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11.3 Class and struct differences

Visual Studio .NET 2003

Structs differ from classes in several important ways:

  • Structs are value types (Section 11.3.1).
  • All struct types implicitly inherit from the class System.ValueType (Section 11.3.2).
  • Assignment to a variable of a struct type creates a copy of the value being assigned (Section 11.3.3).
  • The default value of a struct is the value produced by setting all value type fields to their default value and all reference type fields to null (Section 11.3.4).
  • Boxing and unboxing operations are used to convert between a struct type and object (Section 11.3.5).
  • The meaning of this is different for structs (Section 11.3.6).
  • Instance field declarations for a struct are not permitted to include variable initializers (Section 11.3.7).
  • A struct is not permitted to declare a parameterless instance constructor (Section 11.3.8).
  • A struct is not permitted to declare a destructor (Section 11.3.9).
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