11.3.5 Boxing and unboxing
A value of a class type can be converted to type
object or to an interface type that is implemented by the class simply by treating the reference as another type at compile-time. Likewise, a value of type
object or a value of an interface type can be converted back to a class type without changing the reference (but of course a run-time type check is required in this case).
Since structs are not reference types, these operations are implemented differently for struct types. When a value of a struct type is converted to type
object or to an interface type that is implemented by the struct, a boxing operation takes place. Likewise, when a value of type
object or a value of an interface type is converted back to a struct type, an unboxing operation takes place. A key difference from the same operations on class types is that boxing and unboxing copies the struct value either into or out of the boxed instance. Thus, following a boxing or unboxing operation, changes made to the unboxed struct are not reflected in the boxed struct.
For further details on boxing and unboxing, see Section 4.3.