Export (0) Print
Expand All

SignedData.Sign method

[The Sign method is available for use in the operating systems specified in the Requirements section. Instead, use the SignedCms Class in the System.Security.Cryptography.Pkcs namespace.]

The Sign method creates a digital signature on the content to be signed. A digital signature consists of a hash of the content to be signed that is encrypted by using the private key of the signer. This method can only be used after the SignedData.Content property has been initialized. If the Sign method is called on an object that already has a signature, the old signature is replaced. The signature is created by using the SHA1 signing algorithm.

Syntax


SignedData.Sign( _
  [ ByVal Signer ], _
  [ ByVal bDetached ], _
  [ ByVal EncodingType ] _
)

Parameters

Signer [in, optional]

A reference to the Signer object of the signer of the data. The Signer object must have access to the private key of the certificate used to sign. This parameter can be NULL; for more information, see Remarks.

bDetached [in, optional]

If True, the data to be signed is detached; that is, the content that is signed is not included as part of the signed object. To verify the signature on detached content, an application must have a copy of the original content. Detached content is often used to decrease the size of a signed object to be sent across the web, if the recipient of the signed message has an original copy of the signed data. The default value is False.

EncodingType [in, optional]

A value of the CAPICOM_ENCODING_TYPE enumeration that indicates how the signed data is to be encoded. The default value is CAPICOM_ENCODE_BASE64. This parameter can be one of the following values.

ValueMeaning
CAPICOM_ENCODE_ANY

This encoding type is used only when the input data has an unknown encoding type. If this value is used to specify the output's encoding type, CAPICOM_ENCODE_BASE64 will be used instead. Introduced in CAPICOM 2.0.

CAPICOM_ENCODE_BASE64

Data is saved as a base64-encoded string.

CAPICOM_ENCODE_BINARY

Data is saved as a pure binary sequence.

 

Return value

This method returns a string that contains the encoded, signed data.

If this method fails, an error will be thrown. The Err object will contain additional information about the error.

Remarks

Important  When this method is called from a web script, the script needs to use your private key to create a digital signature. Allowing untrusted websites to use your private key is a security risk. A dialog box that asks whether the website can use your private key appears when this method is first called. If you allow the script to use your private key to create a digital signature and select "Do not show this dialog box again," the dialog box will no longer appear for any script within that domain that uses your private key to create a digital signature. However, scripts outside that domain that attempt to use your private key to create a digital signature will still cause this dialog box to appear. If you do not allow the script to use your private key and select "Do not show this dialog box again," scripts within that domain will automatically be refused the ability to use your private key to create digital signatures.

Because creating a digital signature requires the use of a private key, web-based applications that attempt to use this method will require user interface prompts that allow the user to approve the use of the private key, for security reasons.

The following results apply to the Signer parameter value:

  • If the Signer parameter is not NULL, this method uses the private key pointed to by the associated certificate to encrypt the signature. If the private key pointed to by the certificate is not available, the method fails.
  • If the Signer parameter is NULL and there is exactly one certificate in the CURRENT_USER MY store that has access to a private key, that certificate is used to create the signature.
  • If the Signer parameter is NULL, the Settings.EnablePromptForCertificateUI property value is true, and there is more than one certificate in the CURRENT_USER MY store with an available private key, a dialog box appears that allows the user to select which certificate is used.
  • If the Signer parameter is NULL and the Settings.EnablePromptForCertificateUI property is false, the method fails.
  • If the Signer parameter is NULL and there is no certificate in the CURRENT_USER MY store with an available private key, the method fails.

Requirements

Redistributable

CAPICOM 2.0 or later on Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP

DLL

Capicom.dll

See also

Cryptography Objects
SignedData

 

 

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft