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How to: Create a Custom Principal Identity

The PrincipalPermissionAttribute is a declarative means of controlling access to service methods. When using this attribute, the PrincipalPermissionMode enumeration specifies the mode for performing authorization checks. When this mode is set to Custom, it enables the user to specify a custom IPrincipal class returned by the CurrentPrincipal property. This topic illustrates the scenario when Custom is used in combination with a custom authorization policy and a custom principal.

For more information about using the PrincipalPermissionAttribute, see How to: Restrict Access with the PrincipalPermissionAttribute Class.

Example

namespace CustomMode
{
    public class Test
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                ShowPrincipalPermissionModeCustom ppwm = new ShowPrincipalPermissionModeCustom();
                ppwm.Run();

            }
            catch (Exception exc)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", exc.Message);
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
        }
    }

    class ShowPrincipalPermissionModeCustom
    {
        [ServiceContract]
        interface ISecureService
        {
            [OperationContract]
            string Method1(string request);
        }

        [ServiceBehavior]
        class SecureService : ISecureService
        {
            [PrincipalPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Role = "everyone")]
            public string Method1(string request)
            {
                return String.Format("Hello, \"{0}\"", Thread.CurrentPrincipal.Identity.Name);
            }
        }

        public void Run()
        {
            Uri serviceUri = new Uri(@"http://localhost:8006/Service");
            ServiceHost service = new ServiceHost(typeof(SecureService));
            service.AddServiceEndpoint(typeof(ISecureService), GetBinding(), serviceUri);
            List<IAuthorizationPolicy> policies = new List<IAuthorizationPolicy>();
            policies.Add(new CustomAuthorizationPolicy());
            service.Authorization.ExternalAuthorizationPolicies = policies.AsReadOnly();
            service.Authorization.PrincipalPermissionMode = PrincipalPermissionMode.Custom;
            service.Open();

            EndpointAddress sr = new EndpointAddress(
                serviceUri, EndpointIdentity.CreateUpnIdentity(WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name));
            ChannelFactory<ISecureService> cf = new ChannelFactory<ISecureService>(GetBinding(), sr);
            ISecureService client = cf.CreateChannel();
            Console.WriteLine("Client received response from Method1: {0}", client.Method1("hello"));
            ((IChannel)client).Close();
            Console.ReadLine();
            service.Close();            
        }

        public static Binding GetBinding()
        {
            WSHttpBinding binding = new WSHttpBinding(SecurityMode.Message);
            binding.Security.Message.ClientCredentialType = MessageCredentialType.Windows;
            return binding;
        }

        class CustomAuthorizationPolicy : IAuthorizationPolicy
        {
            string id = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();

            public string Id
            {
                get { return this.id; }
            }

            public ClaimSet Issuer
            {
                get { return ClaimSet.System; }
            }

            public bool Evaluate(EvaluationContext context, ref object state)
            {
                object obj;
                if (!context.Properties.TryGetValue("Identities", out obj))
                    return false;

                IList<IIdentity> identities = obj as IList<IIdentity>;
                if (obj == null || identities.Count <= 0)
                    return false;

                context.Properties["Principal"] = new CustomPrincipal(identities[0]);
                return true;
            }
        }

        class CustomPrincipal : IPrincipal
        {
            IIdentity identity;
            public CustomPrincipal(IIdentity identity)
            {
                this.identity = identity;
            }

            public IIdentity Identity
            {
                get { return this.identity; }
            }

            public bool IsInRole(string role)
            {
                return true;
            }
        }
    }
}

Compiling the Code

See Also


© 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Build Date: 2009-08-07

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