TestEnumObject( LPWSTR pszADsPath )
{
    ULONG cElementFetched = 0L;
    IEnumVARIANT * pEnumVariant = NULL;
    VARIANT VariantArray[MAX_ENUM];
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    IADsContainer * pADsContainer =  NULL;
    DWORD dwObjects = 0, dwEnumCount = 0, i = 0;
    BOOL  fContinue = TRUE;
 
 
    hr = ADsGetObject(
                pszADsPath,
                IID_IADsContainer,
                (void **)&pADsContainer
                );
 
 
    if (FAILED(hr)) {
 
        printf("\"%S\" is not a valid container object.\n", pszADsPath) ;
        goto exitpoint ;
    }
 
    hr = ADsBuildEnumerator(
            pADsContainer,
            &pEnumVariant
            );
 
    if( FAILED( hr ) )
    {
      printf("ADsBuildEnumerator failed with %lx\n", hr ) ;
      goto exitpoint ;
    }
 
    fContinue  = TRUE;
    while (fContinue) {
 
        IADs *pObject ;
 
        hr = ADsEnumerateNext(
                    pEnumVariant,
                    MAX_ENUM,
                    VariantArray,
                    &cElementFetched
                    );

        if ( FAILED( hr ) )
        {
            printf("ADsEnumerateNext failed with %lx\n",hr);
            goto exitpoint;
        }
 
        if (hr == S_FALSE) {
            fContinue = FALSE;
        }
 
        dwEnumCount++;
 
        for (i = 0; i < cElementFetched; i++ ) {
 
            IDispatch *pDispatch    = NULL;
            BSTR        bstrADsPath = NULL;
 
            pDispatch = VariantArray[i].pdispVal;
 
            hr = V_DISPATCH( VariantArray + i )->QueryInterface(IID_IADs, (void **) &pObject) ;
 
            if( SUCCEEDED( hr ) )
            {
               pObject->get_ADsPath( &bstrADsPath );
               printf( "%S\n", bstrADsPath );
            }
            pObject->Release();
            VariantClear( VariantArray + i );
            SysFreeString( bstrADsPath );
        }
 
        dwObjects += cElementFetched;
    }
 
    printf("Total Number of Objects enumerated is %d\n", dwObjects);
 
exitpoint:
    if (pEnumVariant) {
        ADsFreeEnumerator( pEnumVariant );
    }
 
    if (pADsContainer) {
        pADsContainer->Release();
    }
 
    return(hr);
}

 

 

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